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Separating Oil Spills

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by

Olivia Gillespie

on 28 October 2015

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Transcript of Separating Oil Spills

History
Oil spills have been happening across the globe for decades. One of the earliest larger spills happened January 30, 1969 off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, spilling approximately 4.2 million gallons along the coast. Other large spills include the Acomo Cadiz in 1978 and one off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico) in 1979. The largest spill was in Kuwait in 1991, spilling a whopping 378 million gallons.
Importance of Separating?
The oil that spills, spills into an ocean or lake, both of which habitat a wide variety of animals.
These animals rely on the water they live in for their daily lives.
So...
Separating Oil Spills
What is an oil spill?
Oil spills are caused when crude oil rigs along the coast have leaks spilling the oil into the surrounding water.
By: Francesca Santelli and Olivia Gillespie
Oil spills need to be separated because they negatively affect the animals in the environment they spill in.
Marine and freshwater animals benefit from this separation.
"Gulf oil spill." Environmental Encyclopedia. Gale, 2011. Science in Context. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.
Crude oil spills into a body of water
Ecosystems are dissrupted
animals are negatively
impacted
animals pores
get clogged,
oil sticks to them
animals digest
oily-water
defects for future
generations
animals die
plants are negativly
impacted
oil on top
of surface
oil in water
plants need
plant's job of
photosynthesis
is much more
difficult
humans are
negatively impacted
fishermen, for
example, lose
their jobs
price of seafood
increases
Economics (Cost)
spots where
tourism prominent
isn't anymore
Separation needs to occur
filter coating
capable of
straining oil
from water
bioremediation
uses microorganisms
to remove pollutants
from a source
espeically bacteria
organisms enzymes
are used to break
down pollutants
in situ
ex situ
treats contaminated
waste at location
contaminated waste
is moved to a different
location for treatment
April 22, 2010, British Petroleum (BP) was responsible for a remarkably large oil spill. A few days before the oil rig sank, there was an explosion, which gave way to fires sinking the oil rig. BP was held responisble for the disaster and therefore had to cover the expenses of cleaning it up. In November the oil spill cost BP about $10 milllon, however the final cost reaches an amount approximate to $30 million.
often times an oil spill is
the result of an explosion,
which can kill a fair number
of people.
Extra Citations
Bioremediation. YouTube. YouTube, 13 Mar. 2012. Web. 27
Oct. 2015.

"A History of Major Oil Spills." The New York Times. The New
York Times, 09 May 2010. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
In July 2010, responders used in situ burns to remove oil in the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater
Horizon oil spill. (NOAA). Digital image. NOAA. NOAA, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015. <http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/about/media/where-find-noaa-information-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill.html>.
A "vessel of opportunity" skims oil spilled after the Deepwater Horizon/BP well blowout in the Gulf of
Mexico in April 2010. (NOAA). Digital image. NOAA. NOAA, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2015. <http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/spill-containment-methods.html>.
Conclusion
water is clean
(No more oil)
Ecosystem can heal and go back to normal
The separation of crude oil and water is very important since oil spills negatively impact ecosystems, including humans. It is important to clean up an oil spill so that the environment can return back to its original state.
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