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Love and Relationships - AQA GCSE Poetry Cluster

Work in process :)

Sarah Stevens

on 29 April 2017

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Transcript of Love and Relationships - AQA GCSE Poetry Cluster


When we two parted
Main Themes:
Love and loss
What the poem is About:
The narrator recalls the day he and his lover parted. It is evident the narrator took the sadness he felt then as foreshadowing for the sadness he feels at present.
The narrator is angered by the women's lack of affection for him.
Although time has passed, the narrator is still love-sick, and he feels if he met her again he would act the same as when they parted.
The poem has a formal structure (four eight-line stanzas) rhythm (which emphasizes certain syllables e.g. "cold" and "kiss" in line 6) and rhyme (ABAB).
The poem travels between the past, present and future to show that there's no difference in the pain the narrator feels.
Imagery of death - the relationship is described to have died. The is reinforced with the imagery of coldness.
Imagery of secrecy and silence compared to the "knell" of the narrator's lover's name.
Strong feeling of regret - he regrets the relationship because he has suffered a lot.
Form, Imagery, Setting etc:
Failed Relationship

WHEN we two parted
In silence and tears,
Half broken-hearted
To sever for years,
Pale grew thy cheek and cold,
Colder thy kiss;
Truly that hour foretold
Sorrow to this.

The dew of the morning
Sunk chill on my brow—
It felt like the warning
Of what I feel now.
Thy vows are all broken,
And light is thy fame:
I hear thy name spoken,
And share in its shame.

They name thee before me,
A knell to mine ear;
A shudder comes o'er me—
Why wert thou so dear?
They know not I knew thee,
Who knew thee too well:
Long, long shall I rue thee,
Too deeply to tell.

In silence we met -
In silence I grieve,
That thy heart could forget,
Thy spirit deceive.
If I should meet thee
After long years,
How should I greet thee?
With silence and tears.
Love's Philosophy
Main Themes:
What the poem is about:
Form, Imagery, Setting ETC:
The fountains mingle with the river
And the rivers with the ocean,
The winds of heaven mix for ever
With a sweet emotion;
Nothing in the world is single;
All things by a law divine
In one spirit meet and mingle.
Why not I with thine?—

