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Rules & Regulations/Practical Team Sports assignment 1
Transcript of Rules & Regulations/Practical Team Sports assignment 1
Players (numbers & positions)
In football its two teams of 11 a side with 7 sub players on the bench.
There are three main roles which is: Attacker, midfielder and defender. An attacker is usually a player who scores the goals, a midfielder is someone that can defend and attack and make the best passes, and a defender is someone who tries to stop the opposing team from scoring. A goal keeper is the person between the sticks who can use there hands to stop the ball from entering the net.
Roles & Responsibilities of officals in football
Referee - A referee wears a black jersey with black shorts, black socks and usually black boots. They wear to watches which record the time and also a notebook and two cards (yellow and red) and a whistle. I have included a photo of the referee's main hand signals, these are used when a foul is committed or when an injury has happened. A referees job is to keep on top of the players mistakes and punish them for bad tackles. To look after the players (call on the physios) and too stop play if needed. They also keep track of the score and time. They also add on any additional time at the end of the game.
2 x assistant referees: Assistant referees wear the same as the first choice referee (black shirt, shorts,socks and boots). The assistant referees carry a flags for the offside rule, two watches and a spare notebook. I have included the hand signals in a photo to the right, these signals are used when a foul or a stoppage has occurred within the game. There main job is to enforce the offside rule. They also flag any decisions the referee gives or if a foul has happened in front of them. They also give the referee advice.
fourth official: The fourth official can wear a black tracksuit or the same attire as the other referees. The fourth official has spare watches and whistles and flags in case the refs break down, also spare footballs. The fourth offical indicates on an electronic board substitutions numbers and also added on additional time when required by the referee. Simple signals for a fourth official, just had to raise the board in the air so everyone can see. The assistant is in charge of controlling the touchline and calming managers down, they check players studs before they enter the pitch and also indicate added time and substitutions numbers through the board.
In this assignment i am going to talk about the rules and regulations of football and also dodge ball. Firstly i am going to talk about Football.
A player is in an offside position if three conditions are met: first, the player must be in the opposing team's half of the field. Second, the player must be in front of the ball. And third, there must be fewer than two opposing players between him and the opposing goal line, with the goalkeeper counting as an opposing player for these purposes. It is not necessary that the goalkeeper be one of the last two opponents. Any attacker that is level with or behind the ball is not in an offside position and may never be sanctioned for an offside offense.
This rule is in place because it stops attackers from goal hanging and scoring rubbish goals. This rule also keeps the game compact and of a high pace.
The linesman will raise his flag to show that the attacker was offside. The Referee will then blow his whistle and stop the game and give a freekick.
This is a controversial part of the game because if the linesman gets this decision wrong, it could be game changing one. The attacker could of scored a goal which should of been given but wasnt due to a wrong decision.
Awarding of a penalty
A penalty is awarded when a foul has happened inside the the 18yard penalty area.
Its in place because this is usually a goal scoring opportunity as its very close to goal.
The Referee usually blows his whistle and points towards the penalty spot. Then will give out an appropriate card for the challenge.
Its a controversial part of the game because its usually a clear cute goal scoring opportunity. This wins and loses games. Some players dive in the box which is a big talking point as some times the ref awards a penalty.
What is the rule?
Why isit in place?
What does the offical do in this scenario?
Why is it a controversial part of the game?
Top 10 rules of dodgeball
Etiquette, equipment, players, facilities, scoring systems & playing surface
Officals in dodgeball
This rule is where you throw the ball, and if an opposition player catches the ball, one of the other teams players can come back into the game. Its in play so that some player do try and catch the ball instead of dodging all the time. Its also makes the games longer. The official will call/allow a player back on the court.
Its controversial because it allows another player back in the game, it could be the diference between a win or loss.
Elimination of Player
If the dodgeball makes contact with a player or multiple players and then hits the floor, those player(s) are eliminated.
Its in place because getting everyone out is the objective of the game. The referee tell them to get out and leave to the designated area. Its controversial because its the main way of winning the game. Some players may say the ball didn't hit them when it did, to cause a scene.
At the start of the game both teams have a set place to run from/to the dodge balls.
Its in place so that it makes it fair for each team to run to get the dodgeballs as its the same length apart. The official is the person that blows the whistle for both teams to get under way. Its controversial because it is the start of the game and who ever can get the balls the quickest, can start throwing the balls first.
10 most important Football Rules
Kick-off: The center of the field is where the action starts, whether at the beginning of halves or after a goal. Only two attacking players can be inside the arc surrounding the center of the field. At the referee’s whistle, one of the players will pass the football forward for the other player to pass in any direction. Any player can have the ball after the first touch.
Hand Ball: Only the goalkeepers are allowed to handle the ball with their hands/arms. Outfield players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands, if they do a free kicks will be awarded.
Goal Kick: The keeper restarts play with a kick from a 6-yard line. It is awarded to the defending team when the attacking team last touches the ball before it goes out of play over the end line, or goal line.
Corner Kick: The attacker restarts play with this free kick from one of the corners of the field. It is awarded to the attacking team when the defending team last touches the ball before it goes out of play over the end line, or goal line. The ball is placed at the nearest corner.
