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Elements of Plot

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Casey Cerbus

on 3 June 2010

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Transcript of Elements of Plot

Elements of Plot Conflict: Opposition between characters in a work of drama or fiction, especially opposition that motivates or shapes the action of the plot. Examples of Conflict: The Drummer Boy of Shiloh- man vs. self, the boy in the story cannot help but be scared to march as the drummer boy in the particular battle and has to fight himself to finally conquer his fear and do it.
A Ribbon For Baldy- man vs. nature, in the story the boy decides to do a project for school by plowing a hill, by doing this he has to fight nature to get the work done.
The Diary of Anne Frank- man vs. man, in the diary Anne Frank and all of her Jewish family and friends have to go into hiding from the Nazis to avoid being captured and taken away. Personal Examples: Man vs. self- When a person is trying to teach themselves or learn something new.
Man vs. nature- When you are shoveling snow.
Man vs. man- When you get into an arguement with someone in your family, or basically anyone. Conflict can be remembered very easily by knowing that the prefix con- means disadvantage, and with CONflict there is always a negative connotation. Rising Action: The round characters are developed, the conflicts are increased and acted out in many ways, motives are introduced, things happen. Generally the major part of a novel or story. Examples of Rising Action: The Diary of Anne Frank- When the family and friends are in hiding, waiting to see what the outcome of their lives would be.
Flowers For Algernon: The period of time between the incline and decline of Charlie's intelligence levels.
Personal Example: The day/night before an exciting event, the anticipation building until finally the next day comes.
You can remember rising action by knowing that rising means the aproach of, and that action means something done or performed. Climax: The "high point" of the story in which the major conflicts erupt in some type of final showdown. Examples of the Climax: Sounder- When the father returns home to the family after several years in jail.
Flowers for Algernon- Charlie reaches his highest intelligence point. Personal Example: When your opening a present and you see what's finally in it. A good way to remember the term climax is to break down the word into CLIM which sortive sounds like ClIMB, and people usually climb things to get to the top or MAX, as in maximum height or peak. Resolution: Where everything ends; the reader may have some sense of "closure" or may be asked to think about what might come next. Examples of resolution: A Ribbon for Baldy- At the end of the story when the boy finally is done with the work on the hill and gets a good score on the project over-all.
Sounder- Also at the end of the novel, the boy has a sense of closure when both his father and Sounder die, he now can move on in life. Personal Example: At the end of the week on Friday's, most people feel a sense of closure, because they know the week is over and they can have peace of mind before its starts all over again on Monday. A way you can remember the term resolution is by seeing and knowing the word resolve which means to clear away or dispel and the suffix -tion means an action. So putting the two words together you get the action of clearing something up. Subplot: The secondary action of a story, that reinforces or contrasts with the main point. Examples of Subplots: Flowers for Algernon- The relationship between Charlie and his teacher.
Sounder- When the boy goes to live with the teacher so he can learn different things during the winter months. Personal Example: When your in a conversation with someone and their telling you a story, but then you hear it from a dfferent person in a completly different way. The best way to remember the term subplot is by breaking it into its prefix and suffix. Sub- meaning secondary and plot meaning storyline. Dynamic/ Static Characters: A dynamic character encounters some type of conflict and as a result is changed by it. While a staric character is a character who does not undergo any major substantial growth or change during the story. Examples of Dynamic/ Static Characters: Flowers for Algernon- Charlie was a dynamic character because he changed several times throughout the story.
A Ribbon for Baldy- The boy in the store was considered a static character because his motivation did not change throughout the story. Personal Example: Sometimes in music videos and movies there are different dynamic and static characters. A way to tell the difference between a static and dynamic character is looking at the word static and seeing that the word looks like stand, which means no motion or change in direction. This way you can determine the difference. Dramatic Irony: This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the character does. Plot Diagram ^ Examples of Dramatic Irony: Flowers for Algernon- When Charlie doesn't realize that his "friends" are laughing at him not with him.
The Diary of Anne Frank- When everyone thought that rats were taking the food, but we knew that it was really Mr. Van Daan. Personal Examples: When someone tells an "inside joke" that most but not all people get. The term dramatic irony can be remembered by knowing that when someone watches a drama or a play the audience always doesn't know something in the plot. Throughout all of the stories we've read this past year we have been able to use a plot diagram for each. QUIZ TIME! 1. What is the conflict of the story? 2. What is the rising action of a story? 3. What is the climax in The Diary of Anne Frank? 4. What is the resolution in Sounder? 5. What is a subplot in Flower's for Algernon? 6. Give an example of a static or dynamic character in any of the novels we've read this year. 7. Give an example of dramatic irony in any of the novels we have read this year. Lastly, draw a plot diagram and lable all of it's parts (A,B,C, and D)
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