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Europe: After the Fall of Rome
Transcript of Europe: After the Fall of Rome
The Middle Ages begins Do Now
"the World's mother is dead"
"the light has gone out"
-unknown Brief Background The end of the Roman Empire ushered in a period of lawlessness and insecurity. This period in history is often referred to as the_________ or the _________. As Rome became weak, generals began to fight each other for power. With gaps in it's border, barbarians invaded Roman territory and eventually sacked Rome itself. The term Barbarian came from the sound that Greek's heard when non-Greeks spoke (bar bar). The western empire's decline marked the rise of Christianity throughout the World. The Power Vaccum Begins to Fill The spread of Christianity paved the way for the development of a new world order. Who do you think spread Christianity? Missionaries spread Christianity to the northen European kingdoms. They tried to teach people about God and attempted to bring some kind of social order. The Catholic Church’s influence began to increase during this time period. Missionaries were sent by the Pope, but there were many exceptions, such as a man named Patrick. Who was Patrick? What is a monk? Group Research
Answer the Following Questions What were monasteries?
What was it like to live in one? Who was Benedict and what was his rule? Brain Pop
Middle Ages From Your Research
Imagine you were transported to a monastery during the Medieval period for one day.
Pick one thing you would like about this experience and one thing you would strongly dislike. Explain your choice. Homework
Read about the following historical figures:
CHARLEMGNE pg 503-05
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR pg 508 and R35
ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE pg 510-11
wRITE ONE SENTENCE FOR EACH PERSON. mAKE SURE TO INCLUDE SOME DETAILS ABOUT THE PERSON. How manly can a guy named Charlemagne be and what was so special about him? Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
1. Charlemagne was born on ________ A.D. and died on __________ A.D.
2. The Franks were a powerful people that conquered Gaul (modern day _________) in the 480s.
3. Under the rule of _________ the Franks became Christian.
4. The Frank’s military, economic, and political strength grew under ______________ in the late 700s.
5. Charlemagne continued the Roman tradition of conquering and taking over land. He took over many of the kingdoms that were established after Rome fell. See map on page 503.
6. After conquering parts of the former Roman Empire, and in an attempt to connect himself to Rome’s former greatness, Charlemagne was crowned ______________ of the ______________ by Pope Leo III.
7. Charlemagne was crowned emperor on Christmas Day in __________ A.D.
8. Charlemagne valued education. He had schools built throughout his empire. Scholars were encouraged to learn and teach in his schools. Many of the brightest scholars were attracted to Charlemagne’s capital _________ (in modern western Germany).
9. Many historians agree that a time of cultural, religious, and social ________ occurred during this period. Smash and Grab
10. This time period was also marked with an increase in raids and invasions from “Barbarians”.
11. ___________from the north raided Britain, Ireland, and other parts of Western Europe.
12. ___________ armies attacked southern France and Northern Italy.
13. _____________ were fierce warriors that came from the East. They attacked towns and destroyed crops.
14. The attacks left the average European in constant fear. Viking ships had shallow hulls, which allowed them to sail on the rivers of Europe.
15. What is significant about Viking ships that could sail south from Scandinavia and right into most of the rivers
Page 504 contains a map detailing the invasions of Europe.