Penalty Kick: this free shot against the goal keeper is awarded to an attacking player when the defense commits a foul within its 18-yard box, including for a hand ball, pushing or tripping. All other players must stand outside the penalty box until the penalty is taken. The goalkeeper should position himself in the center of the goal, and he must stand still until the ball is struck.
Offside: A player is in an offside position if three conditions are met: first, the player must be in the opposing team's half of the field. Second, the player must be in front of the ball. And third, there must be fewer than two opposing players between him and the opposing goal line, with the goalkeeper counting as an opposing player for these purposes. It is not necessary that the goalkeeper be one of the last two opponents. Any attacker that is level with or behind the ball is not in an offside position and may never be sanctioned for an offside offense.
Throw-in: a throw in is awarded when the football has gone over the boundary lines. Which ever team kicks the ball off the field, the other one receives a throw in. This is the only time an outfielding player can touch the ball with their hands.
Free Kick: A direct free kick is awarded when a player commits a deliberate foul outside of the penalty box. However, if the offense was committed by the defending team within their own penalty area, the kick becomes a penalty kick. An indirect free kick is where you cant shoot from the freekick, but you can set up a goal from it. This is usually awarded when the referee stops play for an injury.
Dangerous play: It occurs when the referee determines a player did something that is unsafe to himself or another player. Even trying to play a ball from the ground while being around another player is a dangerous play.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct: this is when yellow/red cards are given out. Usually through a dodgy foul or foul language. Or just being immature like throwing the ball away when the opposing team wins a free kicks.
Etiquette, equipment, facilities & scoring systems
Football players usually kick the ball out of play if another player is injured so that they can get treatment. The team that kicked the ball out, then get it back to throw in when play restarts. This is known as etiquette. Players are meant to respect the referee and opposing players.
The attire for football is usually your football teams kit which is; club shirt, club shorts and club socks, but you then have supply your own shin pads to protect your shines, and also football boots; either blades or molded blades. You cant wear and head gear or jewelery.
The facilities/equipment needed for football are; the length of a pitch must be between 100 yards (90m) and 130 yards (120m) and the width not less than 50 yards (45m) and not more than 100 yards (90m). There must be two goals at the end of each half with two nets in. The outline of the pitch must be printed in white. Also 4 corner flags.
The main equipment for a football match is a football, a watch to keep track of the time, and a scoring device, which in a professional game would be a scoreboard and in an amateur game a referee would keep track of the score.
The typical Dodgeball court is slightly larger larger than a Volleyball court, with a centre line and sidelines.
There are 6 Balls, split into 2 even groups on the centre line.
During the opening rush (when the game starts) you may only grab the balls on your right.
If you ever touch a sideline or the centre line, you are out.
If a ball thrown by the opponents hits you before it touches anything other than you, you are out. You may block with a ball, but if you drop the blocking ball while in the act of blocking, you are out. If you fail to make a clean block (as in the thrown ball still ends up hitting you after the attempted block), you are out.
If you throw a ball and it is caught by an opponent, you are out.
If you are out, line up on the side in the order you got out (think of it as being in an “resurrection” line).
If you make a catch, the person who threw it is out and the player at the start of your team’s “resurrection” line gets to come back into play (the
teammate must be in the line at the time of the catch to be eligible to be brought back in).
If you get caught back in, you must touch the wall before doing anything else.
You can’t hold a ball for more than 10 seconds, if you do it must be rolled over to the other team immediately or risk being called out
The etiquette: simple etiquette for dodgeball is to not argue with the referee and to respect your teammates. Headshots are allowed but as part of etiquette you're no meant to aim for the head.
Equipment: 6 official Dodgeball UK dodgeballs; 4 of 8” diameter, and two small spongier balls which only the female team members may throw.
Players: its a 6v6 with 2 females in each team. With 4 substitutes per side.
Facilities: The court is divided into two 30' X 30' areas, with a 4' X 30' neutral zone located at center court separating the two sides, an attack line located parallel and 10' from the center line, for a total court length of 60' from endline to endline, and a total width of 30' from sideline to sideline. Dodgeball is usually played indoors as its best to have a couple of walls.
Scoring systems: Simple, the first team to get all of the opposition's team out
A dodgeball referee usually wears a striped black and white shirt with a black cap, black shorts, blacks sock and also black shoes.
the referees job in dogeball is to: look if a player crossed the center line, to signal if a person is out (got hit by a ball), to signal if a person is out ( the opposing team caught a thrown ball)
There is also an assistant referee who overlooks and helps the referee on decisions. Both referee's will maintain the safety and relationships of the players and will signal (by blowing there whistle) any fouls. They make sure that when a player is hit the leave the court and go to the designated area.
1. The two teams that play shall referee the next match, and set up the balls on the court.
2. Calling the opening rush (3-2-1-Dodgeball!) and making sure balls touch the wall.
3. Counting players down when they are holding the ball for too long, and announcing when counted-down balls are ‘dead’.
4. Counting down ten seconds when only one player is remaining from each team to initiate a showdown.
5. Making sure eliminated players are lined up in the correct order and that players returning to the game come back in the order of first out, first in.
6. Calling players out when they have been hit and do not leave the court/Keeping players in the game when they mistakenly think they have been hit.
8. Ensuring players do not cross over the boundaries or step on or over the center line.
9. Pausing the game to settle on-court altercations and disagreements.
10. Assist in moving dead balls to the appropriate sides.