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Hanin AJ

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of Leprosy

WHAT IS LEPROSY?! Leprosy is also known as Hansen's Disease , which is a disease caused by a slow growing type of bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae) that causes damage to the skin and the nerve system. Characteristics and Symptons:- Most often Leprosy affects the cooler places of the body first (eyes, nose, earlobes, hands, feet, and testicles). It also affects the skin, the nerves outside the brain and the spinal cord.
The main symptom of Leprosy is the disfiguring skin patches and lumps, or bumps that do not go away after several weeks or months. It takes not less that 6 MONTHS TO 4O YEARS for the signs of the disease to show!

According to 90% of patients the first sign of the disease is a feeling of numbness, which may precede skin damage by a number of years. Temperature is the first sensation lost, followed by light touch, pain and then deep pressure. Sensory loss usually begins in the extremities (toes and fingertips). HOW CAN WE TREAT LEPROSY? Other signs and symptoms may include:
•Skin stiffness and dryness
•Loss of fingers and toes
•Eye problems, which leads to blindness
•Severe pain
•Muscle weakness, especially in the hands and feet
•Enlarged nerves, especially those around the elbow (ulnar nerve) and knee (peroneal nerve). LEPROSY TREATMENT :- There are a number of leprosy treatment options, depending on the form of disease. However, in all cases, antibiotics are typically used to kill Mycobacterium leprae, which is the bacteria that cause leprosy. Most of the time the bacteria can be resistant to certain antibiotics, therefore several antibiotics are often combined. The three most common antibiotics are Dapsone, Rifampin, and Clofazimine.
Aside with antibodies, Supportive care is also used to help reduce symptoms and minimize complications. It typically includes treatment from bone doctors, eye doctors, and physical therapists.

can people survive leprosy? Leprosy is the most common treatable disease of the nervous system.
Before, when the disease was first introduced in the 17th century, many people died from it, but today most cases are easily treated. It has been decreasing since the treatment was introduced. 6.5 million infected people around
the world INDIA Approximately 6.5 million people are infected by leprosy and only 25% of them are being treated! Is one gender affected more than the other? Studies have shown that any one, at any age could be infected, therefore it is present equally in both genders. Leprosy occure in every country in the world. However, most of the cases are found in countries with the highest populations of South East Asia, Africa and South America. 3.5 million of the world's infected population HOW CAN I PROTECT MYSELF FROM LEPROSY?!! There isn't any vaccines that could be used today against leprosy, however scientists are working on it. While we wait for them to develop one (hopefully soon), we have to visit the doctor once in a while for a diagnosis, because early diagnosis will often reduce leprosy symptoms and complications. If you live with an infected person, you should visit a physician annually and DO NOT get in contact with him/her. If for some reason you got in contact, and u noticed skin rash, you should immediately visit the doctor to determine whether or not leprosy is present. HISTORY of Leprosy Leprosy has tortured humans throughout its history. Many scholars believed that leprosy appeared in an Egyptian Papyrus document written around 1550 B.C. Around 600 B.C. Indian writings described a disease that resembled leprosy. In Europe, leprosy first appeared in ancient Greece after the army of Alexander the Great came back from India and then in Rome in 62 B.C. coinciding with the return of Pompeii's troops from Asia Minor.
Throughout its history, leprosy has been feared and misunderstood. For a long time leprosy was thought to be an inherited disease, a curse, or a punishment from God. Before and even after the discovery of its biological cause, leprosy patients were avoided. For example, in Europe during the Middle Ages, leprosy sufferers had to wear special clothing, ring bells to warn others that they were close, and even walk on a particular side of the road, depending on the direction of the wind. Even in modern times, leprosy treatment has often occurred in separate hospitals and live-in colonies called leprosariums because of the stigma of the disease. Leprosy has been spreading in various areas as certain times throughout history and has inspired art work and influenced other cultural practices.
In 1673, Dr. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen of Norway was the first person to identify the germ that causes leprosy. Hansen's discovery of Mycobacterium leprae proved that leprosy was caused by a germ, and was thus not an inherited disease, from a curse, or from a sin. AWESOME FACTS The loss of sensation makes one feel like a body part is missing

Fact#1 Fact#2 It takes 6 months to 40 years for leprosy signs to show!!! Fact#3 India has about 54 percent of all the new leprosy cases in the world !!!! At least 3 million people are living with some sort of permanent disability due to leprosy !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Fact#4 Fact#5 Men are twice as likely to contract leprosy as women !
Fact#6 One child is diagnosed with leprosy every 20 minutes EVERYTHING WAS DONE BY HANIN AL-JAWALDEH!!
CITATION:- The first signs of leprosy on Tina's body were detected when she was just six years old. By age eight, Tina was extremely disabled and very frightened about her future. Finally, at age 25, she got help from one of the international organizations and was given a Multi-Drug Therapy. By this time, her hands were severely clawed and she required surgery on her foot. Leprosy had definitely left its mark!!!

Tina was unable to finish her schooling as a child, and after the birth of her first three daughters, she decided to redress this situation. However, Tina only spoke her native Ethiopian language of Amharic, So she spent many months learning English.

As a Christian, Tina has a deep faith in God and is grateful for the blessings he has given her through international health organization. Today, Tina is living a full life with hope for tomorrow. I believe deserve 45/40 'cause Mr.Remesz is the AWESOME-est teacher EVER! 30 year old Tina 6 year old Tina with the international health team Tina's infected hands
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