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Famous Greek Architecture

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on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Famous Greek Architecture

The Parthenon is the symbol of Greek Architecture. It is a masterpiece and one of the seven wonders of the world. Greek-Style Architecture Like every style of original architecture, the Greek's had their own style of architecture. Like other types of Architecture it has distinct details that make it 'Greek'.
Some of those details are:
Columns (3 types: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian).
Detailed Capitals and Pediments.
Usually the shape of a rectangle with a rectangle base pyramid on top.
Used for Palaces, Temples, Stadiums, Theater, and Tholos (sanctuaries for gods)
This may look like Roman architecture and that's true, they are similar. Many people take the Greek style and copy it, but they haven't made it look like a true Greek building Introduction The Ancient Greeks were one of the first people to be close to as modern as we are today. They were one of the first people to have the citizens govern themselves. They were the basis for modern math and science and Greece itself was home to many philosophers. The civilization had been wiped out hundreds of years before now, but what remains now may be able to tell us a thing or two about their culture. The Architecture they left behind is one of those things. In this presentation you will learn about some of the structures they left behind. The Parthenon Statue of Zeus at Olympia This statue was made by the Athenian sculptor Pheidias (Phidias), who is considered the greatest of the classical sculptor. It was for the Olympic Games, as an honor to the god Zeus. The statue was 40 ft tall, but it was destroyed in the 2nd century A.D Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Anjali Aralikar Famous Greek Architecture Social Studies The Greeks and The Romans Greek and Roman architecture are VERY similar. This must be because Rome invaded Greece took many of the Greek ideas. Which one is Greek and which one is Roman? Left: Greek; Right: Roman SITES I USED http://www.ancient-greece.org/architecture.html
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grarc/hd_grarc.htm
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/artarchaeologyarchitect/g/ZeusOlympia.htm The Parthenon http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Parthenon/ It took about 15 years to build and in the end a masterpiece that stands a wonder today. Parthenon Facts Where: Athens, Greece
How long it took to build: 15 years
When was it built: 447-432
Who commissioned it: Pericles of Athens
What is its use: It was used as a temple to honer the Goddess Athena, the Patron Goddess of Athens. Now vs. Then Now Then The Parthenon now is in deep damage from war and current conditions. The acid rain and smog that is emitted from the city is damaging it's surface and it is slowly crumbling. People now are struggling to keep it in good condition. It is also one of the 7 wonders of the world and many tourists flock to it each day. The Parthenon was a wonder of wonders back then. It was on the acropolis and was the heart of the Athenian city. Even though it was a expensive building, many Athenians came to pray to goddess Athena and Priests and Priestesses preformed rituals and sacrifices every day. When the wars came with other counties, the Parthenon was nearly destroyed. But people are still working to keep it alive even today. Video This video is about the Agora, or Greek Market, the Acropolis, and many other temples and sites. The Parthenon's Major role in life The Parthenon Played part in the Greeks Daily Life It was used for festivals.
It was used for daily prayers.
It was used for Sacrifices.
It was used for Storing Gold.
It was a temple for the Virgin Goddess Athena. http://www.timetrips.co.uk/parthenon.htm (2) The temple of Apollo at Delphi Zeus Statue Facts Location: Olympia, Greece
Builder: Pheidias (Phidias)
Purpose: For the Olympic Games
Current Location: ? It was mysteriously destroyed in the 2nd century AD http://www.ancient-greece.org/architecture/delphi-temple-of-apollo.html
http://www.odysseyadventures.ca/articles/delphi/articleDelphi02b.html This temple was rebuilt 3 times! It was in honor of the God Apollo and set in the city of Delphi. It was built by 2 architects, Trophonios and Agamedes, around the 7th century BC. Temple of Apollo Facts: Location: Delphi
Architects: Trophonios and Agamedes
Purpose: Temple in which the famed Oracle of Delphi would predict the future
Current Location: The Archeological site of Delphi. http://www.seven-wonders-world.com/temple_artemis_ephesus.htm The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. Proof that it is Greek Architecture, is the style of the columns and the actual place of the city. https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=temple+of+artemis+at+ephesus+ruins&ie=UTF-8&ei=PRtkUenvJsLw2gXxz4G4DQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAg
https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=temple+of+artemis+at+ephesus+ruins&ie=UTF-8&ei=PRtkUenvJsLw2gXxz4G4DQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAg The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Continued Temple of Artemis Facts Ancient Location: Ephesus, Turkey
Architect(s): Chersiphron (New)
Purpose: Temple to Worship the Goddess Artemis.
Current Location: Selcuk, Turkey Old, Middle, New The Temple of Artemis was built 3 different times, each bigger than the other. The original was small and had 8 columns on 4. Then King Croesus had it destroyed and rebuilt to be larger. This newer temple had a base of 155m (508 feet) on 60m (197 feet). This temple had 127 columns. But it was demolished again and built for the last time. This was the largest of the temples. It raised to more that 18 meters high and had Ionic columns. This temple sheltered the statues of Zeus and Artemis. It was destroyed for the last time on the 21st of July in 356 BC. You can find reproductions of the Statues in the museums of Naples, the Vatican and the Louvre. The Ancient Site of Ephesus Conclusion Greek Architecture through time had a big impact on Architecture of the Ancient worlds such as, Egyptian and Roman worlds. Greece is home to 2 of the seven wonders of the Ancient World,. Why they are so magnificent is a mstery. Many are still trying to find the secrets of the Enigmatic Greeks. Thanks for Watching! Greek Pictures The Parthenon The Temple at Delphi Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Map of Ancient Greece Greek Architecture in America Parthenon U.S. Treasury Parthenon,
Nashville Tennessee The Statue of Zeus at Olympia The Statue of Zeus was destroyed mysteriosly so these are recreations of what it might have looked like.
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