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Karla Nickel

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of POETRY

Arrangements of words
Deals with the layout of the words in a poem.
Literary Devices that Convey Meaning
Words and groups of words that
help writers communicate their specific message
to their readers.

: The use of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

: Words which, when spoken, suggest their meaning.
example: Boom, buzz, crackle, gurgle, hiss
Rhyme: Similar sounds between words, especially at the end of a poem.
example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
Humpthy Dumpty had a great fall.
Rhythm: Strong, regular, repeated pattern of sound.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound.
Dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.
The sack fell into the river with a splash.
Tyger, tyger, burning bright
In the forests of the night.

1. Are words or groups of words that

affect the reader when they hear it
example: This place is like a Garden of Eden.
Allusion: Mentioning a well-known historical or literary person, place or thing.
Paradox: A statement that appears to oppose itself but may include some truth.
Oxymoron: A combination of two contradictory or opposite words to create an effect.
example: All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.
example: Jumbo Shrimp
Hyperbole: Gross exaggeration for effect; an overstatement.
This is the best example ever!!!!
Understatement: To make something seem less important than it really is.
Don't worry about this device it's only on your provincial.
Giving inanimate objects, animals or ideas human characteristics or emotions.
example: the fire swallowed the entire forest
example: The skies of his future began to darken.
example: I wandered lonely as a cloud.
Metaphor: A direct or implied comparison between two things that are unalike.
Simile: A direct comparison of two unlike objects using the words like, as or than.
Symbolism: The use of one object to suggest another hidden object or idea. Metaphors and similes are examples o symbolism.
Sound Devices
1. Literary Devices
2. Creative Writing
3. Poetry Analysis
4. Public Speaking
Literary Devices Are...
example: Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
And Immortality.

example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
2. They can
strike the reader as clever, pleasing, soothing and even jarring

When done properly, the
different literary devices help readers value, understand, and analyze
a poem or story.

Four main groups of literary terms...
1. Sound Devices
2. Devices that convey Meaning
3. Imagery
4. Form
3. They
help guide the reader's response
They do this by

controlling the flow, rhythm or pattern of words
, and creating an
overall feel, mood, or tone
or word choice is very important to a poet because...

refers to words that have a precise, literal, concrete , or dictionary meaning.
1. Most words convey several meanings at the same time.
2. It is the poet's job to find words that carry their exact intended meaning.
This means a writer has to think about not just the dictionary meaning of a word, but the underlying meaning that is attached to the word.

This is called the connotation and denotation.
Understatement: To make something seem less important than it really is.
Pun: A joke that uses the fact that there is more than one possible meaning to a word.
Analogy: Comparing two things that are unalike and then explaining that comparison.
Example: Life is like a race. The one who keeps running wins the race and the one who stops to catch a breath loses.
Example: Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana.
refers to words that have a layered, abstract, implied, imagined or assumed meaning.
Theme: The central idea or ideas discussed in a written work.
Examples: Death, revenge, love, etc.
Mood: The feeling a piece of literature arouses in the reader.
Example: happiness, sadness, peacefulness, etc.
Tone: The emotional state or attitude of the speaker/narrator, as communicated through the written piece.
Example: serious, humorous, sarcastic, etc.

A host, of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the Milky Way

Which is better?
There is a field of daffodils.

They are beside a lake and under some trees.

The wind makes them all move continuously.
Poets include strong visual and sensory cues to connect with their reader, and make their meaning clearer.
Imagery can apply to any part of a poem that brings up an experience involving the five senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell).

1. Sight: This deals with things you can see.
Example: The red light glowed dimly through the straight trees.
It can be more meaningful to show your reader rather than just tell them.
Imagery in text is the use of sensory detail or the five senses to create a mental picture.
2. Sound: This deals with things you can hear.
Example: The chirp of crickets floated softly across the pond.
3. Touch: This deals with things you can feel.
Example: The blanket felt like crushed velvet as it molded around me and warmed me against the cool night.
4. Taste: This deals with flavors.
Example: The tangy lemonade quenched her thirst.
5. Smell: This deals with how things smell.
Example: The sharp smell of cedar reminded her of her family's cabin.
Create a List of Words that Deal with the Five Senses
Using words that
something you can see, hear, smell, touch, and feel.
Why are there different types of poetry?
overall form
Words are the starting point to any
written work. They are arranged into
lines of a poem.
The arrangement of words into a line give poems a different look than other forms of writing.

In poetry the arrangement of the line does not always indicate the end of a sentence, but rather patterns of sounds.
Verses are single lines of poetry arranged in a regular pattern.
A stanza is the arrangement of lines or verses of poetry into units which often have
1. A repeating rhythm (or meter)
2. A specific arrangement of rhyming words (or rhyme scheme).
All of these things help to organize the words into different types or forms of poetry.

Each form of poetry has a specific set of characteristics that help define them.
Match the example to the definition.
Then say why that poem fits the definition
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