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les miserables presentation
Transcript of les miserables presentation
a classic and a story of the
by: Victor Hugo
a short summary
In this section, Valjean escapes from prison and goes through a
a short summary
In this section, the readers are introduced to Marius,
a short summary
We finally witness Cosette and Marius meet after Eponine
a short summary
a short summary
ST DENIS AND THE IDYL
AND THE RUE PLUMET
transformation, choosing to start a new life. He saves Fantine,
a prostitute who has given up everything for her child. Javert
believes convicts should live as outsiders. The mayor confesses to being Jean
Valjean to save an innocent man, and soon after, Fantine dies, ending this
section with Javert chasing Jean Valjean once again.
a changed man
learns to be honest
hatred towards those who
were socially unacceptable
blinded by the law
has no moral compass and lacks
honest, to a fault
represents the government &
lack of compassion
as a mother
as a woman
*trusting, to a fault
*her happiness is her child
*sacrifice is (second nature)
*strong, but weak-minded
embodies the ugliness of
DEATH IN LIFE
& LIFE IN DEATH
In this section, Valjean goes to retrieve Cosette
from the Thernadiers, and after a little bargaining,
succeeds. Valjean and Cosette run away in hiding from
Javert and his police in the Gorbeau House. Eventually, Javert
becomes suspicious of their living here, and so Valjean and
Cosette move to a convent where Cosette is raised along with
other girls by nuns, while Valjean gardens.
her father and protector
*hides his secrets well
it is the only way he will be able to
keep Cosette and himself safe
*learns to love
*embodies the purity, even in the face
of evil, greed, and lack of love
--is Valjean's reason to love and be
an honorable man.
--constantly hid in the shadows, under the
represent the greed & corruption
it's effect on a larger scale
Raise Cosette in her early years
--make her feel helpless & lonely
(as a child)
a boy who grew up with his grandfather, but learns the
truth about his courageous father when he grows up.
When Marius visits his father's deathbed, he is given a note, that asks
Marius to find a man named Thenardier and assist him in any way
possible because he had saved his father's life once. Later, when
Marius begins to support the revolution, he disagrees with his grandpa
and moves out. During this time, he "falls in love" with Cosette, and
learns he is neighbors with Thenardier. When he learns of Thenardier's
plan to harm Cosette and Valjean, he is torn between love and his
father's dying wish
finds Cosette for him. As we witness the growth of their
love, we also privy to the escape of several prisoners, including Thenardier
Then, when Valjean sees Thenardier free again, he panics and decides to
move to England, with Cosette. This complicates things for Cosette &
Marius, and as a result, Marius tries to prevent this by marrying Cosette
but the next time he tries to see her, she's gone. After losing Cosette,
Marius joins the fight for revolution, and there he witnesses a dying
Eponine, who gives him a note that Cosette had written to him. Realizing she
still loves him, he writes her a note, telling her about his fight, and possible
death. But, when the note is delivered, Valjean intercepts it. When he reads it,
he runs off to join the revolution, because if Marius dies, Cosette would be
*a young man following his opinion, as he makes
his life his own
a fool in love
*expresses the nature of young
men at the time
--Unwanted child of the Thenardiers
--living on the streets, but still finds happiness
doesn't blame his parents for anything
represents the side of life in which
happiness is not dependent
--falls in love with Marius and is willing to
do anything for him
sacrifices her love for his
--is forced into her family's crimes
--proves herself different from her
parents when she cares about
someone other than
In this section, Cosette is a child and we are not introduced to her formally, but we can infer that she is a symbol of hope as she is the main force that keeps Fantine alive, even after she literally hits rock bottom in terms of happiness and living conditions.
These candlesticks were given to Valjean by Msr. Bienvienu as helpful tools, meant be sold for money to help him start a new life. Instead, Valjean keeps these silver candlesticks among his most treasured belongings. These candlesticks symbolize the purity and selflessness that can exist beyond the presence/possibility of luxury and greed.
THE SILVER CANDLESTICKS
COSETTE’S NEW ATTIRE
In the beginning of this section, Cosette is describes awing over a doll as if it’s the most precious thing she’s seen in the world and she looks at it with true desire. Later, Valjean buys her this doll, seeing her desire for it, and this doll symbolizes the mark of a new beginning for Cosette. The new clothes Valjean buys for Cosette also symbolize that he life will change, and from poverty, she moves onto leading a decent, healthy life.
