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Transcript of Schizophrenia
Causes and Effects
Causes of schizophrenia
Genetics and Environment
Genetic causes of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is only influenced by genetics, not determined by it.
Environmental causes of schizophrenia
Environmental factors act on vulnerability to trigger the disorder.
As for the environmental factors involved, more and more research is pointing to stress, either during pregnancy or at a later stage of development. High levels of stress are believed to trigger schizophrenia by increasing the body’s production of the hormone cortisol.
Research points to several stress-inducing environmental factors that may be involved in schizophrenia, including:
Prenatal exposure to a viral infection
Low oxygen levels during birth (from prolonged labor or premature birth)
Exposure to a virus during infancy
Early parental loss or separation
Physical or sexual abuse in childhood
What is Schizophrenia
Most cases of schizophrenia appear in the late teens or early adulthood. However, schizophrenia can appear for the first time in middle age or even later. In rare cases, schizophrenia can even affect young children and adolescents, although the symptoms are slightly different. In general, the earlier schizophrenia develops, the more severe it is. Schizophrenia also tends to be more severe in men than in women. As many as 24 million people worldwide and about 1 percent of the American population 18 and up have schizophrenia.
Presentation brought to you by
Heinrichs, R. Walter & Sam, Eleanor P. (2010). Schizophrenia and Crime: How Predictable Are Charges, Convictions, and Violence? Spring Science + Business Media, LLC 2010, 122-131. Retrieved from http://content.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bellevuecollege.edu/pdf27_28/pdf/2012/46AW/01Feb12/70532446.pdf?
Hill, Daniel. (2014). Dr. Phil: Schizophrenic Child’s World & Schizophrenia Symptoms In Kids. Recapo. Retrieved from http://www.recapo.com/dr-phil/dr-phil-health/dr-phil-schizophrenic-childs-world-schizophrenia-symptoms-in-kids/
Pallanti, S. "Social Anxiety in Outpatients With Schizophrenia: A Relevant Cause of Disability." American Journal of Psychiatry 161.1 (2004): 53-58. from
Dr. Phil's Glimpse into the world of Child Schizophrenia
Not always so extreme
Although schizophrenia is a chronic disorder, there is help available.
many people with schizophrenia are able to function independently and live satisfying lives.
However, the outlook is best when schizophrenia is diagnosed and treated right away. If you spot the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia and seek help without delay, you or your loved one can take advantage of the many treatments available and improve the chances of recovery.
Hostility or suspiciousness
Inappropriate laughter or crying
Oversleeping or insomnia
Odd or irrational statements
Forgetful; unable to concentrate
Hallucinations, delusions, paranoia
Hallucinations -- hearing or seeing imaginary things
Delusions -- wildly false beliefs
Paranoia -- the fear others are plotting against you
Thank you for your time :)
Summary-Schizophrenia and Crime
151 Participants. Studied to see if charges, convictions, and violence in people with schizophrenia could be predicted.
1.Claims: Charges, convictions, and violence of people with schizophrenia can be predicted.
2. Evidence: Shown in each of the tables given.
3. Evidence is credible. All tests are legitimate and can be repeated.
4. The terms were defined well. The tables were slightly difficult to read.
5.Theoretical Perspective: Cognitive.
Agree with claim. All evidence shows the relationships between schizophrenia and the types of crimes committed.
Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder with which it is difficult to: tell the difference between what is real and not real, think clearly, have normal emotional responses, act normally in social situations.
Michael and Susan say when their 10-year-old daughter, Jani, was born, they immediately noticed that she wasn’t like other children.
They say as a newborn, Jani would sleep only three hours a day. As she grew older, they say she would see, hear and feel things that were not there. At 6 years old, Jani was diagnosed with early-onset schizophrenia.
Jani, who has tested with a genius IQ, spends up to 95 percent of the time in an imaginary world she calls Calalini, where more than 100 people and animals reside.
Michael and Susan say Jani’s imaginary friends bring her comfort but also often encourage her to act out in violent ways. While medication regulates her explosive tendencies, Michael and Susan say they fear for her future
They share a candid look inside their life, including the toll schizophrenia has taken on their marriage. And, Dr. Phil spends the day with Jani to learn about her and her secret world.
Dr.Phil Critical Evaluation
What claims are being made?
That living with a child with Schizophrenia requires more attentiveness and work than most children without this disorder. What is life really like living with a child with that disorder and does it take a negative toll on the family?
What evidence has been provided to support the claims?
Dr.Phil interviewed the parents that raise 10 year old Jani to see how having a child with this disorder has effected their marriage and ways of raising their daughter. Dr.Phil was also given a permission to spend a day with Jani to gain a personal understanding by experience of being around the child.
Is the evidence credible?
The evidence is credible because Dr. Phil, is a known author, a known psychologist,an American television personality, and the host of the television show Dr. Phil, which debuted in 2002.
Did the authour provide god examples and define all terms?
Yes, Dr. Phil explained the disorder and other forms of the disorder and the similarities and differences between them. All of the terms were defined so the paper was easy to understand.
What contemporary theoretical perspective in psychology best explains the claims being made?
Personal opinion. Do you agree or disagree with the claim? can you apply what the article said to something in your life. What have you learned?
I agree with Dr.Phil's assumptions on the possibility of strains on families who have a schizophrenic family member. In Dr. Phil's interview with the parents it proved that there was a strain on the marriage because they spent so much of their efforts into raising their daughter that they no longer had time for each-other or anything else for that matter. I learned that it is a lot of work to take care of a child in general but even more so if they have complications such as schizophrenia. It gave me more of a perceptive and respect for the parents who are raising her and being selfless.
Schizophrenia is an extremely debilitating condition that often causes a variety of other conditions. One frequently seen in schizophrenics is social anxiety. This study shows a large correlation between outpatient schizophrenics and social anxiety.
Critical Evaluation- Social Anxiety
1.They Claim that social anxiety is a commonly debilitating condition in patients with schizophrenia.
2.Their evidence is a study with 80 schizophrenic patients and 27 social anxiety patients involving as assessment on the Liebowitz scale.
3.The experiment could be repeated and data was credible
4.They clearly explained their data and offered very intuitive tables
5.Theoretical perspective: Cognitive
Response: Social Anxiety
I agree with the article that social anxiety can be just as debilitating in schizophrenics as in patients with social anxiety. We've seen in class how these conditions alone effect patients but with this study we can attempt to take our first step to dealing with patients that have both of these conditions.