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communism

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angel teo

on 24 May 2010

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Transcript of communism

The Australian Government’s response to the threat of international communism Korean war in june 1950 -july 1953 the malayan emergency the petrov affair background to the vietnam conflict By October 1955, when the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2RAR), arrived in Penang, the outcome of the Emergency was no longer in doubt, although a lengthy "mopping up" stage followed, largely undertaken by Australian troops. After several false starts 2RAR crossed to the mainland in January 1956 to begin anti-communist operations. Over the next 20 months, as part of 28 Commonwealth Brigade, 2RAR participated in a variety of operations, mainly in Perak, one of the main areas of communist activity. Their work consisted of extensive patrolling, watching for contacts in the rubber plantations, and mounting a perimeter guard on the New Villages, settlements which the government had established to provide infrastructure and services in outlying areas in the hope of denying the guerrillas access to their support base. Contacts were rare, however, and the battalion had a mixed record, killing two communists in an ambush on 25 June 1956 but losing three of its own troops. One conflict on which the displays of both institutions were deficient until relatively recent years is the Korean War. The armistice agreement which ended major hostilities in Korea was signed into effect just over fifty years ago. We now have a long perspective down which to view this intense and cruel struggle and draw some conclusions relating to its impact. On the commission of the Australian War Memorial I wrote a book titled Australia in the Korean War. Let me now turn the telescope around and offer you some thoughts on the Korean War and Australia – in other words on how our participation in that war affected Australia’s future course. Several major issues stand out for mention and review. Having failed to win the referendum on constitutional change, Menzies stepped up the hunt for 'reds under he beds'. The anti-communist witch-hunts in Australia almost became as bad as McCarthy's hunts in America. People even stopped saying they were socialist for fear of being 'named' as a communist and losing their job. The Vietnam war's primary point is - it was an effort to stop the spread of communism. We sent advisors in the early 50's. France was active for quite a while and once we stepped up in '65 to truly help, France forces left. We put our best into helping South Vietnam fight communism for 10 years. By '75 we had pulled out after we had been able to come to an agreement and free over 600 of our Prisoners of War. South Vietnam never did become a communist state. But countries such as Cambodia and Laos, those neighboring South Vietnam did. Countries we did not have authorization to fight in.
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