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Puerto Rico

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by

Danielle Sunshine

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Puerto Rico

Major Cities
The three Major Cities are:
San Juan
Bayamon
Carolina
Capital
Area
The area of is 5,324 sq.miles and 13,790 sq.kilometers
Population
Population: 3,620,897
Population Growth Rate: -.65%
Urban Population:99%
mORE ABOUT poPULATION
About 76 percent of Puerto Rico's population is of Hispanic orgin, another 7 percent is African American, and others have a mixed Spanish, African, and Taino heritage. The effects of the different cultures can be seen in the island's music,arts food,and tradition. About one-third of the population lives in the greater area of San Juan, which includes Bayamon and Carolina. Roughly 1.5 million Puerto Ricans live in the United States, many in New York City, a destination for emigrants. Migration rates generally fluctuate relative to the strength of the U.S economy. People tend to emigrate when there are better work opportunities on the mainland.
Government
Puerto rico is apart of the United States so it is a democracy.
Head of State: Barack Obama
Head of Government: Garcia Padilla
Puerto Rico
by: Dani B.

The beautiful city of San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico.
San Juan
San Juan
Carolina
Bayamon
Barack Obama
Garcia Padilla
Food!!!

The best part of the presentation!!!!! :)
Asopao
Asopao de Pollo

· 1-1/2 cup short-grained rice
· 3 garlic cloves, pressed
· 2 peppercorns
· 2 medium onions, peeled
· 2 sweet chili or banana peppers
· 4-6 culantro leaves or 6-8 sprigs of cilantro
· 2-1/2 teaspoon salt
· 3 tablespoons plus one teaspoon olive oil
· 1 whole chicken cut into pieces
· 1/2 teaspoon oregano
· 1/2 cup tomato sauce
· 8 cups water or chicken stock
· 1 cup of frozen sweet peas
· 1 4-ounce can of whole, roasted pimento peppers, sliced
· 1 can asparagus tips

Rub the chicken with salt, pepper and oregano and one teaspoon olive oil and set aside for 30 minutes. In the blender, purée the garlic, onions, peppercorns, chili peppers culantro and sweet peppers, with the remaining olive oil. In a large caldero sauté the sofrito purée for 5 minutes over medium-low heat. Brown the chicken pieces to seal in their flavor. Add the tomato sauce and the chicken stock or water to the chicken and bring to a boil. Cover, reduce heat and simmer for 10-15 minutes. Rinse the rice under cool running water until it runs clear. Drain the rice and stir into the soup pot. Raise the heat and bring to a boil once more. Reduce heat to medium and cook uncovered for 20 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add the peas and cook for an additional 5-10 minutes or until the asopao is as liquid or dry as you prefer. Heat the sliced pimentos and the asparagus in their juices. Drain and use to garnish each plate of asopao. (Serves 6)

Serve with tostones….

Asopao
Arroz Con Pollo


Ingredients
•8 bone-in, skin-on chicken thighs (about 2 pounds), rinsed and patted dry
•Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
•3 tablespoons olive oil
•1 yellow onion, finely chopped
•1 green bell pepper, cored, seeded, and chopped
•3 jarred piquillo peppers, sealed and chopped, or 1 red bell pepper, cored, seeded, and chopped
•3 garlic cloves, chopped
•2 Roma (plum) tomatoes, halved, seeded, and chopped
•1/2 teaspoon ground Espelette pepper, cayenne pepper, or hot paprika
•2 bay leaves
•2 tablespoons tomato paste
•1 cup basmati rice
•1 small packet (1 1/4 teaspoons) Sazón seasoning
•1/2 teaspoon saffron threads
•3 cups store-bought low-sodium broth
•Hot sauce, such as Crystal, to taste
•2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro
•2 tablespoons chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley
•1 cup plain whole-milk yogurt for serving
•Lime zest (optional)


Preparation

1. Season the chicken on both sides with salt and pepper. In a large straight-sided skillet, heat the oil over medium-high heat until rippling. Sear the chicken thighs, turning once, until golden brown, 8 to 10 minutes per side. Transfer to a plate and set aside.

2. Drain half the oil from the pan and return the pan to the heat. Add the onion, bell pepper, piquillos, garlic, tomatoes, Espelette, and bay leaves and cook, stirring, until the onion begins to brown, 6 to 8 minutes. Stir in the tomato paste and cook, stirring, until it begins to caramelize, 3 to 4 minutes.

3. Add the rice, Sazón, and saffron and cook, stirring, for 2 to 3 minutes. Pour in the chicken stock, season with salt, pepper, and hot sauce, stir, and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to maintain a simmer and nestle the chicken thighs skin side up in the rice. (Try not to submerge the skin, so it stays crisp as the rice cooks.) Cook, partially covered, until the rice has absorbed the liquid and the chicken is cooked through, 25 to 30 minutes. If the chicken skin is not crisp, place the pan under a hot broiler until the chicken is crispy and golden brown on top.