See the mountains kiss high heaven
And the waves clasp one another;
No sister-flower would be forgiven
If it disdained its brother;
And the sunlight clasps the earth
And the moonbeams kiss the sea:
What is all this sweet work worth
If thou kiss not me?
Persuasive Lover
Neutral Tones
- affected by a painful memory of losing his lover, and expresses this in terms of death.
Walking Away
- Comes to terms with a painful memory
Winter Swans
- Starts with conflict and a failed relationship but ends with reconciliation.
Porphyria's Lover
- desire and frustration for keeping a lover in a moment, and wanting to have a relationship.
The Farmer's Bride
- Desire and frustration and a fake relationship
Winter Swans -
Uses natural imagery to express love. Nature shows reasons for them to get back together.
"Mingle", "Mix", "Clasp/s"
"Nothing in the world is single"
"And the sunlight clasps the earth, and the moonbeams kiss the sea"
"The winds of Heaven mix"
"What are all these kisses worth, if thou kiss not me?"
"When we two parted In silence and tears"
"Half broken-hearted"
"It felt like a warning Of what I feel now"
"A knell in mine ear"
"Long, long shall I rue thee"
"In silence I grieve"
"Thy spirit deceive"
Porphyria's Lover
SONNET 29 - "I think of thee"
Neutral Tones
Letters from Yorkshire
The Farmer's Bride
WAlking Away
Mother, Any Distance
Before you were mine
Singh Song!
Climbing my Grandfather
"The sullen wind...tore the elm-tops down for spite"
"glided in Porphyria"
"When no voice relpied, She put my arm about her waist"
"her yellow hair" x2
"at last I knew Porphyria worshipped me"
"While I debated what to do"
"That moment she was mine, mine"
"And strangled her."
"As a shut bud that holds a bee"
"It" "It's"
"She guessed not how her darling one wish would be heard"
"my thoughts do twine and bud about thee"
"wild vines"
"broad leaves"
"there's nought to see"
"O my palm tree"
"straggling green which hides the woods"
"bands of greenery which inspheres thee"
" - burst, shattered, everywhere"
"The sun was white as though chidden by God."
"starving sod"
"fallen from an ash and were grey"
"some words played between us to and fro"
"Smile...the deadest thing"
"Grin of bitterness swept thereby like an ominous bird a wing."
"keen lessons that love decieves"
"wrings of wrong have shaped to me"
"God-curst sun".
"planting potatoes"
"his knucles singing
as they reddened in thge warmth"
"It's not romance, simply how things are"
"seeing the seasons"
"heartful of headlines"
"feeding words onto a blank screen"
"because you dig and sow?
You wouldn't say so"
"that other world"
"Pouring air and light into an envelope"
"Souls tap out messages across the icy miles"
"but ven nobody ub, I do di lock - "
"vee share in chapatti"
"in did worst Indian shop
on di worst Indian road"
"on di web is playing wid di mouse... Sikh lover site"
"my bride" x3
"in all di colours of Punjabi"
"tiny eyes ov a gun
and di tummy ov a teddy"
"Whispering stairs"
"silver stool"
"Is priceless baby -"
"Too young maybe - but there's more to do at harvest time."
"Her smile went out"
"Twasn't a woman"
"Little frightend fay"
"Should properly have been abed"
"wide brown stare"
"We chased her, flying like a hair."
"so long as menfolk keep away."
"To her wild self. But what to me?"
"One leaf"
"Some other in the house than we"
"Oh! my God!"
"Tis but a stair betwixt us."
"The soft young down of her, the brown, the brown of her"
"two days of rain"
"waterlogged earth gulping for breath"
"silent and apart"
"a show of tipping in unison"
"halved themselves"
"boats righting in rough water"
" "They mate for life" "
"slow-stepping in the lake's shingle and sand"
"our hand, that had, somehow, swum the distance between us"
"like a pair of wings setting after flight"
“Like a satellite wrenched from its orbit, do
drifting away”
“pathos of a half-fledged thing set free into a / wilderness”
“hesitant figure”
“eddying away like a winged seed loosened / from its parents stem”
“the small, the scorching Ordeals which fire / ones irresolute clay”
“gnaws at my mind”
“selfhood begins with a walking away”
“love is proved in the letting go"
The narrator is trying to convince his lover that they should be together because everything else in the world is.
It's about him dealing with his unrequited love.
Shelly uses natural imagery to make being together seem like the natural thing to do.
The natural world is personified to be together, which relates to the theme of religion in this poem as nautre is beleived by the speaker to be God's creation.
Longing vs Playfulness - The word "Philosophy" makes the reader think there is going to be deep thought - whilst the poem is structured in a similar way (using examples to back up his point) - Shelly oversimplifies his points to put across his point of view that he and the woman he wants should come together.
There are no caesuras, and lots of enjambment used to show how everything flows and leads to each other.
Main Themes:
What the poem is about:
Form, Imagery, Setting ETC:
Destuctive Love
The Farmer's Bride
- destructive love and poor treatment of women
Love's Philosophy
- desire and frustration of the speaker.
