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LGBT Facts

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Matthew Engh

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of LGBT Facts

LGBT Fact Presentation
1800s
1900-1940s
1950s
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
2010s
1828
The term “crime against nature” is coined in the U.S. Criminal Code.
1962
Illinois becomes the first state to decriminalize homosexual acts
1867
“Father of the LGBT Movement”
 Karl-Heinrich Ulrichs is the first to speak out for gay rights.
1869
The term "homosexuality" appears in print for the first time in a German-Hungarian pamphlet written by Karl-Maria Kertbeny (1824–1882).
1889
In Italy, homosexuality is legalized; the Cleveland Street Scandal
erupts in England.
1892
First use of “bisexual” appears in Charles Gilbert Chaddock’s translaPon of Richard von Krafft-Ebing’s Psychopathia Sexualis.
1903
First use of “bisexual” appears in Charles Gilbert Chaddock’s tIn New York on February 21, 1903, New York police conducted the first United States recorded raid on a gay bathhouse, the Ariston Hotel Baths.

26 men were arrested and 12 brought to trial on sodomy charges; 7 men received sentences ranging from 4 to 20 years in prison.
1910
Emma Goldman first begins speaking publicly in favor of homosexual rights. Magnus Hirschfeld later wrote "she was the first and only woman, indeed the first and only American, to take up the defense of homosexual love before the general public."
1921
In England an attempt to make lesbianism illegal for the first time in Britain's history fails.
1924
The Society for Human Rights, the first
gay-rights organization in the United States, is founded. It is shut down by police
within a few months.
1936
Mona's 440 Club, the first lesbian bar in America, opened in San Francisco in 1936. Mona's waitresses and female performers wore tuxedos and patrons dressed their roles.
1937
The first use of the pink triangle for gay men in Nazi concentration camps.
1938
The word Gay is used for the first time in reference to homosexuality.
1946
"COC" (Dutch acronym for "Center for Culture and Recreation"), one of the earliest homophile organizations, is founded in the Netherlands. It is the oldest surviving LGBT organization.
1948
"Forbundet af 1948" ("League of 1948"), a homosexual group, is formed in Denmark.
1952
Christine Jorgensen becomes the first widely publicized person to have undergone sex reassignment surgery, in this case, male to female, creating a world-wide sensation.
1950
The Organization for Sexual Equality, now Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights (RFSL),
is formed in Sweden.
1954
Arcadie, the first homosexual
group in France, is formed.
1955
The Daughters of Bilitis, the first national U.S. lesbian organization, is formed.
1958
The Homosexual Law Reform Society is founded in the United Kingdom.
1958
The United States Supreme Court rules in favor of the First Amendment rights of a gay and lesbian magazine, marking the first time the United States Supreme Court had ruled on a case involving homosexuality.
1964
Canada sees its first
gay-positive organization, ASK.
1962
Illinois becomes the first state to decriminalize homosexual acts.
1966
The National Planning Conference of Homophile Organizations is formed.
1967
First use of the term P.R.I.D.E.
(Personal Rights In Defense and Education)
1969
Stonewall riots in New York gain national
attention for gay rights.
1970
First Gay Liberation Day March is held in New York City; similar events are held in Los Angeles and San Francisco.
1971
Society Five (a homosexual rights organization)
is formed in Melbourne, Australia.
1971
George Klippert, the last man jailed for homosexuality in Canada, is released from prison.
1972
Sweden becomes first country in the world to allow transsexuals to legally change their sex, and provides free hormone therapy.
1972
The beginning of PFLAG -
(Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays)
1973
The American Psychiatric Association removes “homosexuality” definition as a mental disorder.
1974
Kathy Kozachenko becomes the first openly gay American elected to public office when she wins a seat on the Ann Arbor, Michigan city council.
1974
In London, the first openly LGBT telephone help line opens, followed one year later by the
Brighton Lesbian and Gay Switchboard.
1974
Leonard Matlovich, a Techical Sergeant in the United States Air Force, becomes the first U.S. gay service member to purposely out himself to fight their ban.
1975
Minneapolis becomes the first city to protect transgender people by law from discrimination.
1977
Harvey Milk is elected city-county supervisor in San Francisco, becoming the fifth out American elected to public office.
1978
The rainbow flag is first used as a
symbol of homosexual pride.
1978
The International Lesbian and Gay Association
(ILGA) is established.
1979
The first national homosexual rights march on Washington, DC is held.
1979
The White Night riots occur.
1980
David McReynolds becomes the first openly LGBT individual to run for President of the United States.
1980
The Human Rights Campaign Fund, America’s largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender equality, is founded.
1981
Norway becomes the first country in the world to enact a law to prevent discrimination against homosexuals.
1981
Hong Kong's first sex-change operation is performed.
1981
The first official documentation of the condition to be known as AIDS was published by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on 5 June 1981.