4. To serve, remove the bay leaves, sprinkle the cilantro and parsley over the rice, and gently stir to incorporate. Serve directly from the pan, with the yogurt sprinkled with lime zest and the bottle of hot sauce on the side.

Arroz Con Pollo
Languages
Spanish and English share official status in Puerto Rico. For a short time in the early 1990s, Spanish was declared the only official language, but English has since regained equal status.
Flan
1 cup sugar
6 large eggs
1 14-oz can sweetened condensed milk
2 13-oz cans evaporated milk
1 tb vanilla

Preheat oven to 350°. Prepare bain-Marie and caramelize the mold as per instructions at the top of this page.

Mix eggs with an electric mixer. Add the rest of the ingredients. Blend smooth but do not over mix. Pour custard into caramelized mold, cover with foil, and sit in the baño de María. Then pour hot water into the baño and into the oven for 1 to 1½ hours until done and knife comes clean








Flan
Pina Colada cake
Piña Colada Cake
Moist, delicious and easy

1 box yellow cake mix
1 box instant vanilla pudding & pie filling mix
1 can Coco López Cream of Coconut
½ cup plus 2 tablespoons Puerto Rican rum
1/3 cup cup vegetable oil
4 eggs
1 can crushed pineapple, well drained

*Garnish with any of these. . . whipped cream, pineapple slices, maraschino cherries, or and toasted coconut.

Mix the cream of coconut and rum together and set aside.

Preheat oven to 350º. In a large mixing bowl, combine cake mix, pudding mix, ½ the coconut cream and rum mixture, oil, and eggs. Beat on medium speed for about 2 minutes. Stir in the drained pineapple. Pour into a well greased and floured 10-inch bundt pan. Bake for 50-55 minutes. Cool slightly.

Spread some of the remaining cream of coconut and rum mixture on the surface of the cake (which is the bottom of the cake) before taking the cake out of the pan. Remove from pan and using a table knife, skewer, or ice pick poke holes about 1 inch apart in cake almost to bottom. Brush the cake heavily with the remaining coconut cream and rum mixture. Brush some all around the outside of the cake and heavy on top.

Chill thoroughly then garnish. Store in refrigerator.

Pina Colada Cake
Languages
Spanish and English share official status in Puerto Rico. For a short time in the 1900s, Spanish was declared the only official language, but English has since regained equal status. Spanish is the language of school instuction and daily life. English is required as a second language in a school and is used in business. Most people can speak English to some extent . The official staus of either language often depends on the political climate surrounding Puerto Rico's relationship with the Unites States. The close relationship Puerto Rico shares with both the United States and English has led people to mix many English words with spoken Spanish. Locally, people call this mixed speech Spanglish, and it is a comfortable, informal method of communication.
Currency
Puerto Rico uses the U.S dollar.
Education
Education is highly valued and the school system is continually improving. Primary and secondary schooling are the same as in the United States. Children begin Kindergarden at age five or six. A high school diploma, earned upon completion of the 12th grade, is neccesary to get a good job for college.
Land
Puerto Rico is about the size of Montenegro or as U.S. states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined. It's territory includes the islands of Culebra, Vieques, Desecheo, and Mona. The waters between Isla Mona and the capital, San Juan, form a key shipping lane for vessels heading to the Panama Canal. San Juan has one of the Caribbean's best natural ports. The Puerto Rico is characterized by the Cordillera Central ( a high central mountain range), a dry southern coast , fertile northern coastal plains, low eastern mountains, and El Yunque rain forest. Relatively little land, roughly 7%, is available for cultivation. The plains are densely populated.



Climate
Puerto Rico's climate is mildly tropical, with warm and sunny weather. Rain falls mainly between May and December; it is moderate in coastal regions and heavier in the mountains. The island is often affected by excessive rains that accompany regional storms. Temperatures average 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit year round . Several destructive hurricanes have hit the island.
Clothes
Puerto Ricans take great pride in what they wear in public. Young people favor popular North American fashions and sporty styles. Because of the warm climate, people tend to prefer lightweight fabrics. Jeans are popular at all age levels for informal activities and outdoor work. Tennis shoes and sandals are the most commonly worn footwear. People living in interior towns may wear sweaters and jackets during winter months, as nightime temperautres can be cool. Shorts are acceptable causal wear. However, for most parties and sociaal gatherings more formal clothing is expected.
Health
A network of urban and rural health care centers and four medical schools ( one public and three private) serve Puerto Rico's needs. The system of health care is similar to that in the United States, although people are not always eligible for the same federal funds.
Transportation
Roads generally are in good condition, and most families have at least one car. Buses and taxis are available in large urban areas. Publicos serve most of the island. These large cars, fitting as many as six passengers, travel from each terminal to a fixed destination ( with no stops in between). Air service operates domestictally and internationally.
Religions
Roman Catholicism is a major Christian religion in Puerto Rico and claims about 85% of the population as members. Most of the remainder belong to various Protestant and other Christian churches, and their numbers are growing. Although there is a separation of church and state traditions and customs prevail among the people. Puerto Ricans consider themselves religious and often attribute their good fortunes to Deity.
Landmarks
Some Major landmarks are:
El Morro
Iglesia Porta Coeli
Castillo San Felipe del Morro
Iglesia Porta Coeli
El Morro
Castillo San Felipe del Morro


