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Transcript of History Timeline
Spain took a large amount of gold from the New World. They became very rich and powerful and an important team in the race for control of the New World. English captains soon began to attack and capture spanish ships and burn settlements. SS8H2a. James Oglethorpe tried hard to get laws passed that both improved prison conditions and let thousands of prisoners go free. He then asked King George II for the land for these poor and jobless people. On June 7, 1732, King George II granted a charter to Oglethorpe's group for establishing the colony in Georgia and managing it for 20 years. SS8H2b In March 1734, a group of German Protestants who were forced to leave Salzburg Because of their religion, asked Oglethorpe to live in Georgia. In 1736, Oglethorpe allowed 175 Highland Scots to settle in Georgia because he heard they'd make good soldiers. They named their colony Darien.
Malcontents were settlers who did not support Oglethorpe's regulations.
In 1739, War broke out between Great Britian (Georgia) and Spain (Florida) and became known as the "War of Jenkins Ear" SS8H2c Many people who left georgia while it was a proprietary colony began to return. Puritians from South Carolina bought 32,000 acres of land. They brought slaves as they moved there and began growing rice and indigo. This became known as Liberty County. SS8H3a. The causes of the French and Indian War were greed and fear. Each country wanted the most land in the New World, but one country would gain more power than the other. The Treaty of Paris of 1763, officially ended the war and set Georgia's western boundry at the Mississippi River. SS8H3b Loyalists were those who were loyal to King George III.
Patriots were those who were ready to cut ties with Great Britian.
Elijah Clarke led a rebel militia group and defeated an army of 800+ British troops at the Battle of Kettle Creek.
Austin Dabney was a freeborn mulatto who also fought with this group.
Nancy Hart is known for shooting a group of tories in refuse to house and feed them.
Lyman Hall, George Walton, and Button Gwinnett officially signed the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. SS8H4a Georgia's first constitution was made in 1777. It was adopted in Savannah. One of the things that the constitution had done was make 8 countys. Issues were that the governer had little power and it created a troubled unicameral system. It was changed in 1789, but took the state many more times before they came up with the perfect contitution. The Articles of Confederation was ratified by Georgia in 1778.This was because the government was weak, there was only one legislative branch, and the states could issue their own paper money.When the government tried to put the Articles into action, it messed up everything. This caused another document to replace it. It was the U.S. Constitution.
SS8H4b The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was held in Philadelphia, Pensylvania. Representitives from all of the states came. Georgia's representatives were Abraham Baldwin and William Few. Both of the representitives signed the constitution. Georgia liked the constitution partly because of its legislature. The constitution created the senate and the House of Representitives. The senate would take 2 representitives from each state. The House of Representitives would take in representitives based on the population of a state. Since Georgia was a small state, it aproved and ratified the constitution in 1788.
SS8H5a The University of Georgia was developed by Abraham Baldwin in 1789. It was a land grant university. Georgias previous capitals had been Savannah and Augusta. The government had begin selling land in western Georgia. This caused the population to spread from east to west. Since both of the previous capitals had been far east, they needed a new one. Louisville had became Georgia's next capital.Another thing that grew in Georgia was religion. Baptists and Methdists moved in and built churches. Soon the religions spread through the state like a wildfire.