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Adjectives and Adverbs

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Jessica Cabello

on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Adjectives and Adverbs

Notes
Ideas
Ideas
Ideas
ADJECTIVES
Introduction
Adjectives:
Common endings
• Most common adjectives (long, late etc) do not have a particular ending. however, there are certain
common endings
for adjectives which are formed from nouns and verbs. these are:
Prefixes
• The most common prefixes used with adjectives are:
Compound Adjectives
Order of Adjectives
*When there are two or more adjectives, they normally go in the following order:
Exercise
• adjectives describe nouns and are the same in singular and plural.
they are close friends. (what kind of friends? close.)

they can be factual (small, round, yellow etc)

or opinion (awful, ugly etc)
*note that after appear, be, become, get, feel, look, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste we use adjectives, not adverbs.
it tastes awful. (not: awfully)
• Present and past participles can be used as adjectives.
:


The lecture was boring.

We were exhausted.


Compound adjectives are formed with:
ADVERBS
Introduction:
Adverbs:
*Normally describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs or whole sentences.
She dances well. (How does she dance? Well.)

*They say
how
(adverbs of manner - slowly),

how often
(adverbs of frequency - usually)
when
(adverbs of time - yesterday), or to
what extent
.(adverbs of degree - absolutely)something happens. There are also
sentence adverbs
(modifies a sentence as a whole or a clause within a sentence: actually, basically,etc.) and
relative

adverbs
(where, why, when).
Formation of Adverbs from Adjectives
*Adjectives ending in -ly (elderly, fatherly, friendly, lively, lonely, Iovely, motherly, silly, ugly etc) form their adverb with in a(n) ... way/manner.

*Adverbs are formed from adjectives + -ly:
quick — quickly, calm — calmly
*Adjectives ending in consonant + -y — -ily.
sleepy— sleepily, weary— wearily, weepy —weepily
*Adjectives ending in -ic add -ally.
tragic — tragically, frantic — frantically
*Adjectives ending in -le drop -le and add -ly.
*Adjectives ending in -e add -ly.
irritable — irritably, reliable — reliably
false — falsely, but: whole — wholly, true — truly
in a motherly manner, in a lively way etc.
Adjectives and Adverbs which have the same form

cheap*, clean*, clear*, close*, dear*fine*,quick*, quiet*, loud*,thin*
best, better, big,cold, daily, dead,, deep, direct, dirty, early, easy, extra, far, fast, free, further, hard, high, hourly, inside, kindly, Iast, late, long, , low, monthly, past, right, slow, straight, sure, thick, tight, weekly, well, wide, wrong, yearly etc

Those adverbs with an asterisk (*) can be found with -ly ending without a difference in meaning,
but then they are
more formal
.
Ann was our last guest. She came in last.

Walk slow! (informal)
ALSO
Walk slowly! (formal)
Identify the underlined words as adjectives or adverbs:


Adverbs with two forms and differences in meaning:


Underline the correct item:
Word Order of Adverbs
*Adverbs can be used
in front
,
mid
or
end
position in a sentence.
*Mid position is normally
before
the main verb or
after
the auxiliary.
front mid end
At university often saw her walking around confidently.
*Adverbs of manner can go in
any
position. When placed
in front
position, they give
emphasis
.
He climbed up the stairs quickly.
Quickly he climbed up the stairs. (emphasis)
subj.

verb

manner

place

time
She

was studying

hard

in her room

all night.
*When there is more than one adverb in the sentence, their usual order is
manner-place-time.
subj

verb

place

manner

time
He

goes

to school

on foot

every day.
*When there is a verb of movement, then the order is

place - manner - time.
*Time adverbs go in end position. They also go in front position to emphasize the time.

time

subj
+
verb

place

manner

Every day

he

goes

to the park

on his bike.
subj
+
verb

place

manner

time
He
goes

to the park

on his bike

every day.
You are always late. He usually comes late.

*Adverbs of frequency (sometimes, always, usually, never, often, seldom, rarely etc) go
after
an auxiliary but
before
the main verb.
*Adverbs of degree (hardly, almost, nearly etc) go before
the words they modify.
She works quite hard.
Rewrite the sentences putting the adverbs in the right place:
DISEÑO CURRICULAR
TOEFL VS CAMBRIDGE
Formation of Adverbs from Adjectives
*Adjectives ending in -ly (elderly, fatherly, friendly, lively, lonely, Iovely, motherly, silly, ugly etc) form their adverb with in a(n) ... way/manner.

*Adverbs are formed from adjectives + -ly:
quick — quickly, calm — calmly
*Adjectives ending in consonant + -y — -ily.
sleepy— sleepily, weary— wearily, weepy —weepily
*Adjectives ending in -ic add -ally.
tragic — tragically, frantic — frantically
*Adjectives ending in -le drop -le and add -ly.
*Adjectives ending in -e add -ly.
irritable — irritably, reliable — reliably
false — falsely, but: whole — wholly, true — truly
in a motherly manner, in a lively way etc.
Adjectives and Adverbs which have the same form

cheap*, clean*, clear*, close*, dear*fine*,quick*, quiet*, loud*,thin*
best, better, big,cold, daily, dead,, deep, direct, dirty, early, easy, extra, far, fast, free, further, hard, high, hourly, inside, kindly, Iast, late, long, , low, monthly, past, right, slow, straight, sure, thick, tight, weekly, well, wide, wrong, yearly etc

Those adverbs with an asterisk (*) can be found with -ly ending without a difference in meaning,
but then they are
more formal
.
Ann was our last guest. She came in last.

Walk slow! (informal)
ALSO
Walk slowly! (formal)
Identify the underlined words as adjectives or adverbs:


Adverbs with two forms and differences in meaning:


FCE Cambridge
Word Order of Adverbs
*Adverbs can be used
in front
,
mid
or
end
position in a sentence.
*Mid position is normally
before
the main verb or
after
the auxiliary.
front mid end
At university often saw her walking around confidently.
*Adverbs of manner can go in
any
position. When placed
in front
position, they give
emphasis
.
He climbed up the stairs quickly.
Quickly he climbed up the stairs. (emphasis)
subj.

verb

manner

place

time
She

was studying

hard

in her room

all night.
*When there is more than one adverb in the sentence, their usual order is
manner-place-time.
subj

verb

place

manner

time
He

goes

to school

on foot

every day.
*When there is a verb of movement, then the order is

place - manner - time.
*Time adverbs go in end position. They also go in front position to emphasize the time.

time

subj
+
verb

place

manner

Every day

he

goes

to the park

on his bike.
subj
+
verb

place

manner

time
He
goes

to the park

on his bike

every day.
You are always late. He usually comes late.

*Adverbs of frequency (sometimes, always, usually, never, often, seldom, rarely etc) go
after
an auxiliary but
before
the main verb.
*Adverbs of degree (hardly, almost, nearly etc) go before
the words they modify.
She works quite hard.
Diseño Curricular
¿Propósito?
¿Habilidades?
¿comunicación?
*Common European Framework of reference.
CEFR:
Inglés VI preparatoria bicultural
Preparar a los alumnos para tomar el examen FCE de Cambridge (nivel B2)
60 horas teóricas y 15 horas prácticas
8 Unidades
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