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INDIRECT AND DIRECT LEARNING STRATEGIES

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by

Krliux Valdés

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of INDIRECT AND DIRECT LEARNING STRATEGIES

INDIRECT AND DIRECT STRATEGIES LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES INDIRECT STRATEGIES Metacognitive
Affective
Social DIRECT STRATEGIES Cognitive
Memory
Compensation Metacognitive Centering your learning Arranging and planning your learning Evaluating your learning Overviewing and linking with already material
Paying attention
Delaying speech production to focus on listening Finding out about language learning
Organizing
Setting goals and objectives
Identifying the purpose of a language task
Planning for a language task
Seeking practice opportunities Self-monitoring
Self-evaluating Affective Lowering your anxiety Encouraging yourself Taking your emotional temperature Listening to your body
Using a check list
Writing a language learning diary
Discussing your feelings with someone else Using progressive relaxation, deep breathing, or meditation
Using music
Using laughter Making positive statements
Taking risks wisely
Rewarding yourself Social Asking questions Cooperating with others Empathizing with others Developing cultural understanding
Becoming aware of others' thoughts and feelings Asking for clarification
Asking for correction Cooperating with peers
Cooperating with proficient users of new language Cognitive Practicing Receiving and sending messages Analyzing and reasoning Reasoning deductively
Analyzing expressions
Analyzing contrastively
Translating
Transferring Taking notes
Summarizing
Highlighting Repeating
Formally practicing with sounds and writing systems
Recognizing and using formulas and patterns
Recombining
Practicing naturalistically Getting the idea quickly
Using resources for receiving and sending messages Creating structure for input and output Memory Creating mental linkages Applying images and sounds Reviewing well Structured reviewing Using physical response or sensation
Using mechanical techniques Grouping
Associating/elaborating
Placing new words into a context Using imagery
Semantic mapping
Using keywords
Representing sounds in memory Employing action Compensation Guessing intelligently Overcoming limitations in speaking and writing Switching to the mother tongue
Getting help
Using mime or gesture
Avoiding communication partially or totally
Selecting the topic
Adjusting or approximating the message
Coining words
Using a circumlocution or synonym Using linguistic clues
Using other clues
Full transcript