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Social Studies Mesopotamia
Transcript of Social Studies Mesopotamia
Inventions The Ancient Mesopotamian's have contributed to the modern world in many ways. The most important however is there many inventions. They created the wheel, the sail and boat, bricks, writing, etc. Because of the sheer amounts of inventions in the Mesopotamian area, it was one of the best and most modern civilizations of its time. One of the most important inventions that the Mesopotamians made is the wheel and axle. They wheel was probably invented in the 5th millennium B.C. The wheel and axle allowed the people of Mesopotamia to travel with their goods to places. It also started the want for more inventions. The Ancient Mesopotamians also invented time increments. This allowed them to to keep track of when things happened. The time increments are the modern day time, 60 minutes in an hour, 24 hours in a day, 365 days in a year. Lastly the people of Mesopotamia invented writing. They did this to keep track of events and money. Writing was the biggest and best invention of the Mesopotamians. It revolutionized the ancient world and the modern world. The wheel was invented by 6 steps. They were: This is how scientists think the wheel was invented. It is unknown how it was really invented. This is the very basics for the wheel. It was later improved to roll better The wheel greatly affected the culture of Mesopotamia. When most people think of the wheel they think of the wheel and axle. It is true that it made traveling with goods much easier, due to the ability to roll the goods, but it also allowed for the potter wheel, and other craft utensils. This is a picture of how a wheel and axle works. I'm pretty sure you know how it works, so I won't talk anymore about it. This is an example of a plow. The seeder plow, invented by the Mesopotamians, was a major technological achievement. It revolutionized agriculture by carrying out the tasks of seeding and plowing simultaneously. Seed was dropped down the middle funnel into the furrow that the plow created. The ancient Mesopotamians believed that the god Enlil created the seeder plow and that the image of the plow could also be seen in the stars. The Mesopotamians invented time increments by the stars. Scholars spent years studying the stars and there movements, until they figured out that they had a pattern. They studied this to invent time increments. They used the same pattern that we do modern day: 60 minutes in an hour, 24 hours in a day, and 365 days is a year. They figured this out by recognizing how the stars were shaped, then tracking those shapes. They called the shapes constellations, just as we call them today, and believed that the constellations had myths behind them. To them time is the same as astronomy (they called is astrology) To them time was the same as Astronomy (They called it Astrology) Time affected the culture of Mesopotamia in may ways. First of all, it allowed people to keep track of time. Before that, people would just "live in the now". Also it allowed scribes to keep records of when things happened, allowing scholars to look for patterns in the events. This is a picture of am old clock. The people of Mesopotamia most likely didn't have "clock" they probably had a sundial. This is a picture of typical cuneiform. The plow works by having an ox pull the plow. Then a person is pushing down on the plow, indenting the soil. While doing this, a second person pours seeds down a tube attached to the plow, seeding the land. They did this multiple times in rows, creating plowed land to farm in. The plow allowed people to settle down and stop hunting. When they had the plow they could grow food to be used to either eat or to sell. Also when farming became they could use irrigation from the Euphrates and Tigris for water. The plow made farming easier and made it an option for a job other than hunting. Writing was invented by the need to keep track of information. It started out as pictures representing what they meant.People then realized it took too long to write, so they shortened the pictures to symbols called cuneiform. The people wrote on wet clay tablets with a "stylus", which was a cut reed. After they wrote what they wanted, they fired the clay to make it permanent. Writing affected Mesopotamia in a multitude of ways. One being that people now had written laws. this allowed for a stronger government, and more fair justice. Also people now could keep track of events, and predict when events will happen, such as a flood. Lastly, writing allowed for taxes to be kept track of, and for debt to happen. The End Made by: Connor Stadler and Matt Ahlers