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Lewis and Clark
Transcript of Lewis and Clark
Who lived there?
What was the land like?
Could the Missouri River lead to a water route to the Pacific Ocean?
The only way to answer these questions is to send an expedition to the new land.
Lewis and Clark
An army captain and private secretary to the President who lead the expedtion.
Accepted the invitation in 1803 to serve as co-leader of the expedition. Clark studied astronomy and map-making for several months.
3 Goals for the Expedition
1. Search for a water route to the Pacific Ocean.
2. Establish relationships with Native American they meet.
3. Pay close attention to the soil and face of the country and to keep careful written journals of their findings.
May 1804, Lewis and Clark and other members of the expeditions set out westward from St. Louis, Missouri, along the Missouri River.
The expedition included soldiers, river boatmen, hunters, and Clark's slave and childhood friend York.
Three boats carried expedition members, equipment, and supplies. They did not know it then, but they would not return for another 28 months.
Accordingly, by November, the expedition made plans to spend the season among the Mandan Indians along the Missouri River. For protection, in true military fashion, they constructed Fort Mandan.
During their first winter, they hired a French Canadian fur trapper and his Shoshone wife, Sacagawea, to act as interpreters and guides.
Sacagawea helped them establish good relations with Native Americans along the way. She carried a baby on her back signaled the peaceful purposes of the expedition.
When spring came and the ice on the Missouri melted, the Corps made preparations to continue its journey. The group left the fort on April 7. Here came an historic parting of the ways for the members of the expedition: Some would continue the voyage to the ocean, while others would return downstream to St. Louis with the information they had gathered thus far.
On Sunday, August 11, 1805, he caught sight of the first Shoshone warrior. Meeting the Shoshone, the expedition found itself in a tense situation.
The tension evaporated when, on August 17, Clark, in command of the rear detachment, came up with Sacagawea. Sacagawea embraced the chief, who was himself moved by the reunion, for Sacagawea was his long-lost sister.
The Expedition finally reaches the Pacific Ocean, November 1805.
After spending nearly a month exploring the coastal plain and the Indians who dwelt along the Pacific rim, the time came to plan once more for winter quarters. Building Fort Clatsop commenced on December 8. It was completed in time to celebrate Christmas,
Now it was time for the Corps to begin the long march home, they left the Pacific on March 23, 1806.
The Corps descended the Mississippi to St. Louis, where it arrived at noon on September 23, 1806, and received a hearty welcome from the whole town. The long march of Lewis and Clark was over.