1982
Wisconsin is the first state to outlaw discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
1982
Laguna Beach, CA elects the first openly gay mayor in United States history.
1983
Rep. Gerry Studds (Mass.) becomes the
first openly gay member of Congress.
1987
In New York City a group of Bisexual LGBT rights activists found the New York Area Bisexual Network (NYABN).
1987
David Norris is the first openly gay person to be elected to public office in the Republic of Ireland.
1989
Denmark is the first country in the world to enact registered partnership laws for same-sex couples, with most of the same rights as marriage.
1991
The red ribbon is first used as a symbol of the campaign against HIV/AIDS.
1993
Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy allows gays/lesbians to serve in the U.S. military as long as they are closeted.
1993
The Triangle Ball was held; it was the first inaugural ball in America to ever be held in honor of gays and lesbians.
1993
Minnesota passes the first state-wide law prohibiting discrimination against transgender people.
1994
Homosexuality no longer an illness:
American Medical Association.
1994
Deborah Batts became the first openly gay or lesbian federal judge; she was appointed to the U.S. District Court in New York.
1996
The first lesbian wedding on television occurred, held for fictional characters Carol (played by Jane Sibbett) and Susan (played by Jessica Hecht) on the TV show "Friends".
1996
 Supreme Court says protections for gays/lesbians are civil rights guaranteed to all U.S. citizens.
1997
Ellen DeGeneres came out as a lesbian, one of the first celebrities to do so. Furthermore, later that year her character Ellen Morgan came out as a lesbian on the TV show "Ellen", making Ellen DeGeneres the first openly lesbian actress to play an openly lesbian character on television.
1999
Steven Greenberg publicly came out as gay in an article in the Israeli newspaper Maariv. As he has a rabbinic ordination from the Orthodox rabbinical seminary of Yeshiva University (RIETS), he is generally described as the first openly gay Orthodox Jewish rabbi.
2000
The Transgender Pride flag was first shown, at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona.
2000
Vermont becomes first state to legally recognize civil unions for gays and lesbians.
2003
Section 28 is repealed in England and Wales
and Northern Ireland.
2003
Gene Robinson becomes the first openly gay Bishop
in the Episcopal church in the USA.
2003
Reuben Zellman became the first openly transgender person accepted to the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, where he was ordained in 2010.
2003
The Committee on Jewish Law and Standards approved a rabbinic ruling that concluded that sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is permissible as a treatment of gender dysphoria, and that a transgender person's sex status under Jewish law is changed by SRS.
2003
Supreme Court rules sodomy laws
unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
2004
Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon became the first same-sex couple to be legally married in the United States, when San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom allowed city hall to grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
2004
Massachusetts legalizes same-sex marriage.
2005
Civil unions become legal in Connecticut.
2006
Civil unions become legal in New Jersey
2007
the first foreign gay wedding was held in Hanoi, Vietnam between a Japanese and an Irish national. The wedding raised much attention in the gay and lesbian
community in Vietnam.
2008
Diego Sanchez is appointed top legislative assistant to Rep. Barney Frank, making him the first transgender staff member on Capitol Hill.
2008
California’s State Supreme Court allows gay marriage; Proposition 8 then eliminates it.
2008
Connecticut legalizes same-sex marriage.
2009
The first ever legal gay pride parade in
Russia, held in St. Petersburg.
2009
President Barack Obama signs a law extending existing federal hate-crime laws to include those committed on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
2009
Iowa and Vermont legalize same-sex marriage.
2010
Federal court declares California’s Prop. 8 unconstitutional.
2010
The District of Columbia and New Hampshire legalize same-sex marriage.
2011
The Respect for Marriage Act is filed in U.S. House of Representatives and Senate to repeal DOMA and end federal discrimination against legally married
same-sex couples.
2011
New York legalizes same-sex marriage.
2011
President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announce policy for more specific actions against countries that do not move to create LGBT equality.
2012
The Human Rights Campaign assigns more stringent qualifications for ranking as a best place to work for LGBT employees on its Corporate Equality Index, with an emphasis on benefits for transgender employees.
2012
San Francisco voted to become the first U.S. city to provide and cover the cost of sex reassignment surgeries for uninsured transgender residents.
2012
Proposition 8 in California is ruled unconstitutional, but ruling is expected to go to U.S. Supreme.
2013
Maryland and Washington state legalize
same-sex marriage.
2012
Ellen DeGeneres is named jcpenney spokesperson; CEO Ron Johnson supports her—and her strong values—despite protests from group calling itself “One Million Moms.”
2012
A Boston court ruled the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional
Full transcript