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Sustainable Energy in the Developing World

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by

Prateek Puri

on 8 December 2013

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Transcript of Sustainable Energy in the Developing World

Future Outlook
Developing countries are making an significant push for sustainability
Too little too late?
Adaptation to climate change, avoiding "technological imperialism", funding issues
Global Energy Fund? Global R&D fund?
Sustainable Energy in the Developing World
Quantifying the Issue
Rapid drive for industrialization
Population Increases
Some estimates project the global share of carbon emissions rising to 55%
Developing countries are expecting to outpace developed countries by 127% in CO2 emission by 2040
However carbon emission intensities have fallen
Main Variables
Government supported green policies
Economic business incentives
Solutions have mirrored those pursued by developed nations
Government Support
Subsidies for environmental practices
Investment in RET''s
Economic discouragement of environmentally harmful operations
Business Incentives
Significant gains in employment
Energy Market Expansion to domestic and agricultural sectors
Industrial Growth that has spurred foreign investment
The Problem
How has active has the developing world been in the green revolution?
Merely spectators or active participants?
Government policies and economic incentives have been driving factors
Subsidized Programs
China - $100 grants for every biodigester installed in farms
Mexico - member of OECD and subsidized installemnt of 1000 solar water heaters
Production based incentives as opposed to direct investments
Renewable Energy Technologies
Foreign investment has paved the way for government investment green RD
$600 million in grants from Global Environmental Policy
Has allowed photovoltaics, biofuel, and solar technology availability
Anti-environmental
Discouragement
Carbon taxes
India generated $25 million in taxes that were used to fund the National Clean Energy Fund
Example of creative policy making
Employment Gains
400,000 jobs created in Brazil for ethanol production
250,000 more positions created for solar heating industries in China
Employment benefits have facilitated pro-green policies in economic crisis
Market Expansion
RET's such as solar stoves and biogas generators have entered the domestic sector
Green technologies such as solar lighting have become available to the masses, increasing customer base
Proliferation of sustainability for the agricultural sector as well
Industrial Growth
Growth of RET usage has attracted foreign investment
Additional funds have been utilized to further expand green technologies
International collaboration has also expanded the market for RET's
Things I would have done differently
More unbiased data, less selective
Focused more in depth on one country
Difficulties I encountered

Finding relevant data
What have I learned
More aware of challenges facing green revolution
Even developing countries are concerned with global warming, why aren't we more involved?
Full transcript