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Accessibility presentation, HUG meeting, Winter 2016


Ruth MacMullen

on 29 April 2017

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Transcript of Accessibility presentation, HUG meeting, Winter 2016

Accessibility & Changes to the Law

Ruth MacMullen
York St John University

Heron User Group winter meeting
14 December 2016
The HE context -
funding changes
Changes to the law - domestic and international
What can we do - practical steps
Funding changes
Student choice (do students really expect to buy their own books?)

"DSAs funding is not generally available for books.

Core books are a
standard expense faced by all students
and DSAs funding is not available for core books.

If a disabled student requires access to a core book in an alternative format they should
contact the library services
at their institution to arrange for assistance.

Non-core books are
optional for students
and will not generally be considered essential for DSAs purposes.

Books will be funded where they are essential and the needs of the student cannot be met through
other solutions."
Student Finance England, 2016
"An allowance for additional textbooks so that the student may use them to implement various reading strategies, such as bookmarking and highlighting key words.
Extended library loans are useful but inadequate as substitute strategies
Student Finance England, 2013
Our legal responsibilities -
Equality Act 2010: 'ensuring that... the information is provided in an accessible format.' (s20 (6) )
York St John: 6552 students,
reporting disability (13.3%)
With three other unis:
disabled students, of which
have a SpLD or print impairment
In a nutshell...
Accessibility has become everybody's business...
if a student is disadvantaged due to waiting for accessible material then we are failing in our statutory duty to make reasonable adjustments.
Copyright law changes - UK
Copyright (Visually Impaired Persons) Act 2002
Unenforceable licensing terms...
Marrakesh Treaty, or, why are we waiting?
1st of its kind
The Copyright and Rights in Performances (Disability) Regulations 2014
‘No changes may be made to the material without the prior written consent of [name].’
International copyright treaty on accessible format copies
Covers material for VI people only
No TPM allowed to override user rights
Allows cross-border sending of copies
The political situation
88 countries have signed but only 25 ratified
What does this mean for libraries?
Depends to some extent on national laws
Our laws are already very generous
Import, export, TPMs
Growing demand
BIG increase due to DSA changes
Be aware of our disabled users and their needs
Make the information accessible
What do we need to consider?
Difference between 2014-15 and 2015-16 years
Repository for accessible copies of books: ePub, Word, PDF...
Can be requested via site or directly from publisher
HEIs can upload copies they make under UK exceptions
Accessible book chapters:
OCR, reflow, navigation
Could we use it for storing whole books made under the exceptions or CLA Licence?
Accessible at source:
ebooks and ejournals
Ebook accessibility audit
33 universities / 5 suppliers
Alistair McNaught (Jisc), Ben Watson (Kent), Sue Smith and Vicky Dobson (Leeds Beckett), Gopal Dutta (Manchester Met), Jane Cooke (Liverpool)
44 platforms and 65 publishers
280 ebooks tested
Looked at: appearance, navigation, screenreader access, images
How do they read it?
What format?
What software
What device?
Users with disabilities often bring a setup from school/college... This can help but may mean high expectations, interoperability issues
Others have a solution given to them with DSA funding, or a partial solution, relying on library/IT provision (including training) to fill in the gaps
Joined-up working more important than ever before

This presentation: http://bit.ly/HUGwinter2016MacMullen

Piggy bank, ideas and statistics icons licensed for free reuse from iconfinder.com
Acorn by Aaron Burden, CC0 from unsplash.com
Marrakech by Vaida Tamosauskaite, CC0 from unsplash.com
House of Commons Chamber by UK Parliament, used under a CC BY NC-ND 2.0 licence
Eggs by Autumn Mott, CC0 from unsplash.com
Bookshelves by Jamie Taylor, CC0 from unsplash.com
Kindle by Aliis Sinisalu, CC0 from unsplash.com
Map by Milada Vigerova, CC0 from unsplash.com
Puzzle, CC0 from pixabay.com
"Accessibility is a journey, not a destination"
VI only
Subject to licensing schemes
Limited range of works
31A - copying for personal use of a disabled person
31B - copying by authorised bodies
31BA - intermediate copies (this is where it gets interesting)
31BB - record keeping requirements
31F - definitions e.g. definition of disability is very broad
‘All persons who review a copy of the material must first purchase a print copy of said work.’
‘The copy provided may be distributed to the named disabled student only.’
UK, USA and EU have not ratified
Anti EU (directive) sentiment?
Post Brexit... Watch this space
Non-medical helper allowance - might help with locating books, scanning, printing
Laptops/PCs and peripherals
Printing allowance
Other cuts
What's an accessible copy?
Hugely individual
USUALLY digital
Easy to convert
Structured navigation, reflow, OCR, alt text for images, colour changes, screenreader access
PDFs are not great... But better than nothing
Checking for commercially available copy?
Within libraries...
Within HEIs...
And across the sector.
Full transcript