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Copy of BABOK - Business Analysis Body of Knowledge presentation - May 2013

A short presentation on BABOK - Business Analysis Body of Knowledge and BA skills and techniques

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of BABOK - Business Analysis Body of Knowledge presentation - May 2013

Business Analysis
Body of Knowledge

BABOK represents a collection of activities and techniques that make up Business Analysis. It is the stuff that we Business Analysts do on a daily basis.

In general terms, BABOK guide reflects generally accepted practice in the field of Business Analysis (BA)

BABOK describes Business Analysis areas of knowledge, associated activities and the skills necessary to be effective
What is Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK)
It is not a methodology or a specified process

It is not a “how to do business analysis” resource guide

It does not prescribe or favor a specific methodology

BABOK tells you “What to do in” but not “How to do” Business Analysis
What Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK)
is NOT
Elicitation = the practice of collecting the requirements of a system from stakeholders.

Elicitation methods used:
focus groups
documents analysis
Business needs - Identify and define why a change to organizational systems or capabilities is required

Solution scope - which new capabilities a project or iteration will deliver

Business case - determine if an organization can justify the investment to deliver a proposed solution.

Requirements management plan - used to approve requirements for implementation and manage changes

Stakeholders' map
identify which entities are directly involved or affected by the new system or solution
Requirements Elicitation Inputs

an informal statement of a requirement

Type: As a <role>, I want <goal/desire>

Eg.: “As a user, I want to search for my customers by their first and last names.”
Requirements Management and Communication - I
Requirements Management and Communication - II

The goal of tracing is to ensure that requirements are linked back to a business objective.
Tracing requirements also includes change management, requirements allocation (assigning requirements to solution components) and impact analysis.

Impact analysis is created by the Business Analyst and when a requirement is changed, the impact of the change can be assessed throughout the project.
Analytical Thinking
Creative thinking
Problem solving
Systems thinking
Personal Characteristics
Personal organization
Business Knowledge
Business practices
Industry knowledge
Organization knowledge
Solution knowledge
Communication Skills
Oral communication
Written communication
Interaction Skills
Requirements Management is the process of documenting, analyzing, tracing, prioritizing and agreeing on requirements.

In this process you control and communicate changes to relevant stakeholders

Solution scope - which new capabilities a project or iteration will deliver
Requirements Management Plan - this plan defines the process to be followed in managing requirements.
BA Comm Plan: determines how best to receive, distribute, update and escalate information with stakeholders.
Functional decomposition technique
breakdown process
Decomposing a problem without fully understanding the relationship between pieces may create an inappropriate structure.
Interface Analysis
Identify interfaces between solutions and components and describe how they will interact
user interfaces
external application interfaces
external hardware devices interfaces
Specification of the interfaces should prevent difficulties in integrating multiple components.
Non - functional requirements
Business Analysis Skills
Describes the qualities of a system.

User Story
Business Analysis Techniques
Business Analysis Skills
Business Analysis Management & Communication
Business Analysis Requirements Elicitation
Business Analysis Planning & Monitoring - I
Business Analysis Planning & Monitoring - II

identification of stakeholders
selection of business analysis techniques
selection of a process to manage requirements
selection of a method to trace the progress
1. Identify the approach that suits your project.
Plan driven approach:
Incremental model (the project is released with the last increment) or Waterfall model
Change driven approach (Agile): Scrum or Extreme Programming (XP - programming in pairs)

2. Write an initial list of High Level Requirements based on inputs from project's stakeholders

3. Create a RACI matrix – Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed

4. Implement a business process improvement methodology.
Six Sigma (99.99966% free of defects - used in industries)
Capability Maturity Model Integration for IT industry
Business Analysis Planning & Monitoring
Requirements elicitation
Which stakeholders can you identify in your project?
Domain SME
Business Analyst
Operational support
Project Manager
Development Team
Implement. SME
Requirements Traceability
Which activities are necessary in order to complete a business analysis effort:
One or more sentences in everyday or business language of the end user or customer that captures what a user does or needs to do, defining the functions a business system must provide

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