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Essentialism in the Classroom

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Addison Alexander

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Essentialism in the Classroom

Essentialism The philosophy that instills students with the most essential and basic
academic knowledge, based on traditional disciplines such as:
Math
Literature
Natural Science
History
Foreign Language
What is essentialism? History of
Essentialism Popularized by William Bagley
Has been dominant in America since the beginning of education
In early 20th century, it was criticized for being too harsh or "rigid" for students
With the launch of Sputnik in 1957, Essentialism was revived and people became interested again Founding Father & Time Era Founding father was William Chandler Bagley (1874-1976) Lasted from the beginning of modern education to present day, but was more popular in the past. Teacher and Student
Roles Teachers roles were to teach basic subjects and to embed traditional moral roles and values into everyday education Students roles were to sit at the desk and listen and to learn basic education and values for the real world Teaching Style and
Lessons Teaching style was mostly cognitive and teachers or administrators decide what is most important for the students to learn with little regard to student interests Examples of the essentialist teaching philosophy today would be a large, general education lecture class in college such as psychology or sociology Assessing Students &
Classroom Management Teachers "teach to the test" and focus on students making proficient or advanced scores on benchmark testing The teacher is the main classroom authority and also stands as a role model for students, much like a traditional classroom. Believers in the essentialist education philosophy frown upon vocational courses. Vocational courses focus on teaching a skill that can be used to prepare for a career, such as:
Graphic Design
Textiles
Engineering
Business Tech Lesson The Three Branches
of American
Government Caitlin
Addie
Lauren
Colin Outline I. The 3 Branches of Government
A. Executive Branch
B. Legislative Branch
1. House of Representatives
2. Senate
C. Judicial Branch
II. Checks and Balances A. The Executive Branch Consists of president, vice president, and cabinet-level departments such as:
Secretary of State
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Education
Primary power rests within the president, who chooses the VP and cabinet members
Executive Branch makes sure that laws are carried out and enforced and to facilitate oversight over the responsibilities of the federal government such as:
Collecting taxes
Safeguarding the homeland
Representing political and economical interests around the world The president and the executive branch are to be independent of the legislative branch
Presidential powers are a combination of
Expressed powers
Military, judicial, diplomatic, executive, & legislative
Delegated powers
Inherited Powers
In the 20th century, the president has played a more direct role in setting the domestic policy agenda
America's role in the world has greatly increased presidential power
The vice president is in charge of breaking ties in the senate and takes over if the president dies or gets impeached B. Legislative Branch (Congress) The legislative branch, or Congress, is in charge of
passing the nation's laws
allocating funds for the running of the federal government
providing assistance to the 50 U.S. states.
Legislative branch is an example of 'bicameralism'
Mixed government requiring a concurrent majority to pass legislation
Necessary & Proper Clause
Grants Congress the powers that are implied in the Constitution, but that are not explicitly stated
Legislative branch is split up into two separate parts, each with their own powers and responsibilities
1. House of Representatives
2. Senate 1. House of Representatives 435 members
2 year terms
Amount of delegates from each state in the H.O.R. depends on each state's individual population
The House of Representatives is intended to be very close to the people it represents
Revenue bills are an example of a responsibility of the H.O.R. 2. Senate 100 members
6 year terms
Each state gets two delegates in the senate
The senate is designed to insulate the chosen representatives from popular opinion
Senate is given the power to ratify treaties and approve presidential appointments such as supreme court justices. C. Judicial Branch The Supreme Court heads the judicial branch of the United States government and is the only court established by the Constitution
All of the other courts in the United States must follow the rulings of the Supreme Court
Supreme Court has the power to judge whether federal, state, and local governments are acting within the law and can also decide if a president's action is unconstitutional.
Justices and judges are appointed by the president and approved by the senate
Justices serve lifetime terms
There are 3 types of courts:
Trial Courts-first courts to hear cases
Appellate Courts-hear appeals of trial court decisions
Supreme Court II. Checks and Balances There is a "check and balance" system in the Constitution that was built so that no one branch of our government could become too powerful.
Examples of checks and balances:
President can veto acts of congress
Congress can override a veto with a vote of two-thirds in both the House of Representatives AND Senate
Supreme Court can check congress by declaring acts unconstitutional
President appoints those Supreme Court justices that congress must then approve Overview/Summary Government has 3 branches, that you can imagine as a triangle
Top is the executive branch, and two bottom corners are the legislative (congress) and judicial branches.
Each part of the government is connected to the other
Each branch has their own powers and responsibilities
A system of checks and balances prevents one branch from gaining too much power References www.siue.edu/~ptheodo/foundations/essentialism.html
Cohen, L. (1999) Philosophical perspectives in education. Retrieved June 14,2005, from http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416.html
Shaw, L. (1995) Humanistic and Social Aspects of Teaching. Retrieved June 14, 2005, from http://edweb.sdsu.edu/LShaw/f95syll/philos/phbehav.html
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