Sonnet 29
- The Dangers of Obsession
The rain set early in to-night,
The sullen wind was soon awake,
It tore the elm-tops down for spite,
And did its worst to vex the lake:
I listened with heart fit to break.
When glided in Porphyria; straight
She shut the cold out and the storm,
And kneeled and made the cheerless grate
Blaze up, and all the cottage warm;
Which done, she rose, and from her form
Withdrew the dripping cloak and shawl,
And laid her soiled gloves by, untied
Her hat and let the damp hair fall,
And, last, she sat down by my side
And called me. When no voice replied,
She put my arm about her waist,
And made her smooth white shoulder bare,
And all her yellow hair displaced,
And, stooping, made my cheek lie there,
And spread, o'er all, her yellow hair,
Murmuring how she loved me — she
Too weak, for all her heart's endeavour,
To set its struggling passion free
From pride, and vainer ties dissever,
And give herself to me for ever.
But passion sometimes would prevail,
Nor could to-night's gay feast restrain
A sudden thought of one so pale
For love of her, and all in vain:
So, she was come through wind and rain.
Be sure I looked up at her eyes
Happy and proud; at last I knew
Porphyria worshipped me; surprise
Made my heart swell, and still it grew
While I debated what to do.
That moment she was mine, mine, fair,
Perfectly pure and good: I found
A thing to do, and all her hair
In one long yellow string I wound
Three times her little throat around,
And strangled her. No pain felt she;
I am quite sure she felt no pain.
As a shut bud that holds a bee,
I warily oped her lids: again
Laughed the blue eyes without a stain.
And I untightened next the tress
About her neck; her cheek once more
Blushed bright beneath my burning kiss:
I propped her head up as before,
Only, this time my shoulder bore
Her head, which droops upon it still:
The smiling rosy little head,
So glad it has its utmost will,
That all it scorned at once is fled,
And I, its love, am gained instead!
Porphyria's love: she guessed not how
Her darling one wish would be heard.
And thus we sit together now,
And all night long we have not stirred,
And yet God has not said a word!
The poem is a narrative of a murder.
On a stormy night the narrator is sitting alone in a cold and dark cottage, the woman he loves, Porphyria, arrives and sits beside him.
She tells him she loves him and rests her head on his shoulder, arranging his arm around her waist.
He is delighted to discover this, and to make that moment last forever, he decides to kill her, strangling her with her own hair.
When she is dead he props her up on his shoulder in the same position as before. There they sit for the whole night.
A dramatic monologue - we only get the perspective of psychotic speaker.
The outside world is used as pathetic fallacy for the speaker's internal, disturbed and violent thoughts.
The regular rhyme scheme shows how the speaker adopts a logical, orderly emotional state, to mask his state of mind.
The regular rhythm is disrupted at key moments to draw the reader's attention.
The Enjambment used suggests the fragmented though process of the speaker.
The relgious imagery at the end - shows the speaker's twisted glee at getting away with murder at the end. He shows no remorse or guilt.
Power - once the speaker realises he's got power over Porphyria - he murders her to keep that moment forever.
Main Themes:
What the poem is about:
Form, Imagery, Setting ETC:
Romantic Love - it's writtien in the first person which makes it highly personal.
It's a fierce, passionate and excited declaration of the speaker's love.
The Central Image the palm tree and vines are used as an extended metaphor for the speaker's thoughts.
The ideas are logically portrayed in the structure of a sonnet. There is a realisation of the negatives of obsession.
The Enjambment shows the ceaseless flow of love from the speaker to the lover.
Singh Song!
- fulfilment in relationships
Winter Swans
- fulfilment in relationships and natural imagery.
Love's Philosophy
- longing for their lover.
I think of thee!—my thoughts do twine and bud
About thee, as wild vines, about a tree,
Put out broad leaves, and soon there 's nought to see
Except the straggling green which hides the wood.
Yet, O my palm-tree, be it understood
I will not have my thoughts instead of thee
Who art dearer, better! Rather, instantly
Renew thy presence; as a strong tree should,
Rustle thy boughs and set thy trunk all bare,
And let these bands of greenery which insphere thee
Drop heavily down,—burst, shattered, everywhere!
Because, in this deep joy to see and hear thee
And breathe within thy shadow a new air,
I do not think of thee—I am too near thee.
This is about Browning's intense love for her partner when she isn't with him
She expresses worry over her obsessive thoughts, but beleives the solution to be being with him.
The extened metaphor is of her "wild vines" covering the tree - her lover.
We stood by a pond that winter day,
And the sun was white, as though chidden of God,
And a few leaves lay on the starving sod;
– They had fallen from an ash, and were gray.

