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Transcript of Mas13
Vicente Manansala A Video about 13 Moderns Victorio Edades -Father of Modern Art
-He was named a National Artist in 1976.-aFilipino painterwho was the leader of the revolutionaryThirteen Modernswho engaged their classical compatriots in heated debate over the nature and function ofart. Carlos ''Botong'' Francisco Francisco was a most distinguished practitioner of mural painting for many decades and best known for his historical pieces. He was one of the first Filipino modernists along with Galo Ocampo and Victorio C. Edades who broke away from Fernando Amorsolo's romanticism of Philippine scenes. His great works include Blood Compact, First Mass at Limasawa, The Martyrdom of Rizal, Bayanihan, etc. Galo Ocampo During WWII, he did intelligence work for the guerrilla movement and became a captain. As his cover, he did stage backdrops for the Associated Artists group headed by Fernando Poe Sr. In the 1960s, during the administration of Pres Diosdado Macapagal, Ocampo served as curator of the Presidential Museum of Malacanang and, subsequently, as director of the National Museum and technical adviser on heraldry in the president's office. Some Filipino artists used western art styles and their works had an influence of C'ezanne and Gauguin. They depicted their subjects in terms of the technical considerations of line, color, space, and mass. social and economic life of the Filipinos. They depicted in their works contemporary issues, conditions, aspirations, and dreams of the Filipino masses. Their themes dealt with poverty;slums; injustice; exploitation of the poor, of women, of children, of plight of the OFWs; unfair labor practices; inequality; abuse of political power; oppression; and others. Meaning of the Artworks in Modern Art Period Modern artists use their own experiences to ventilate their feelings through their artworks. Some of them focus on common problems, issues, and concerns of the society where they belong. As a medium, they use expressionism to communicate strong or intense feelings. They also reflect in their works a society on the brink of socio-political conflicts. According to Emmanuel Torres, two characteristics can be perceived in an artwork of local painters, these are the following: They expressed sensuousness through loud clash of colors and curving shapes. These are seen in the works of Ocampo, Malang, Manansala, and Tabuena. They avoid too open display of emotions. Painters favor the witty, and the refined rather than the brutal or the monumental. Important Events in Modern Art Period Diosdado Lorenzo Being one of the original 13 Moderns of the Philippines, the original group of modernists led by UST fine arts school founder and National Artist Victorio Edades, Lorenzo’s works are characterized by fiery impressionism. He applied paint liberally and unlike most painters of his time, he did not smooth the surface out. Instead, he let the paint dry, giving the painting a rough surface, and his work a three-dimensional look. Demetrio Diego -Perfected his art while working as illustrator in several weekly magazines.
-Noted for his oil painting of rural maidens and for his pencil and charcoal sketches.
-Subjects dealt mostly on rural scenes and folk.
Had to switch to watercolor in later years due to the ill-effects of oil fumes on his eyesight while painting. Was active in his art even late in his life. The modern art movements were interrupted by World War II and the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines in 1942. While the war slowed down the movement for change in the arts, it was in the early postwar years that the first dynamic art institutions were founded, paving the way for a broad support system for the arts and the eventual triumph of modernism. The struggle between modern art and conservative art continued until the establishment of the Art Association of the Philippines(founded by Purita Kalaw-Ledesma) in 1948 and the Philippines Art Gallery(founded by Lydia Villanueva-Arguilla) in 1950. These helped so much in introducing modern art to the public. Hernando Ocampo Ocampo is a Filipino National Artist in the visual arts. He is also fictionist, a playwright and editor. Also, he is a leading radical modern artist. He was a member of the Saturday Group of artists (also known as the Taza de Oro Group) Anita Magsaysay-Ho Anita Magsaysay-Ho is a Philippine painter, considered by many to be one of the most important and gifted Philippine modernists. In 1958, a panel of experts assembled by the Manila Chronicle named her one of the 6 most outstanding painters in Philippine history. Magsaysay-Ho’s best known canvases, which often have both realist and stylized aspects, celebrate the beauty of Philippine women engaged in everyday tasks. Vicente Manansala Cesar Legaspi Legaspi is a Filipino National Artist awardee in painting. He was also an art director prior to going full-time in his visual art practice in the 1960s. Arsenio Capili Capili was named as one of the Thirteen Moderns by Victorino Edades who was pleased by his works with bold lines, simplified figures and used palette emphasizing on tonal contrast. Those works were influenced by Carlos V. Franciso and Galo B. Ocampo. Jose Pardo Bonifacio Cristobal Cristobal was hired as Art Instructor at universities and colleges, including the University of Santo Tomas (UST). His style was reverted to conservative representationalism, characterized by solid modelling and strict adherence to colors inspired by the actual world, from representational with Impressionist vigorous impasto. The reversion is best observed in his portrait of Jorge B. Vargas as President of Boy Scout, Philippines in 1950. He later helped found the University of Sto. Tomas’ fine arts school together with Carlos "Botong" Francisco, Severino Fabie and Galo Ocampo.
