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Fiqh of Knowledge of Names and Attributes of Allah

Chapter 1 of Fiqh-ul-Quloob

hk 7290

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Fiqh of Knowledge of Names and Attributes of Allah

Why know Allah? Obligation Key to Purpose Rational Approach Effort Allah has ordered in the Quran to gain knowledge about Him "So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place." (Muhammad 19) The purpose is fulfilled by knowing Him through His Names and Attributes Allah created His creation to worship Him, recognize Him and acknowledge His Oneness It is not appropriate for the slave to keep on being granted Allah's blessings continuously and to have His great favor on him from all sides, with his remaining ignorant from his Master and turning away from knowing Him through His Names and Attributes and Doings For knowing His Master,
the slave strives.... He becomes an 'Aarif (who recognizes) Knowledge of Allah is the origin of all things, till the one ('aarif) who recognizes the reality of recognition with the knowledge of Allah, he, with the recognition of His Names and Attributes seeks evidence upon whatever He does, and upon His commands of Shari`ah, and upon His orders of norms and propriety, because He is the One to whom belongs Glory, He does not do anything that is not appropriate to His Names and Attributes All else are in need of Master He is Al-Malik
(King) All else are subordinates He is Al-Khaaliq
(Creator) All else is creation He is Al-Qawiyy
(Powerful) All else are weak He is Al-Rabb
(Master) He is Al-'Aziz All else are servile He is Al-Ghani
(Free of need) All else are needy He is Al-Razzaaq
(Provider) All else are given provisions Names
and Attributes
of Allah Reality of Faith The
to the 'Aarif also gets to know that knowledge of Allah and His Names and Attributes is the most honorable of all the disciplines and its dignity and majesty is absolute The slave recognizes his Master in Whom He believes in, and he strives to know His Names, Attributes, favors and kindness until he reaches the level of certainty Whenever the recognition of His Master increases, his faith increases;
And whenever it decreases, his faith decreases Benefits Recognition of Allah leads towards His Love, Glorification, Fear, Hope and towards purity in deeds done for Him All this is a privilege for the slave This Recognition is Food for
the hearts Recommendation
for the hearts Reassurance
for the hearts An active force towards obedience of Allah with His remembrance, love, worship, glorification, greatness, praise and gratefulness Engagement in this knowledge is the engagement for which the slave was created Leaving it is negligence from that for which he was created There is no way of recognizing Allah without recognizing His Names, Attributes and understanding of their meanings.
So, He does everything within the circle of justice, grace, wisdom and mercy Faith in Allah is not only a pillar of faith but it is its best, its origin and its pinnacle. Faith is not only a statement made by the tongue without recognition of the Rabb (Master) and His Names and His Attributes This is the goal required from them Engagement with this knowledge, spending of effort to understand it and complete research on it, is an engagement with the highest goals Its procurement for the slave is from the greatest and most honorable of gifts The slave should recognize His Master, Who is One and Alone in His Self, Names, Attributes and Doings: "There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing." (Ash-Shura 11) So for Him, the Glorified One, are the best Names, the highest Attributes, and He has absolute perfection in His Self, Names, Attributes and Doings "He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him." (Al-Hashr 23) For Him, the Majestic, are Attributes that are
perfect, majestic and beautiful "He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (Al-Hashr 24) "Know that Allah is severe in penalty and that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Not upon the Messenger is [responsibility] except [for] notification. And Allah knows whatever you reveal and whatever you conceal." (Al-Ma'ida 98-99) (Exalted in Might) GET TO KNOW ALLAH! :)
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