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Preventive Dentistry

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chelsea campbell

on 9 August 2011

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Transcript of Preventive Dentistry

Preventive Dentistry The goal of Preventive Dentistry is to help people of all ages obtain optimal oral health throughout their lifes. Taking care of your teeth helps prevent plaque, which is a clear film of bacteria that sticks to your teeth.

After you eat, bacteria go crazy over the sugar on your teeth, like ants at a picnic. The bacteria break it down into acids that eat away tooth enamel, causing holes called cavities. Plaque also causes gingivitis which is gum disease that can make your gums red, swollen, and sore. Your gums are those soft pink tissues in your mouth that hold your teeth in place. Why Healthy Teeth Are Important How does taking care of your teeth help with all those things? Our goal as Dental Assistants is to educate patients on how to achieve and maintain their oral health. To prevent dental disease, a must be formed between the patient and the dental healthcare team. PARTNERSHIP Steps: - Motivate patients to change their behaviors
- Become partners in recognizing and preventing dental disease in themselves and their families. EXAMPLE: Mothers can be taught to lift their children's lip to look for any stains, white spots, or dark areas on the teeth. DID YOU KNOW? The two most common dental diseases are dental caries and periodontal disease A key factor in maintaining good oral health is to EDUCATE the patient Educate, encourage and assist patients to change attitudes and modify behaviors that work against good oral health If you make the patient an active and responsible partner rather than a passive object, you can set the stage for the patients acquiring more responsible behaviors. Teach them how to brush, floss and rinse properly. Early Dental Care Dental care is an important aspect of total prenatal care. An untreated tooth and periodontal disease can increase the risk of giving birth to a preterm, low-birth-weight baby. Did you know? Tooth decay is caused by bacteria that a new mother can transfer to her infant. So pregnant women should ask their dentist about using an antibacterial mout rinse to reduce the amount of bacteria in their mouth. Dental Sealants A sealant is a plastic-like coating that is applied over the occlusal pits and grooves of the teeth Dental sealants are an important component in preventive dentistry because they protect the difficult-to-clean occlusal surfaces of the teeth from bacteria. Fluoride Natures cavity fighter since the 1950's Systemic fluoride- is ingested in water, food, beverages, or supplements.

Topical fluoride- applied in direct contact with the teeth through the use of fluoridated toothpaste. Before a tooth erupts, it is surronded by a fluid-filled sac. Caution: the amount of fluoride taken in should be monitored. Dietary Analysis A dietary analysis is preformed to determine whether the patient's current food intake is affecting his or her dental health. It is a quick and easy procedure in which the patient maintains a food dairy that includes everything eaten each day for 1 week. Plaque Control Patients cannot remove all plaque on their teeth every day, but the can keep plaque under control by brushing, flossing, using interdental cleaning aids, and using antimicrobial solutions

TOOTHBRUSHES!
- There are two types: manual and automatic. Both, when used properly, are effective in the removal of plaque.
- For people who have dentures or partials they would use a denture brush.
DENTAL FLOSS OR TAPE!
- Dental floss tape removes bacterial plaque and thus reduces interpoximal bleeding.
- Available in waxed and unwaxed
WHEN SHOULD YOU FLOSS?
-Before toothbrushing
MOUTH RINSES
- Many contain fluoride ( which is good ).
- Rinsing your mouth after each meal with water is HIGHLY recommended.
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