The convent symbolizes shelter for Jean Valjean and Cosette in the midst of all the turmoil, corruption, and danger of the outside world. This acts as shelter not only by serving as a home, but also a hiding place that Javert cannot infiltrate, and where Cosette is kept from outside influence, so she’ll never have a reason to leave Valjean.
Marius' traveling coat symbolizes the shadows that are cast upon him throughout this section. First, it's the shadow of the Grandfather, who influences Marius into supporting the monarchy. Then it's the shadow of his father, who influences him into supporting Napoleon. It's not until Marius loses this jacket, or these shadows, that he finds himself and his own idealism.
The jacket also symbolizes protection that has kept Marius sheltered from the problems of others. This makes him extremely innocent, again to a fault, because he doesn't realize how his actions affect others such as Valjean, Cosette, and Eponine.
Through the eyes and ears of Marius, we meet Eponine, the elder daughter of the Thenardiers, once again. However, Eponine is no longer the sweet, beautiful child that she was when Cosette had lived with them. Now, she is a "pale, puny, meager creature," (pg.285) and beneath this face of a young, ugly, yet once graceful girl, is a symbol of the horrendous experiences of corruption, misfortune, and poverty.
--holding on to the last, precious
moments he will have with Cosette
--sacrifice: the risk of his life
for her happiness
--independence and freedom
--represents the growth in life
makes her own decisions
doesn't abide by her father's rules
--grows into a man
finds his path as a revolutionary
falls in love
--represents the nature of
--as a symbol, represents two sides of life
for one, he represents the innocence and innate kindness
he is also a living, breathing representation of the LACK
of love of the Thenardiers. (they're so ignorant that they
don't even realize they have to care for their child.
When Babet told Thenardier that the boy (Gavroche) was
his son, Thenardier answered, "Pshaw. Do you think so?"
--represents the flight and freedom of the characters
As Cosette and Marius grow up and fall in love, their freedom
becomes an important part of their relationship.
-Cosette becomes a free bird, when she chooses to meet
Marius, and when she chooses to free herself from her
a little more, and Marius becomes free when he walks away
from his grandfather
Cosette and Jean Valjean are both characters of flight, as
they rise up from their miserable circumstances and succeed
ST DENIS AND THE IDYL
AND THE RUE PLUMET
--we see Marius become an adult, as he
makes decisions for himself
--we also see that, like Jean Valjean,
he has a moral compass that drives
him to do the right thing.
--we also see that he is
--moral judgment and selflessness are
lets Cosette go and allows her
to find happiness in marriage
the only time we see Javert vulnerable and
doubting his beliefs
proves that he does have a conscience
is torn between his two duties:
to himself & to the law
*RULE OF LAW
--during the wedding party, 2 chairs were brought out: one for
M. Gillenormand and one for Jean Valjean, but Valjean was not there
so, the seat was left empty
represents Jean Valjean's emptiness as he lets the only thing
he ever loved go
-- After Valjean didn't show, Marius took the seat
represents how Marius has now taken over the role of
guardian and protector of Cosette. He filled the void.
--this clean slate represents Jean Valjean, in both life and death
in life, Valjean had a clean slate plenty of times; when he created
a new life for himself, first as M. Madeleine, and then as
in death, like the clear slab, his conscience was clear as well.
-he fulfilled all his promises: to Fantine, and to M. Bienvenu
also represents his enigmatic nature
In this section, we witness Jean Valjean going to the barricades
saving Javert's life by pretending to murder him, and saving
Marius's life when he was mortally wounded. But, when Valjean
was on his way to take Marius to his home, Javert found him, but in return
for saving his life, Javert could not arrest Valjean. Therefore, after Marius was
dropped off, Javert struggled with this moral dilemma, and ultimately couldn't
handle it, and committed suicide. Later, Marius recovers, and he and Cosette are
married. At their marriage, Valjean tells Marius the truth about his identity, but
Marius misunderstands, and assumes the worst. But later, when he meets
Thenardier, Thenardier inadvertently corrects Marius' misconception, and Marius
rushed to take Cosette to her father, and Valjean dies a peaceful death.
young men of the time
Tushara Govind & Payal Morari p.5