The creature known as El Chupacabra has been terrorizing Puerto Rico, South America, and even parts of the U.S., for quite some time now. Chupacabra means "goat-sucker," and this monster is known for sucking the blood of goats and other animals, leaving nothing but a carcass and two small puncture wounds to mark its deadly presence.

Opinions vary as to what the creature's physical description and origins are. Some say it's gren, others believe it is gray; some belive it has have wings, others are convinced it's an alien that landed in Puerto Rico. Even "The X-Files" featured it in one of their shows. It's a character shrouded in mystery, but even National Geographic has come down to investigate the Chupacabra.

El Chupacabra
General Attitudes
Puerto Ricans are sensitive people, quick to express sympathy and equally quick to resent a slight. They are gregarious and fond of fiestas. The Puerto Ricans will stop everything they are doing to visit, even if they have other commitments. They admire people who are intelligent, hardworking, dedicated, and humble. Puerto Ricans consider open criticism, aggressiveness, and greed offensive. Many believe a person's destiny will, although individuals must also watch for opportunities.
Customs and Courtesies
Greetings
People usually shake hands when greeting. Close friends often greet by grasping shoulders and kissing each other on the cheek. Woman normally kiss women or men in this manner, but men do not greet other men this way. However, men may embrace a good friend or relative after a long absence. Pople stand very close when talking, and females often touch each other with their hands. Moving away, even slightly, may be considered an insult.
Gestures
One beckons by waving fingers with the palm down; beckoning people with the palm facing up is improper. Wiggling the nose is a way of asking " What's going on"? To point, people often purse or pucker their lips in the direction they are indicating. During conversation, Puerto Ricans might interrupt each generally is not consideredx rude. Nonverbal forms of communication, such as a hand movements and facial expressions, are very important. Although peers may tease each otherin informal situations, such joking is not appropiate in formal settings.
More Gestures
A person can get another's attention by saying"psssst." This is common and not rude, but if a man does it to a woman, she will usually ignore him. Men often smile n, but is it considered improper for a woman to smile indiscriminately at strangers. It is appropriate for a man to offer his seat to a woman on public transportation. On longer trips, people often share food, and refusing such an offer is impolite.
Holidays
Puerto Ricans celebrate New Year's Day as a parhristmas season. The seasons ends with the Day of the Three Kings ( 6 Jan.), when each child recieves a gift. Puerto Rico celebrates both local and U.S. national holidays. Holidays include:the Birth of Eugenio Maria de Hostos ( 11 Jan.), Martin LJr.'s Birthday ( second Monday in January), Presidents' Day ( third Monday in Febuary), the Abolition of Slavery ( 22 Mar. ), Easter 9 including (Good Friday), Jose de Diego's Birthday ( third Monday in April), Memorial Day ( last Monday in May), U.S. Independaence Day (4th of July), Luis Munoz Rivera's Day ( 17 July), Constitution Day ( 25 Celso Barbosa's Birthday ( 28 July), Labor Day ( first Monday in September), All Souls Day ( 2 No.), Discovery of Puerto Rico Day (19 Nov.), Thanksgiving (26 Nov.), Christmas (25 Dec.),

What to do In Puerto Rico
You can go to:
Bioluminescent Mosquito Bay (Vieques)!!

Bibliography
U.S. News Travel
About travel
You tube
Welcome to Puerto Rico
USA TODAY
CultureGrams
Dating and Marriage
Teens begin dating in groups but eventually pair off into boyfriend and girlfriend relationships. Dates may include going to the movies or on a picnic, dancing, or spending time at the beach , the relationship usually does not become serious until the young man has met the young woman's parents.
More on Dating and Marriage
Early dating leads some Puerto Ricans to marry either formally or in a common-law partner ship, at an early age (16-17). The majority of young woman prefer marriage at a young age to single motherhood. However, an increasing emphassis on formal education has resulted in more Puerto Ricans marrying at a later age (19-21).
Even more on Marriage
Whether a marriage is performed by a judge or in a church ,a wedding is time for a great celebration and family gatherings. Families spend large amounts of money on decorations, food, and music, both traditional and modern.
Thank you!!!!
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