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Grammar - Simple Past

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Vinícius Tavares

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Grammar - Simple Past

I went to the bank to get some more money.

She wanted to visit her kids during the summer break.

We listened to the whole lesson before class. to go to want to listen Simple past Grammar Course To Be Negative Questions Affirmative Question Negative Action Verbs I didn't go to the bank to get some more money.

She didn't want to visit her kids during the summer break.

We didn't listen to the whole lesson before class. Did you go to the bank to get some more money?

Did she want to visit her kids during the summer break?

Did you listen to the whole lesson before class? "To be" has the easiest verb conjugation ever!
Even in the past! Rules for regular verbs: Verbs ending in "consonant" + y: -ry = -ried

Verbs ending in "vowel" + y: -ay = -ayed

Verbs ending in stressed "cvc": double +ed

Other verbs: +ed to cry - cried
to study - studied
to try - tried
to play - played
to delay - delayed
to stay - stayed
to stop - stopped
to prefer - preferred
to refer - referred
to want - wanted
to mix - mixed to fly - flew
to inlay - inlaid

to buy - bought
to say - said

to visit - visited
to listen - listened

to see - saw
to go - went Irregular examples Simple past auxiliar: Did Important: "Didn't" always makes the verb turn to its base form*, unless it's not the verb related to the particle. Examples:
My mother knew Spanish before the course.
My mother didn't know Spanish before the course.
My mother didn't know (that) I taught English at Wizard. *Base form: "verb" without "to" taught knew know know to make - made
to turn - turned
to know - knew
to teach - taught Don't forget the question mark! Important: It's also possible to form negative questions.
Just mix the rules from Negative with rules from Questions. Didn't you go to the bank to get some more money?

Didn't she want to visit her kids during the summer break?

Didn't you listen to the whole lesson before class? Affirmative I was
He was
She was
It was

You were
We were
They were singular plural I was an engineer before studying dentistry.
He was dancing next to that girl last night.
She was enjoying her time in Canada very much.
It was already late to travel.

You were invited to come to the show.
We were working on a new project.
They were very sad to hear that. to be
to study
to dance
to enjoy
to travel
to invite
to come
to work
to hear to form
to mix
to go
to get
to want
to visit
to listen Please, remember that you NEED to know "verb to be" by heart!! Note I am/ was
You are/ were
He is/ was
She is/ was
It is/ was
We are/ were
You are/ were
They are/ were The basic structure I was not joking at you!
He was not taking cooking classes.
She was not very sleepy in the classroom.
It was not the best movie ever!

You were not the main actors of the movie.
We were not just playing chess.
They were not the ones who worked with me. Only add "not" after the verb. Even easier! to joke
to take
to play
to work Important: The contracted form is very usual too.
In the past you can only mix "to be" with "not". I wasn't
You weren't
He wasn't
She wasn't
It wasn't
You weren't
We weren't
They weren't Mary was not joking at you!
The teacher was not taking cooking classes.
That student was not very sleepy in the classroom.
"Click" was not the best movie ever.

You and your cousin were not the main actors of the movie.
My father and I were not just playing chess.
John and Alfred were not the ones who worked with me. Important: Also remember
that subjects can change. Was I a good boy the whole year?
Were you at home yesterday?
Was Lula the president of Brazil?
Was Carol studying or sleeping?!
Was the weather sunny over there?

Were you paying attention?
Were we going to see you?
Were they in love for one another? Easier than before! Just invert
the verb and the subject! Don't forget the
question mark! (weather) to be sunny
to pay attention
to see
to be in love Important: It's also possible to form negative questions with "to be"!
They serve to confirm information you think it's right, as in Portuguese! Wasn't I a good boy the whole year?
Weren't you at home yesterday?
Wasn't Lula the president of Brazil?
Wasn't Carol studying math?
Wasn't the weather sunny over there?

Weren't you paying attention?
Weren't we going to see him?
Weren't they in love for one another? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Thank you very much for your attention!
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