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Transcript of Tunisia
Tunisia was once ruled by many different countries; France was the last before its independence. Physical Environment Political & Legal Systems Economy Family Life Knowledge & Beliefs Art Recreation & Leisure Communication Material Goods Tunisia is an industrialized society. Other than manufacturing, which uses mostly machinery, the main work force in Tunisia is human labour.
France is Tunisia's largest import & export partner.
The minimum manufacturing working age is 16.
Owning land, having high status, and being a powerful businessperson are some important properties.
1$ CAD is approximately 1.6 Tunisian Dinars (TND). tourism
agriculture (employing nearly 1/3 of the workforce)
manufacturing Rites of Passage A week after a baby is born, he or she wears amulets decorated with corn, fish, or teeth to protect him or her from evil forces, and to bring good luck. When a boy reaches ages 5-7, he is circumcised, usually by a doctor or barber when he goes to the mosque. Marriages & Weddings Tunisian women must be at least 17 years old to marry, and have the right to refuse marriage proposals. Nowadays, it is acceptable for Muslim women to marry non-Muslim men. Tunisian art reflects all the different cultures (i.e. Roman, Arab, French, Greek) that have once ruled Tunisia and have influenced the Tunisian culture, often working their way into its art.Tunisia's art reflects their diverse culture and rich heritage.
Some of its art dates back to the Roman era. The Djem amphitheater is the 3rd largest Roman remains in the world. As shown in the images, the art forms and designs have significant differences from each other. Some look European, some Roman, and some Arabic.
Some prominent art forms in Tunisia are architecture, mosaics, pottery, and carpets. Most Tunisians spend their leisure time playing sports. Water sports are very popular in Tunisia, since it borders the Mediterranean. Sailing, scuba diving, and swimming are especially popular.
Other sports include soccer, golf, tennis, hunting and fishing. Tunisia is also famous for its beautiful beaches. Many people enjoy relaxing at a beach when they have time. Public education is free, and school is compulsory for children up to age 16. Muslim: 98%
Jewish: 1% Islam is the main religion in Tunisia, this is why Islamic practices are all known throughout Tunisia. For instance, during the holy month of Ramadan, fasting takes place. Most (Islamic) people know that during this time, it's best not to smoke or drink in public, even though they themselves are not fasting. As well, most shops would close during the fasting hours (dawn to dusk). The rural areas in Tunisia are more traditional, this can be seen by the clothing the women wear. The women there dress more conservatively (covering arms, legs, and head in public). While the urban places in Tunisia are more Westernized, especially the young women. Many young women there wear sleeveless tops and shorter skirts. Currently, Tunisia is aiming to advance their science and technology. Most of their energy now comes from fossil fuels. It is now making more cooperation with the US and some EU countries. Official language: Arabic
French is usually used and spoken for business purposes. The importance of French in Tunisia is similar to that in Canada. In fact, a portion of daily newspapers are published in French.
Berber is also spoken by a small population. Tunisian food is North African food influenced by European cuisines, especially the French and Italian. Couscous, shown below, is one of the most famous Tunisian dishes.
Some common foods are olive, rice. tomatoes, and chicken. Spices are very popular in Tunisian dishes. Food Shelter Most homes in Tunisia are the traditional houses, which usually are small houses that line narrow streets, parallel to each other. These houses are typically 3 stories high, and has access to a flat roof. Clothing The traditional clothing, Islamic clothing, are loose robes that cover arms, legs, and heads. Many young Tunisians prefer sporting Westernized clothing, sometimes in combination with traditional Tunisian clothing such as a hat. Education is an important value to Tunisians, especially for those who are among the upper- or middle-class.
Many Tunisians hold the belief that they should help others without expecting returns. They readily help people who are less fortunate than themselves. Climate The climate and terrain of Tunisia affects the farming and agriculture.
The climate in Tunisia varies depending on the region. It is dry and hot in the south, and mild and warm in the north.
Some of the southern areas of Tunisia meets the Sahara Desert. Industries Tunisia is a Republic.
Current President: Moncef Marzouki (Chief of State)
The president is elected by the people every 5 years.
He or she must be Muslim, over 40 years old, born in Tunisia, and have Tunisian ancestry dating back to his or her grandfather.
The president appoints other members of parliament. All bill must be signed by the president before a law is passed. All politicians must be over age 30, and born from a Tunsian father.
The legal voting age is 20; Tunisia is one of the Arab countries where women have the right to vote.
All persons in Tunisia are innocent until proven guilty. Polygamy is banned in Tunisia. if it does exist, the woman has the right to raise divorce. Some couples in Tunisia now sign legal documents stating the terms of marriage and divorce before they marry. After the ceremony, the bride circles her father's house 7 times, as a goodbye to her family before starting a new life with her husband. For the wedding, the Islamic bride must have her body hair waxed off, her skin rubbed by herbs, and her hands and feet decorated with henna. Business When meeting, Tunisians shake hands, then exchange business cards, which are in French. Many meetings are scheduled during lunch or dinner, and sometimes, weekends. During business meetings, family or personal issues are not discussed. Tunisia Crafts Tunisia is famous for its beautiful carpets. Carpet weaving dates back many centuries. Tunisian carpets are handwoven, and usually have intricate patterns or designs on them. Transportation Most Tunisians travel by bus or taxi. They sometimes take the train, which transports not only people, but also freight. There are 29 airports and 6 ports in Tunisia.