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Transcript of Poetry
Can rhyme or be a free verse poem Diamante Poem A diamante is a poem in the shape of a diamond.
It does not have to rhyme, but each line uses specific types of words.
Action verbs, nouns and adjectives
It can be about one topic (synonym) or two opposite (antonym) topics. Third Grade Free Verse Poetry Can be about anything you want.
No set rhyme scheme Rhyming Poetry What is Poetry? Miss Arena Parts of Speech Noun- A person, place, thing, or animal
Adjective - Describing word
Verb - Action words Our Turn! Our Five Senses Touch
What does it feel like?
What does it look like?
What does it taste like?
What does it smell like?
What does it sound like? Directions 1. Think
2. Turn and talk with one or two partners
3. Write idea on sticky note
4. Place idea in parking lot Create your own! Use your first name at the top, and your last name at the bottom. Is this free verse poetry or rhyming poetry? Think: Rhymes are words that end with the same sound. (Hat, cat and bat rhyme.)
Rhyming sounds don’t have to be spelled the same way. (Cloud and allowed rhyme.)
Rhyme is the most common sound device in poetry. Rhyme AABB – lines 1 & 2 rhyme and lines 3 & 4 rhyme
ABAB – lines 1 & 3 rhyme and lines 2 & 4 rhyme
ABBA – lines 1 & 4 rhyme and lines 2 & 3 rhyme
ABCB – lines 2 & 4 rhyme and lines 1 & 3 do not rhyme Poets can choose from a variety of different rhyming patterns.
(See next four slides for examples.) Rhyming Patterns First Snow Snow makes whiteness where it falls.
The bushes look like popcorn balls.
And places where I always play,
Look like somewhere else today.
By Marie Louise Allen AABB Rhyming Pattern Oodles of Noodles I love noodles. Give me oodles.
Make a mound up to the sun.
Noodles are my favorite foodles.
I eat noodles by the ton.
By Lucia and James L. Hymes, Jr. ABAB Rhyming Pattern From “Bliss” Let me fetch sticks,
Let me fetch stones,
Throw me your bones,
Teach me your tricks.
By Eleanor Farjeon ABBA Rhyming Pattern The Alligator The alligator chased his tail
Which hit him in the snout;
He nibbled, gobbled, swallowed it,
And turned right inside-out.
by Mary Macdonald ABCB Rhyming Pattern Free verse poetry doesn’t follow any specific patterns in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length; free verse may contain rhymes, but they are not used in a prescribed manner Figurative Language The snake slithered silently along the sunny sidewalk. Alliteration is the repetition of the first consonant sound in words, as in the nursery rhyme “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”
(See next slide for example.) Alliteration This Tooth I jiggled it
and poked it.
As soon as I stopped,
And left it alone
This tooth came out
On its very own!
by Lee Bennett Hopkins Alliteration Example Words that represent the actual sound of something are words of onomatopoeia. Dogs “bark,” cats “purr,” thunder “booms,” rain “drips,” and the clock “ticks.”
Appeals to the sense of sound.
(See next slide for example.) Onomatopoeia Listen Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch.
Crunch, crunch, crunch.
Frozen snow and brittle ice
Make a winter sound that’s nice
Underneath my stamping feet
And the cars along the street.
Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch.
Crunch, crunch, crunch.
by Margaret Hillert Onomatopoeia Example Imagery is the use of words to create pictures, or images, in your mind.
Appeals to the five senses: smell, sight, hearing, taste and touch.
Details about smells, sounds, colors, and taste create strong images.
To create vivid images writers use figures of speech. Five Senses Imagery Figures of speech are tools that writers use to create images, or “paint pictures,” in your mind.
Similes, metaphors, and personification are three figures of speech that create imagery. Figures of Speech The runner streaked like a cheetah. A simile compares two things using the words “like” or “as.”
Comparing one thing to another creates a vivid image.
(See next slide for example.) Simile Flint An emerald is as green as grass,
A ruby red as blood;
A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;
A flint lies in the mud.
A diamond is a brilliant stone,
To catch the world’s desire;
An opal holds a fiery spark;
But a flint holds fire.
By Christina Rosetti Simile Example The winter wind is a wolf howling at the door. A metaphor compares two things without using the words “like” or “as.”
Gives the qualities of one thing to something that is quite different.
(See next slide for example.) Metaphor The Night is a Big Black Cat The Night is a big black cat
The moon is her topaz eye,
The stars are the mice she hunts at night,
In the field of the sultry sky.
By G. Orr Clark Metaphor Example The moon smiled down at me. Personification gives human traits and feelings to things that are not human – like animals or objects.
(See next slide for example.) Personification From “Mister Sun” Mister Sun
Wakes up at dawn,
Puts his golden
Climbs the summer
Sky at noon,
With the moon.
by J. Patrick Lewis Personification Example Thrill Ride
sharp in my ears.
My heart jumps. Skips.
It’s up. It’s up higher.
It’s up, up the highest.
Hands grasp at the clouds.
Then a forever pause. Still. Waiting.
down. Free Verse Revenge
When I find out who took the last cooky
out of the jar and left me a bunch of
stale old messy crumbs, I'm going to take
me a handful and crumb up someone's bed.
By Myra Cohn Livingston A free verse poem does not use rhyme or patterns.
Can vary freely in length of lines, stanzas, and subject. Free Verse Sick
"I cannot go to school today,"
Said little Peggy Ann McKay.
"I have the measles and the mumps,
A gash, a rash and purple bumps.
My mouth is wet, my throat is dry,
I'm going blind in my right eye.
My tonsils are as big as rocks,
I've counted sixteen chicken pox
And there's one more--that's seventeen,
And don't you think my face looks green?
My leg is cut--my eyes are blue--
It might be instamatic flu.
I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke,
I'm sure that my left leg is broke--
My hip hurts when I move my chin,
My belly button's caving in,
My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained,
My 'pendix pains each time it rains.
My nose is cold, my toes are numb.
I have a sliver in my thumb.
My neck is stiff, my voice is weak,
I hardly whisper when I speak.
My tongue is filling up my mouth,
I think my hair is falling out.
My elbow's bent, my spine ain't straight,
My temperature is one-o-eight.
My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear,
There is a hole inside my ear.
I have a hangnail, and my heart is--what?
What's that? What's that you say?
You say today is. . .Saturday?
G'bye, I'm going out to play!"
by Shel Silverstein