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US vs USSR Ideals

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Alvin Jo

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of US vs USSR Ideals

U.S Ideals
John F. Kennedy
Communist Manifesto
Domino Theory
Domino Theory
-Eternal Struggle between the upper and lower class
Brezhnev Doctrine
Limited satellite states' independence
-Justified USSR's invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
-Since the dawn of man, the lower class was subject to exploitation of the bourgeoisie
-Communism, remove
-Communism, remove privatization of property
Hard gained property won't be taken,
-Used to create neighboring states as buffer zones for the Soviet Union from capitalist countries
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine States: The U.S will provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations
The Soviet Union
Was interceded by the Sinatra Doctrine
Speech that President Truman gave
US Ideals
USSR Ideals
Capitalism
Different Doctrines
Communism
-Capitalism is the system of economics where people have complete control over their properties and their own businesses, where the government has little or no interference with the economy.

-Proposed by Karl Marx, Communism is an economic system and a theoretical solution to the ongoing struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, in which all private property and economic subsidies are sent to the government and distributed to the people.
Ideologies
Doctrines
United States
The Soviet Union
Domino Theory
Brezhnev Doctrine
-A theory that if one state in a region falls to communism, then the neighboring states will also succumb to the spread of communism.
-Proposed by President Dwight Eisenhower, who in an interview expressed his concern for the Indochina region.
How did the United States and Russia adopt different theories and doctrines and how did they act upon those ideals?
Truman Doctrine
-Derived from a speech by Harry Truman regarding the Greek Civil War
Application
"The U.S will provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces." -Truman Doctrine
"When forces that are hostile to socialism try to turn the development of some socialist country towards capitalism, it becomes not only a problem of the country concerned, but a common problem and concern of all socialist countries."
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
The Vietnam War
-Attempted to regain of the Afghani region, which recently changed government
-Was justified by the Brezhnev Doctrine
-Many different factors resulted in massive losses for the Russians
Wanted to maintain loyalty of surrounding satellite states by limiting the progressiveness of those states
Forced other countries to follow the Soviet Union's type of communism by threatening military jurisdiction.
-President John F. Kennedy responded to the Southern Vietnamese's call for help and sent them a letter outlining that they would send them help, as they were being oppressed by the Northern Vietnamese (communism)
Analysis
From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Prague, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow
Vietnam war ended in Communist victory
The United States helped because of the Truman Doctrine
-Both were created in order to be preemptive measures against the other sides' possible actions.
-Made to insure loyalty and alliance-ship of friendly states, as well as setting up puppet states.
Drastic measures such as war were also justified in these doctrines n order to maintain the countries' ideologies
Bibliography
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/vietnam/usgetsoutrev2.shtml

"World Socialist Movement." What Is Capitalism? –. World Socialist Movement, 8 Aug. 2006. Web. 06 May 2014. <http://www.worldsocialism.org/articles/what_is_capitalism.php>.

Clifford, John. "The Truman Doctrine." Truman Doctrine. Web. 17 May 2014. <http://www.johndclare.net/cold_war8_TrumanDoctrine.htm>.


Friedman, Michael J. "IIP Digital | U.S. Department of State." The Cold War: A Test of American Power and a Trial of Ideals. IIP Digital, 08 May 2008. Web. 07 May 2014. <http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/publication/2008/05/20080521183031wrybakcuh0.9306147.html#axzz312bdcGdE>.


"The Truman Doctrine, 1947 - 1945–1952 - Milestones - Office of the Historian." The Truman Doctrine, 1947 - 1945–1952 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2014. <http://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/truman-doctrine>.

Primary Sources

Kennedy, John F. "Kennedy to Ngo Dinh Diem." PBS. PBS. Web. 11 May 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/psources/ps_kennedy.html>

State Department. "Aggression from the North." PBS. PBS. Web. 11 May 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/psources/ps_north.html>.

"Domino Theory Principle, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954." Domino Theory Principle, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2014.

Marx, Karl, Friedrich Engels, and E. J. Hobsbawm. The Communist Manifesto: A Modern Edition. London: Verso, 1998. Print.

McGhee, James T. "Military History Online - The Soviet Experience in Afghanistan: Lessons Learned." Military History Online - The Soviet Experience in Afghanistan: Lessons Learned. Military History Online, 14 June 2008. Web. 9 May 2014.

http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Brezhnev_Doctrine

http://media.defenceindustrydaily.com/images/AIR_MI-24_lg.jpg
http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/12/29/1293637558347/Afghan-fighter-007.jpg
http://apwh.pbworks.com/f/1177352256/Brezhnev.jpg
http://ows.edb.utexas.edu/sites/default/files/users/mjoseph/viet29.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/SovietInvasionAfghanistanMap.png
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Harry_S._Truman.jpg
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