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The Star-Spangled Banner

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by

laura cooper

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of The Star-Spangled Banner

Oh Say Can You See What the
Star-Spangled Banner Means? The original "Star-Spangled Banner" used at the battle of Fort McHenry, during the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, Frances Scott Key, a young American lawyer and poet, boarded a British frigate (ship) as the British troops bombarded Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland. Francis Scott Key Key went aboard the ship under a flag of
truce. He was trying to arrange for the
release of a prisoner held by the British. The
British kept Key on board during the attack. Battle of Fort McHenry USS Chesapeake "We were like pidgeons, tied up by our legs to be shot at."
- a soldier's account at Fort McHenry As Key watched the attack, he was so moved with emotion that he wrote a poem about the experience. He called the poem "Defense at Fort McHenry." The poem was printed in a handbill, and then it was printed in a Baltimore newspaper. Because of printing it in the newspapers, it was widely circulated, and the popularity of the poem increased dramatically as a result. It was quickly published in other newspapers in the Baltimore area, and grew from there. The Melody... http://americanhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/mp3/song.anac.dsl.mp3 People began singing the poem to the tune of a well-known drinking song by Englishman, John Stafford Smith. Eventually the poem with the music was published under the title, "The Star-Spangled Banner." It became very popular. On March 3, 1931, Congress made the song our official national anthem. While most Americans love the song and sing it frequently at sporting events and other occasions, some people have criticized it. They say the song is too difficult for most people to sing.
The song begins in a relatively easy range, but then later moves to higher notes, which many people are unable to sing. Many of these critics feel that the national anthem of the United States should be "America the Beautiful." http://americanhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/mp3/song.ssb.dsl.mp3 Why did the British chose Baltimore? The Burning of Washington August of 1814 was one of the hottest summers ever recorded in the 1800's
4,000 British soldiers marched into our country's new capital
Residents fled the city as they approached
Dolley Madison, the first Lady, fled the White House and saved a portrait of George Washington before the British arrived
The British reached the city and destroyed all public buildings, setting the new capital on fire
This became known as the "Sacking of Washington" George Armistead
Commander of the Battle of Fort McHenry The American Flag not only a representation of our country, but a powerful symbol of who we are. Uncle Sam has been an American symbol since the War of 1812. Samuel Wilson of Troy, New York, was actually the person who caused Uncle Sam to be created. During the war, Wilson had a contract to supply federal troops with salt beef, which was shipped in wooden casks. The casks were stamped with a large “U.S.” that stood for “United States.” The soldiers who received this salted beef joked that the “U.S” meant it was from “Uncle Sam,” which came to be a catchphrase for the federal government. We still use this catchphrase today A vital sea port
Fort McHenry protected the city's harbor in Baltimore, Maryland "Every American heart is bursting with shame and indignation at the catastrophe."
-Baltimore resident, watching the capital burn Dolley Madison
saved important documents, and a famous portrait of George Washington just hours before the British attacked I'd like to buy an anthem please
http://rediscover1812.com/?p=311 The Full Version:
O! say can you see by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O! say does that star-spangled banner yet wave,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner, O! long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation.
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust."
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! Did you know?
The White House was
originally called the President's House, or the
Executive House.
Full transcript