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Transcript of Victorian Era
Queen Victoria reigned for 64 years and to this day is the longest reigning monarch in the history of the UK. She stressed the importance of building an Empire, education, and hospitals. Her era is mostly associated with her building of industrial expansion and economic progress.
The lifestyles of the Victorian's are seen as dark yet complex in nature.
Although Victorian writers drew inspiration from previous eras, they were also pushing art and literature in new directions that had yet to be explored.
During the early years of the Victorian Era, poetry was the most prominent of literary forms whose style and tone drastically shifted during this time. However, while poetry was still exhibiting abstract imagery and themes of the preceding generation, novelists were confronting social issues.
At some point during this time period, poetry became overshadowed by the novel. This shift in taste is still evident today where some people believe the Victorian Era to be "the great age of English novel" consisting of long stories with thick plots and numerous characters
It could be argued that the most significant novelist during this period was Charles Dickens who quickly adapted to the serial format that these possessed. Being one of the first great popular novelists, his influence was evident amongst many novelists who followed thereafter. Dickens was most famous for dissecting the issues that were evident in society.
It wasn’t until the Victorian Era where novels blossomed. Novels were frowned upon in the earlier eras because they were believed to be a lesser form of writing that was called dull and artless for not being as beautiful or uplifting as lyric poetry, but critics were proved wrong when novels began reaching the same heights of artistic achievement.
Some writers disagreed with these changes and wanted society to slow down. However, others embraced the new world that was coming into being, thrilled at the progress of science and society. Together, these changes created an important era in English literary history.
Some other famous authors were
Emily Bronte- whose novel "Wuthering Heights" (1847) is renowned and "propelled by a vision of elemental passions but controlled by an uncompromising artistic sense"
Anthony Trollope- who was famous for sequences of novels that explored social, religious, and political life in England.
Queen Victoria attempted to create a peaceful Empire during her reign and she tried to avoid conflict at all cost. The only war that was prominent during the Victorian Era was the Crimean War (1853-1856). Queen Victoria'a husband Albert had more interest in the military than she did and she allowed him to make the call on going into war. Queen Victoria had always been an ally to India and eventually the government of India was transferred to the crown and Queen Elizabeth was named the Empress of India in 1876.
Heavily worshipped Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and their nine children.
There was a large amount of poverty regardless of industrialization. Industrializing just made living conditions horrible and it was unsanitary in the cities and many people died.
Speaking of dead people... Death portraits were totally in, like, let's just embrace your last breath of life in this morbid picture.
They didn't exactly smile in portraits either.
Dreadful working conditions. Again, many people died.
Childhood was now seen as a precious part of life.
Education became a demand, available to the public to make gentlement.
So was entertainment (theaters, music halls, libraries)
Sports redefined their rules.
Prim and Proper
Etiquette was held to the highest standards during this time.
Petticoats man... Parasols. Geddit.
Strong morality and conduct code.
Marriage is between Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve (they didn't condone homosexuality)
That being said, there were gay brothels too... Behind doors... In closets. Brothels were a norm but not legal.
You marry in a certain class. Ex: a woman can marry a rich guy if she is rich or comes from a middle class family and wants to make BANK.
In order to have etiquette, you must have "good taste" and "good manners"
Body language was also studied and judged.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? . . . You're
you have been friendzoned
Highly conservative, can't show ankles.
"blue stocking" was a term used to describe someone who dedicated themselves to intellectual pursuits. This was unfeminine and made men feel emasculated.
Some doctors said studying caused damage to the ovaries so when Oxford & Cambridge opened their doors to women, families were scared for their daughters.
Damaging ovaries = turns women into "dried prunes"
Wealthy women held luncheons and donated to the working class and organizations.
However these same women would run away from beggars on the streets.
Industrial Revolution/ Technology
electricity, heating, lights, and gas given to citizens
growth in manufacturing
people moved from the country side to urban areas
evolution and natural selection (organisms that are better adapted to their environment tend to survive longer and pass their genes to their offspring, when certain traits are more advantageous, organisms will change/evolve over time to get those traits)
John Snow discovered that cholera was spread through water not air (led to improved housing and sewage systems)
Tuberculosis found by Robert Koch
Cause of malaria found by Ronald Ross
germ theory (diseases caused by germs)
Shift to the Victorian Period
Romanticism emphasized feeling over thought. After the Enlightenment, people were against the idea that human actions were guided by economics, sociology, and physics. This ended with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution when technology and science expanded.
Shift from the Victorian period to Modernism
The Industrial Revolution and advancements in technology and science changed people's lives and caused them to change the way they think. The gaps between the upper and lower classes closed, women strayed from the idea that their job was to manage the home and children, and science began to change religion. Conservative life started to become more liberal.
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Thinking back to older inventions (railroads, telephone, telegraph, etc.), which do you think had the most importance and why?
Who in this room would be considered scandalous?
Do you prefer novels or poetry? How many poems can we name compared to novels?