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Confucianism & Government

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jay pane

on 19 March 2012

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Transcript of Confucianism & Government

Confucianism Dominant philosophy
in China based on
teachings of Confucius Confucius lived 1,500 years before the Song Dynasty, but influenced the Song system of government Confucian
Ideas Focused on:
-Ethics & Proper Behavior People should conduct themselves according to:
-Ren (concern for others)
-Li (appropriate behavior) Order was maintained when people knew their roles in society.
-Young people should respect elders
-Subjects should obey the rulers Influence of
Confucianism Period of Disunion: Overshadowed by Buddhism because it provided comfort in troubled times
Many people turned away from Confucianism in favor of Buddhism
Buddhism dominated through the Sui and early Tang dynasties
Consequently, Confucianism lost some of its influence In comparision to
Buddhism which
stressed spiritual
outlook and promised
an escape from suffering Neo-Confucianism Return of
Confucianism
(Tang) Desire to improve Chinese Government Desire to improve Chinese Society Historians and scholars became
interested in the teachings of Confucius Confucianism
Strikes Back
(Song) Neo-Confucianism:
Neo means "new"
based on original philosophies of behavior
included thoughts on spiritual matters Attacked issues such as, "What made
human beings do bad things even if
their basic nature was good?" Neo-Confucianism
eventually became official
teachings of the Song Government Scholar-Officials Educated
members
of government Unelected government officials Earned this role by
passing a series of
civil service
examinations Elite members
of society Widely admired
for their knowledge
and ethics Benefits included:
considerable respect
reduced penalties for breaking laws
wealth This examination system
ensured that educated
people were in important
governmental positions,
rather than people of wealth
or family connections. Exams:
memorize entire Confucian text
spent roughly 20 years studying to pass exam
some exams lasted 72 hours
locked in private rooms to prevent cheating Vocab List:
ethics -
suppressed -
appointed -
elite -
incentive - Society relations: How do the Chinese repay those
that gave them assistance? Why are elders respected? His teachings have become the Chinese: Why do families hope for sons over daughters? Why isn't democracy excepted by Confucists? Who do they believe should be in government? Ruler over subject
Parent over children
Husband over wife
Older siblings over younger
Older friend over younger Invite them out to lunch/dinner Because they are wise with life experiences Code of conduct Males are seen as superior to females They don't believe that a younger person's vote
should be equal to an elder's vote Elders because their wisdom is well respected Vocab List:
ethics - rules of right and wrong
suppressed - to stop by force
appointed -
elite -
incentive - Vocab List:
ethics - rules of right and wrong
suppressed -
appointed -
elite -
incentive - Vocab List:
ethics - rules of right and wrong
suppressed - to stop by force
appointed - elected or voted in
elite -
incentive - Vocab List:
ethics - rules of right and wrong
suppressed - to stop by force
appointed - elected or voted in
elite - highest social class
incentive - Vocab List:
ethics - rules of right and wrong
suppressed - to stop by force
appointed - elected or voted in
elite - highest social class
incentive - a motivating factor Respect
Loyalty
Honesty
Hard work
Politeness
Generosity Confucianism is a philosophy model of: Confucius's thoughts were inspired by: 6 Virtues of Confucianism: Human society and life Political instability and wars These virutes were to develop: Observation of relationships: Hierarchy of society: Harmonious society
United, peaceful China Superior must set a good example
Inferior must obey Bosses over employees
Teachers over students
Parents over children
Full transcript