Puruganan is acknowledged as one of the Thirteen Moderns, an artists’ group that broke away from the Conservatives, led by Fernando Amorsolo. The group ushered in a new era in Philippine art. Ricarte Purugganan Pardo has a wide range of color selection with emphases on green and red combined with strong hues of magenta and orange. His other works depict distorted images of the human body such as “Pulubi,” “Tsismis,” “Talulan Marikit” and “Marikit with Caladium.” Manansala was a Philippine cubist painter and illustrator. Manansala's canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio and the city together. His Madonna of the Slums is a portrayal of a mother and child from the countryside who became urban shanty residents once in the city. PAINTINGS 13 MODERNS The Builders Victorio Edades Lavandera 2 Victorio Edades Fiesta Carlos Francisco The Battle of Mactan Carlos Francisco Tinsmithing State-of-the-art tinsmithing is employed in crafting Philippine folk vehicles. The hispanic kalesa or the tartanilla are horsedrawn, tin-plated carriages—painted, embellished, and engraved. Tin plates repoussed with images of flowers, vines, geometric figures, and the owner’s name are nailed onto the carriage’s side and back panels. Tin plates shaped like long headdresses crowned the horse’s head and mane. Now rarely used, the kalesa and tartanilla have given way to the ubiquitous jeepney. The Bar Girls Cesar Legaspi Mother and Child Cesar Legaspi Harvest Anita Magsaysay-Ho Seated Lady Jose Pardo Man of La Mancha Jose Pardo Brown Madonna Galo Ocampo Talaba Galo Ocampo Catching Chickens Anita Magsaysay-Ho Flying Ducks Bonifacio Cristobal Tob-Tob Bonifacio Cristobal Mutants Hernando Ocampo Dancers Hernando Ocampo Planting the Cross Vicente Manansala Fruit Vendor Demetrio Diego Crab Seekers in Philippine Beach Ricarte Purugganan Dalagang Naliligo Demetrio Diego Mother and Child(Madonna of Slums) Vicente Manansala Piazza Navona Diosdado Lorenzo Rape and Massacre Diosdado Lorenzo Filipino mechanics and artisans have created unique artwork from remodelled World War II US army jeeps. The result is the jeepney, with a shape and design peculiarly Filipino, i.e., a local pop baroque. Thus the jeepney has become a national trademark further promoted by media, advertising, and special government projects Jeepneys The jeepney’s invention has been attributed to Clodualdo Delfin, a musician of the late 1940s and the 1950s. Leonardo Sarao, Magsikap Legaspi, and Anastacio Francisco pioneered the trade in their Las Piñas-Zapote shops. Their names and
those of later manufactures, like Tabing, Pabling, Narding, Valenzuela, and other one-person or family enterprises are marked on the aluminum or stainless steel sides of their vehicles. The jeepney is both sculpture and painting. Its black-iron body is manually assembled. Cariton a squarish homemade ice-cream cart, crafted also in the kalesa tradition, has a similar pair of fancy wheels and a pair of hind legs on which to rest. Welded into the covers of the ice-cream receptacle are two or three ornaments of beaten tin or chrome shaped like flat minarets. Akin to the metal decorations of the jeepney, motifs may vary—from wings, feathers or flower patterns—but always exuberantly curlicued. Sometimes the pattern is repeated at corners or borders of the painted cart. The END!
Thank You For Listening.. The next is Contemporary Art Period... Ricarte Purugganan He was among the five founding members of the School of Fine Arts of the University of Santo Tomas, in 1937. Ricarte Purugganan is one of the Thirteen Moderns, together with Victorio Edades and Vicente Manansala, an artists' group that broke away from the Conservatives, led by Fernando Amorsolo, and opened the doors for modern art to flourish before the war. The Gatherers Victorio Edades The First Mass Carlos Fransisco Ginintuang Mayo Cesar Legaspi Brown Madonna Galo Ocampo The Sketch Victorio Edades Prinsesa Urduja Carlos Fransisco Pounding Rice Galo Ocampo Two Girls with Fruit Basket Anito Magsaysay-Ho Candle Vendors Vicente Manansala Pride of Mang Ninoy Ricarte Purugganan Ilog ng Cabiao Diosdado Lorenzo