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Latin America

Mr. White's World Geography classes Walker Grant Middle School
by

Kenneth White

on 23 January 2015

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Transcript of Latin America

Latin America and the Caribbean
Bellringer: January 7, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Bellringer: January 17, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Opening Questions:

1. Where is Latin America and the Caribbean in relation to the United States?

2. What climates do Latin American and Caribbean countries have?

3. What are the major cities in Latin America and the Caribbean?

4. What languages are spoken in Latin America and the Caribbean?
Latin America and the Caribbean Maps

Purpose: To understand the physical features of Latin America and the Caribbean

Directions label the following countries

*Mexico and Central America:
-Mexico
-Belize
-Guatemala
-El Salvador
-Honduras
-Nicaragua
-Costa Rica
-Panama
*South American
-Colombia
-Venezuela
-Guyana
-Suriname
-French Guiana
-Ecuador
-Peru
-Bolivia
-Brazil
-Paraguay
-Argentina
-Uruguay
-Chile
*Caribbean
-Cuba
-Haiti
-Jamaica
-Dominican Republic
-Puerto Rico (United States)

Landforms
Middle America
The Caribbean
South America
Middle America: is made up of
Mexico and Central America
.
Sierra Madres
mountain range is located in Middle America.
Middle America=
Volcanoes
and
Earthquakes
The Greater Antilles
Archipelago: group of islands
.
The Lesser Antilles=
Curve from the Virgin Islands to Trinidad
.
The Greater Antilles=
the largest islands of the Caribbean
.
The Lesser Antilles
Farmers use the fertile volcanic soil to grow crops such as
sugarcane
and
tobacco
.
The Bahamas
Andes Mountains= world's largest mountain system that
stretches along the Pacific coast of South America
for about 5,500 miles.
The
Andes mountain
ranges and the vast
Amazon Basin
are South America's major landforms.
Amazon Basin
Llanos: tropical grasslands
that stretch through eastern Colombia and Venezuela.
Pampas
: plain that covers much of Argentina and Uruguay. Used for cattle-herding and grain farming.
Atacama Desert
: Coastal desert located between Peru and Chile on the Western coast of South America.
Amazon River
: covers 2.7 million square miles to the north and south border of the basin.

Economic Characteristics
Economic Characteristics:

-Diverse
economies
-Subsistence farming
-Plantation agriculture
-Slash and
burn
agriculture
-Cash crops and food crops
-Haciendas
-Cattle ranges, gauchos
-Deforestation
-Destruction of rain forest
-Oil resources in Venezuela, Mexico, and Ecuador
-Heavy smog, pollution: Mexico City
-Disparity of income distribution
-
North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA)
-Diverse mineral resources (
copper in Chile, iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil
)
Subsistence farming
: small plots where farmers grow only enough food to feed their families.
Subsistence Farming
Plantation agriculture
Plantation agriculture
:
large farms
that raise a
single crop for sale
.
Cash Crops
: products grown for export
Sugarcane/Sugar
Bananas
Coffee (Brazil)
Cultural Characteristics
Important Sites and Cities
Latin America Economy
Farming
Manufactured goods
Tourism
=
C
opper
C
hile
Iron Ore
Brazil
Venezuela
Slash and Burn= Method of agriculture in which
existing vegetation is cut down and burned off
before new seeds are sown.
Bellringer: January 21, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Latin America and the Caribbean Cultural Characteristics

-
Indian civilizations
-African traditions and influences
-
Influence of European colonization
-Predominance of
Roman Catholic religion
-Rigid social structure
-
Mestizos and Mulattos
-Location of settlements:
Coastal in South America
-
Mega-cities
,
squatter settlements
-Rapid population growth
-Out-migration
The Aztecs
Location: Present day Mexico City
The Mayans

Location: Yucatan Peninsula into Central America
Tikal
The Inca

Location: Along the Andes Mountains

European Countries
colonized Latin American and the Caribbean. With this colonization brought European
language, customs, music, and religion.
Mestizo
: A person of
mixed Indian
and
European ancestry
.
Mulatto
: A person of
mixed African
and
European ancestry
.
Dominant Religion:
Roman Catholic
Pyramids
Cathedrals
Mexico City
Rio de Janeiro
Buenos Aires
Machu Picchu
Santiago
*World Geography 1/7/2015*

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-L.A. Physical Features Map
-Brain-Break
-L.A. Economic Characteristics Start
-Review
-Close
World Geography Schedule 1/21/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Latin America Physical Features Review
-Brain-Break
-Latin America Economic Characteristics
-Chapter 7 & 8 Packet
-Close
Steel Drums
Tenochtitlan
Full transcript