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American Revolution And Confederation, 1774-1787
Transcript of American Revolution And Confederation, 1774-1787
Lexington and Concord
The Second Continental Congress
Organization of New Governments
-Others like Henry Lee and Thomas Paine went against the idea of NOT being independent.
The American Revolution And Confederation, 1774-1787
AP U.S. History
07 June 14
Actions of Congress
Thomas Paine's Argument For Independence
The Declaration of Independence
Initial American Losses and Hardships
Alliance with France
Articles of Confederation
Abolition of Aristocratic Titles
Separation of Church and State
lead by Patrick Henry,Samuel and John Adams.
lead by George Washington and John Dickinson.
lead by John Jay and Joseph Galloway.
-Convention known as The First Continental Congress told delagates of the colonies how they should react.
-Unjust and harsh acts made delegate groups go to a convention in Philadelphia.
-Voted to change British policies.
-Four measures were established.
-A second congress was also established.
-After the First Continental Congress tension began to rise.
-Mass. became the rebellion state and violence began to start.
-The main focus the British had was to capture supplies in Concord.
-Lead by Thomas Gage in Boston on April 18,1775.
-Going back to Boston, they were attacked by militiamen causing 250 casualties.
-Colonists attack British by making a dirt wall.
- Ammunition problems gives British an advantage to take over.
-British won but suffered high staking causalities.
-Established because fighting broke out in Massachusetts.
-Divided into two different groups.
-American Navy was established to interfere with British shipping.
-Many colonies did not want independence.
-Delegates voted on an "Olive Branch Petition" where the colonies would be protected and peace would be established.
which argued a racial idea.
-Why pledge to unjust laws which were unfair?
-Resolved by Richard Lee and favored independence again.
- Others and Jefferson also agreed which lead to the drafting of the declaration.
-Colonies became known the United States of America.
-40% population went against Britain.
-20-30% who still favored Britain.
-Allowed African Americans to join the army.
-Tend to be more wealthier.
:Whether or not the colonies should be independent from Britain.
-Some people believed that the British served as protectors and gave peace to the colonies.
-Attack by the Patriots made Native Americans also support the British.
-During 1775 to 1777,Patriots were no match for the British.
-Paper money was considered nothing.
-British tries to separate New England until they were stopped at Saratoga.
-The French becomes allies with America which they have already been helping America since 1775.
-1781, supported by the French, Washington and his army made Cornwallis surrender. Leads to the Treaty of Paris.
Treaty of Paris
1. Made Britain know that U.S. is an independent nation.
2. Mississippi River is considered western boundary.
3. Americans have permission of fishing rights.
4.Americans would pay debts back to Britain.
List of rights
- Freedom and rights that officals cannot take away.
Separation of powers
- legislative, executive, and judical powers.
- Allowed whites who owned property.
- Office were higher property than voters.
Structure of government
- Central Government had one body= Congress. Each state had one vote.
- Congress had the power to participate in war and borrow money.
Winning the war
Land Ordinance 1785
Northwest Ordinance 1787
Problems began to occur with the articles.
1) Money was an issue and debts were not being paid back.
2) No respect for countries that could not pay back debts.
3) Farmers started to rebel against taxes and debt.
-Legislature could not grant nobility nor inherit a son.
-Church did not give any sort of support that would help religious groups.
-Both Patriots and Loyalists needed women.
-Women would help men in battles and some would provide as cooks and nurses.
-Maintained the economy but still remained 2nd class.
Interpretation of history
A historian named Crane Brinton found that the American Revolution was similiar to the French and Russian Revolution. All three revolutions went through the same phases and became increasily corrupted over time.
Others saw many more differences than similarities. The French and Russian Revolution did not have the belief in feudalism, where as the Patriots did not go against the highest titles.
6) Loyalists http://www.ushistory.org/us/13c.asp
4) Bunker Hill http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/american-revolution-history/pictures/american-revolution-events-and-battles/bunker-hill-monument
3) Concord Bridge http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/american-revolution-history/pictures/american-revolution-events-and-battles/concords-north-bridge
7) Yorktown http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/american-revolution-history/pictures/american-revolution-events-and-battles/cannon-on-yorktown-battlefield-2
Declaration of Independence
10) Women http://www.history.org/history/teaching/enewsletter/volume7/nov08/women_revarmy.cfm
2) Washington http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/george-washington/pictures/george-washington/by-gilbert-stuart
11) French rev. http://www.history.com/topics/french-revolution/pictures/french-revolution/this-painting-the-capture-of-the-bastille-hangs-in-the-m-2
List of Rights
1) Colonies http://www.history.com/topics/thirteen-colonies
Articles of Confederation