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Andrew Jackson

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Eden Ellingson

on 15 March 2016

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Transcript of Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson: The People's President
The Common Man:

Jackson won the 1828 election -
7th President
Tariff Debate:
While watching the video, write 3
new things you learned about A.J.
Election of 1824:
The Corrupt Bargain
Andrew Jackson vs.
John Quincy Adams vs.
Henry Clay vs.
William Crawford
Jacksonian Democracy
What do we know about Andrew Jackson?
First 4 presidents?
5th President: James Monroe
Jackson and the Natives
The Second Bank of the United States
What Happened?

Andrew Jackson won most popular vote (people's vote), but.....

No Candidate won majority of electoral votes, so who becomes president?????
The winner is.....
John Quincy Adams
The Corrupt Bargain:

Henry Clay (as Speaker of the House)
helps elect JQA and in exchange becomes
JQA's Secretary of State
People are MAD!
Andrew Jackson is seen as the spokesman for the common man.
People think JQA stole the election!
Inaugural Party:
One Wild Party
Westward Expansion:

country needs more room, but...

Natives live there!

five Civilized Tribes
Cherokee
Creek
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Seminole
Lived in...
Alabama
Georgia
Florida
Mississippi
Trail of Tears
1830 - Congress passed
Indian Removal Act

1834 - Congress established
Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

Trail of Tears:
Trail Indians took to get to reservations in Indian Territory

As a separate nation, the Cherokees refused to leave

"We are aware that some persons suppose it will be for our advantage to remove beyond the Mississippi ... Our people universally think otherwise... We wish to remain on the land of our fathers."

-Appeal of the Cherokee Nation, 1830
Worcester v. Georgia
The Cherokee Nation sued Georgia

Case went all the way to the Supreme Court

Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the United States cannot force the Cherokee off their land

ANDREW JACKSON IGNORED THE RULING!

The Seminole Wars
The Seminole Indians fought back and won! Stayed on their land (Florida)
The Second Bank of the United States gave the wealthy lots of power




Bank's charter was up for renewal,
but Andrew Jackson VETOED it!
Spoils System:

Jackson fired many Federalist government officials and filled those positions with his friends
1828: Congress passed a high tariff

Good for North: trading


Bad for South: hurt their trading with Europe
Vice President John C. Calhoun - states have right to nullify federal law if not in state's best interest

Jackson disagreed

South Carolina passed Nullification Act and threatened to secede
Tariff: tax on imported goods






Nullify: refuse to accept

Secede: to leave
Vocabulary
Nullification
Jackson and the
removal of the Natives
Both of Jackson’s parents, Andrew and Elizabeth, were born in Northern Ireland, and in 1765 they set sail for America.
His parents then settled in an area that covered both part of N. & S. Carolina
In an 1824 letter, Jackson wrote that he had been told that he had been born in his uncle’s South Carolina home, but dueling historic markers in both states still claim to be the true locations of Jackson’s birthplace.
And thus ends the era of good feelings.
The fiery Jackson had a propensity to respond to aspersions cast on his honor with pistols. Historians estimate that “Old Hickory” may have participated in anywhere between 5 and 100 duels. When a man named Charles Dickinson called Jackson “a worthless scoundrel, a paltroon and a coward” in a local newspaper in 1806, the future president challenged his accuser to a duel. At the command, Dickinson fired and hit Jackson in the chest. The bullet missed Jackson’s heart by barely more than an inch. In spite of the serious wound, Jackson stood his ground, raised his pistol and fired a shot that struck his foe dead. Jackson would carry around the bullet in his chest as well as another from a subsequent duel for the rest of his life.
Jackson the Dueler
http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-andrew-jackson
Trail of Tears
As Jackson was leaving the U.S. Capitol on January 30, 1835, following a memorial service for a congressman, a deranged house painter named Richard Lawrence fired a pistol at the president from just feet away. When Lawrence’s gun misfired, he pulled out a second weapon and squeezed the trigger. That pistol also misfired. An enraged Jackson charged Lawrence with his cane as the shooter was subdued. A subsequent investigation found the pistols to be in perfect working order. The odds of both guns misfiring were found to be 125,000 to 1.


Jackson First target of a
presidential Assassination Attempt
All fun facts from: http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-andrew-jackson
Full transcript