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moose habitat

By its body proportions, antlers' shape and size, and demeanor, the moose is the mighty symbol of the boreal and subarctic zones of the entire northern hemisphere. To describe moose country, an immense area of different habitats, is not easy. However, in
by

Rajeev Matroo

on 2 June 2011

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Transcript of moose habitat

Wind chill or take abundance help the moose to stay cool in the coastal and relatively humid zones, as well as in the much drier interior. Thus, in evolutionary terms, the moose has had to adapt both to humid and dry climates, and to dense and open habitats...

North Americans refer to this animal as the moose; however, throughout continental Europe, it has often been known as the "elk." The scientific name, Alces alces, also translates into British English as "elk." For North Americans this has been a source of confusion, as the name "elk" is also given to another member of the deer family, the wapiti (Cervus canadensis). Unfortunately, the common names of many living things differ from region to region, from country to country. On the other hand, the scientific names, albeit frequently awkward to articulate, are universal in their usage and eliminate the confusion generated by the more familiar appellations. By its body proportions, antlers' shape and size, and demeanor, the moose is the mighty symbol of the boreal and subarctic zones of the entire northern hemisphere. To describe moose country, an immense area of different habitats, is not easy. However, in simplified form, moose country is the variously dense mixed forest, called taiga or "northern bush," on the one hand; on the other hand, it is the open "forest-tundra," where conifers, ten to fourteen feet (three to four metres) high, dwarf-birch, alder and willows are scattered, mostly around takes, bogs and streams. The climate differs from zone to zone, and moose prefer only those zones where the average summer temperature does not much exceed sixty degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius). Moose are hunted as a game species in many of the countries where they are found. Moose meat tastes, wrote Henry David Thoreau in “The Maine Woods”, “like tender beef, with perhaps more flavour; sometimes like veal”. While the flesh has protein levels similar to other comparable red meats (e.g. beef, deer and elk) it has a low fat content and the fat that is found is made up of a higher proportion of polyunsaturated fats (rather than saturated fats).[55]

Cadmium levels are high in Finnish elk liver and kidneys, with the result that consumption of these organs from elk more than one year old is prohibited in Finland.[56] Cadmium intake has been found to be elevated amongst all consumers of elk meat, though the elk meat was found to contribute only slightly to the daily cadmium intake. However the consumption of moose liver or kidneys significantly increased cadmium intake, with the study revealing that heavy consumers of moose organs have a relatively narrow safety margin below the levels which would probably cause adverse health effects.[57] Moose habitat History European rock drawings and cave paintings reveal that moose have been hunted since the Stone Age. Excavations in Alby, Sweden, adjacent to the Stora Alvaret have yielded elk antlers in wooden hut remains from 6000 BC, indicating some of the earliest elk hunting in northern Europe. In northern Scandinavia one can still find remains of trapping pits used for hunting elk. These pits, which can be up to 4 × 7 m wide and 2 m deep, would have been camouflaged with branches and leaves. They would have had steep sides lined with planks, making it impossible for the elk to escape once it fell in. The pits are normally found in large groups, crossing the elk's regular paths and stretching over several kilometres. Remains of wooden fences designed to guide the animals toward the pits have been found in bogs and peat. In Norway, an early example of these trapping devices has been dated to around 3,700 BC. Trapping elk in pits is an extremely effective hunting method, and as early as the 16th century the Norwegian government tried to restrict their use. Nevertheless, the method was in use until the 19th century. All moose are herbivores and are capable of consuming many types of plant or fruit. The average adult moose needs to consume 9770 Calories per day to maintain its body weight.[29] Much of a moose's energy is derived from terrestrial vegetation, mainly consisting of forbs and other non-grasses, and fresh shoots from trees such as willow and birch. These plants are rather low in sodium, and moose generally need to consume a good quantity of aquatic plants. While much lower in energy, these plants provide the moose with its sodium requirements, and as much as half of their diet usually consists of aquatic plant life.[30] In winter, moose are often drawn to roadways, to lick salt that is used as a snow and ice melter.[31] A typical moose, weighing 360 kilograms, can eat up to 32 kg of food per day.[30] Food Moose
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