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Chapter 11 Social Information Processing Theory-Deception
Transcript of Chapter 11 Social Information Processing Theory-Deception
Social Information Processing Theory Deception:
Face to Face
CMC Stephanie DeBettignies, Derek Heaton,
Jeremy Wollersheim Computer Mediated Communication
(CMC) -Text-based messages, which filter out
most nonverbal cues (138). Hyperpersonal
Perspective The claim that CMC relationships
are often more intimate than those
developed when partners are
physically together (143). Selective self
presentation An online positive portrayal
without fear of contradiction,
which enables people to create
an overwhelmingly favorable
impression (143). Social identity
(SIDE) A theory that suggests CMC
users overestimate their
similarity with others they
meet in online interest groups
Information Reason to believe that information
is accurate, typically because the
target of the information cannot
manipulate it (146). Which do YOU think a
person can be more
deceptive through (face
to face or CMC)? Why?
(Give examples) How are people able to
be more deceptive in
your chosen area? A look at Facebook A crime linked to Facebook is reported to police every 40 minutes.
Last year, officers logged 12,300 alleged offenses involving the vastly popular social networking site.
Facebook was referenced in investigations of murder, rape, child sex offenses, assault, kidnap, death threats, witness intimidation and fraud. (Doyle, 2012) Pedophiles grooming children http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-08-31/cunning-acebook-killer-jailed-for-21-years/4235692 “There are more fake people on profile than there are real people on Instagram.” (Kit, 2012) http://vimeo.com/41583927 Why would F2F be more deceptive? Synchronous media should increase opportunities for deception.
Liars would avoid media that recorded their deceptions
Distributed media (where the interactions are not in physical proximity) also encourage deception
(George, Robb; 2008) CMC Deception Deception is common in everyday communication, accounting for 22-25% of social interactions (George, Robb; 2008).
Both sources from 2008 reported F2F more deceptive than CMC (George, Lewis; 2008).
Believe this will change with time and soon CMC will equal F2F. Example in Film http://www.alluc.org/movies/watch-catfish-2010-online/206877.html
65:45 Face to Face
Deception "...vocal cues to deception have demonstrated how 'response latency', pitch, repetitions, speech errors, speech rate, and frequency of pausing, can all change during lies" (Vrij, 2000, p. 33). Sporer & Schwandt, 2006 AND De-Paulo, 2003, suggest that there is no "significant relationship" between non-verbals and deception. Cues Filtered Out: Interpretation of CMC that regards lack of non-verbal cues as a fatal flaw for using the medium for relationship development.
(p. 139) Based on what was said at the beginning
and what you know now, has your
opinion changed? Q+A Are there any questions? Works Cited
De-Paulo, B. M., Lindsay, J.J., Malone, B. E., Muhlenbruck, L., Charlton, K., & Cooper, H. (2003).
Cues to deception. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 74-118. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.129.1.74
Doyle, J. (2012, June 4). A Facebook crime every 40 minutes: From killings to grooming as 12,300 cases are linked to the site. Mail Online.
Freshmen, C. (2010, October 21). PhD. (B. Brushwood, Interviewer)
George, J. F., & Lewis, C.C. (2008). Cross-Cultural Deception in Social Networking Sites and Face to Face Communication. Computers in Human Behavior 24, 2945-2964.
George, J. F., & Robb, A. (2008). Deception and Computer-Mediated Communication in Daily Life. Communication Reports, 92-103.
Joost, H., & Schulman, A. (Directors). (2010). Catfish [Motion Picture].
Sporer, S., & Schwandt, B. (2006). Paraverbal indicators of deception: A meta-analytic synthesis.
Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 421-466. doi: 10.1002/acp.1190
Kit, E. (2012, August 2). There Are More "Fake" People On Facebook Than Real Ones On Instagram. Fast Company.
Lepoutre, Richard. (2012) Pedophiles Using Facebook as Their Dark Playground. My Fox NY.
Well, J. (2012). 'Cunning' Facebook killer jailed for 21 years. ABC News.
Vrij, A. (2000). Detecting lies and deceit: Psychology of Lying and its implications for professional practice. Chichester: Wiley