Your eyes on me were as eyes that rove
Over tedious riddles of years ago;
And some words played between us to and fro
On which lost the more by our love.

The smile on your mouth was the deadest thing
Alive enough to have strength to die;
And a grin of bitterness swept thereby
Like an ominous bird a-wing….

Since then, keen lessons that love deceives,
And wrings with wrong, have shaped to me
Your face, and the God curst sun, and a tree,
And a pond edged with grayish leaves.
Main Themes:
Love and loss
When we two parted
- experience of loss and failed relationships - still effects them.
Sonnet 29
- Use of natural imagery
Winter Swans
- Use of winter, natural imagery, but reconciliation in the end.

What the poem is about:
Form, Imagery, Setting ETC:
The speaker is reflecting back on a particular moment in his life when he realised that his relationship was toxic and the love had died between them.

The consideration of the speaker's feelings about this moment are pessimistic, and they shape the negative natural imagery in the world around him.
The poem consists of four stanzas, with a regular rhyme scheme of abba. The straightforwards structure supports the idea of a "neutral" telling of the tale.
There is a cyclical structure of the imagery of the "sun" and "pond" - it could show how the speaker still feels angry/hasn't come to terms with the end of the relationship.
Natural imagery is used by Hardy to reflect the speaker's bad experiences in the relationship. - The toxicity of their relationship has spread into his view of the natural world.
Neutral/Bland descriptions and pessimism - there is lots of imagery drained of colour and life, but despite the title's claims, the speaker is still quite passionate and angry about his feelings towards the woman.
The alliteration of harsh sounds make the tone cold, but also show the reader the speaker's pain during the relationship.
Main Themes:
What the poem is about:
Form, Imagery, Setting ETC:
Strong bond
Family love
• “waiting for me somewhere beyond Eden Rock”
• “same suit…still”
• “hair, the colour of wheat, takes on the light”
• “three cups”
• “whitens as if lit by three suns”
• “drifted stream”
• “Leisurely, they beckon me”
• “Crossing is not as hard as you think”
• “I had not thought it would be like this”

• “shoulders globed like a full sail strung”
• “Horse strained at his clicking tongue”
• “an expert”
• “sweating team”
• “I stumbled in his hob-nailed wake”
• “polished sod”
• “rode me on his back”
• “I wanted to grow up and plow”
• “I was a nuisance, tripping, falling yapping”
• “But today It’s my father who keeps / stumbling behind me”
• “Will not go away”
• “single span”
• “second pair”
• “acres of the walls, prairies of the floor”
• “recording”, “reporting”, “back to base”
• “spool of tape”
• “feeding out, unreeling years”
• “anchor, kite”
• “space walk”
• “your fingertips still pinch the last onehundredth
of an inch…”
• “endless sky to fall or fly”

• “I’m not here yet”
• “Thousand eyes
• “fizzy, movie tomorrows the right walk / home could bring”
• “hiding for the late one. You reckon it’s worth it”
• “Loud, possessive yell”
• “Red shoes, relics”
• “ghost clatters toward me”
• “sweetheart?”
• “Stamping stars from the wrong pavement”
• “I wanted the bold girl”
• “glamorous love lasts where you sparkle and waltz and laugh”
In February, digging his garden, planting potatoes,
he saw the first lapwings return and came
indoors to write to me, his knuckles singing

as they reddened in the warmth.
It’s not romance, simply how things are.
You out there, in the cold, seeing the seasons

turning, me with my heartful of headlines
feeding words onto a blank screen.
Is your life more real because you dig and sow?

You wouldn’t say so, breaking ice on a waterbutt,
clearing a path through snow. Still, it’s you
who sends me word of that other world

pouring air and light into an envelope. So that
at night, watching the same news in different houses,
our souls tap out messages across the icy miles.
This poem deals with the complex emotions of a daughter towards her mother. The reader gets a sense that whilst the speaker is looking through her mum's photographs, she is jealous of her mother's previous lifestyle.
This poem discusses the strong family love between a grandchild and his grandfather by using the extended metaphor of the grandfather appearing to be a cold and giant mountain, but has a good heart despite his intimidating appearance.
This poem playfully discusses the unconventional relationship between the speaker and his new bride who doesn't fit with the stereotypes of Indian immigrants presented throughout the poem.

There is pride in this difference, unlike the Farmer's Bride.
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