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NOMAD Pilot 2 - IOM Haiti

IOM Haiti hosted the NOMAD Consortium to investigate potential digital data collection systems for humanitarian response
by

Patrick Fitzgerald

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of NOMAD Pilot 2 - IOM Haiti

NOMAD Pilot 2 Phase 1 of the IOM Haiti NOMAD Pilot 2 took place November 2011
Phase 1 Identified important objectives for pilot Phase 2. Objectives Nov 2011 MEDES - Toulouse, France IOM Haiti IOM Haiti NOMAD Pilot 2 Phase 2 March 2012 1. Pre-deployment Configure a portable server and Imogene forms prior to deployment. 2. Mobile GPS Capture GPS points using mobile devices 3. Data Transfer Transfer data from the field using the EDGE Network 4. Polygon Forms Record the GPS boundary of a DTM camp using Imogene 5. Synchronization Send data captured via Imogene to existing IOM reporting Mar 2012 Configured portable Imogene server in controlled environment prior to deployment
Including Imogene spatial extension with GIS apps
Deployment team provided with expert technical support from Medes staff 1. Objective Feb 2012 FB Census PostGIS geometry? Imogene Android Web Desktop Imogene FB Census Android Form Login FB List + Building Capture GPS f(x)=a_0+∑_(n=1)^∞(a_n cosnπx/L+b_n sinnπx/L ) π (x+a)^n=∑_(k=0)^n▒〖(n¦k) x^k a^(n-k) 〗 sinα±sinβ=2sin1/2 (α±β) cos1/2 (αβ) cos1/2 (αβ) x The introduction of coordinates by René Descartes and the concurrent development of algebra marked a new stage for geometry, since geometric figures, such as plane curves, could now be represented analytically, i.e., with functions and equations. (Wikipedia). 2sin1/2 (α±β) In classical mathematics, analytic geometry, also known as coordinate geometry, or Cartesian geometry, is the study of geometry using a coordinate system and the principles of algebra and analysis (Wikipedia). René Descartes (1596-1650) (x2,y2) d y2 - y1 Cartesian Geometry cosnπx/L+b_n x2 - x1 (x1,y1) Distance Formula sinnπx/L x2 π Workflow Google Earth KMZ OGC Output The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is an international industry consortium of 437 companies, government agencies and universities participating in a consensus process to develop publicly available interface standards. OGC® Standards support interoperable solutions that "geo-enable" the Web, wireless and location-based services and mainstream IT
(http://www.opengeospatial.org/). Accessors
ST_CollectionExtract
ST_Dimension
ST_Dump
ST_DumpPoints
ST_DumpRings
ST_EndPoint
ST_Envelope
ST_ExteriorRing
ST_GeometryN
ST_GeometryType
ST_InteriorRingN
ST_IsClosed
ST_IsEmpty
ST_IsRing
ST_IsSimple
ST_IsValid
ST_IsValidReason
ST_mem_size
ST_M
ST_NumGeometries
ST_NumInteriorRings
ST_NumPoints
ST_npoints
ST_PointN
ST_SetSRID
ST_StartPoint
ST_Summary
ST_X
ST_XMin
ST_XMax
ST_Y
YMin
YMax
ST_Z
ZMin,ZMax

Measurement
ST_Area
ST_Azimuth
ST_Distance
ST_HausdorffDistance
ST_distance_sphere
ST_distance_spheroid
ST_Length_Spheroid
ST_Length
ST_MaxDistance
ST_Perimeter

Outputs
ST_AsBinary
ST_AsText
ST_AsEWKB
ST_AsEWKT
ST_AsHEXEWKB
ST_GeoJSON
ST_AsGML
ST_AsKML
ST_AsSVG
ST_GeoHash

Geometry Processors
ST_MinimumBoundingCircle
ST_Boundary
ST_Buffer
ST_BuildArea
ST_Centroid
ST_ClosestPoint
ST_ConvexHull
ST_Difference
ST_Expand
ST_ForceRHR
ST_LongestLine
ST_Intersection
ST_PointOnSurface
ST_Reverse
ST_RotateX
ST_RotateY
ST_RotateZ
ST_Scale
ST_ShortestLine
ST_Simplify
ST_SimplifyPreserveTopology
ST_SymDifference
ST_Transform
ST_Translate
ST_TransScale
ST_Union

Geometry Creation
ST_GeomFromEWKB
ST_GeomFromEWKT
ST_GeogFromText
ST_GeomFromGML
ST_GeomFromKML
ST_GeomFromText
ST_GeomFromWKB
ST_GeogFromWKB
ST_MakeEnvelope
ST_MakeLine
ST_MakePolygon
ST_MakePoint

Relationship
ST_Contains
ST_ContainsProperly
ST_CoveredBy
ST_Covers
ST_Crosses
ST_Disjoint
ST_DWithin
ST_DFullyWithin
ST_Equal
ST_LineCrossingDirection
ST_Intersects
ST_Overlaps
ST_Relate
ST_Touches
ST_Within

Spatial Aggregates
ST_Accum
ST_Collect
ST_Extent
ST_Union
ST_MakeLine
ST_Polygonize

Geometry Editors
ST_AddMeasure
ST_AddPoint
ST_Affine
ST_Collect
ST_CollectionExtract
ST_Force_collection
ST_Force_2d
ST_Force_3d, ST_Force_3dm
ST_Force_3dz
ST_Force_4d
ST_LineMerge
ST_Multi
ST_RemovePoint
ST_Segmentize
ST_SetPoint
ST_SnapToGrid

Linear Referencing
ST_Line_Interpolate_Point
ST_Line_Substring
ST_Line_Locate_Point
ST_LocateBetweenElevations
ST_Locate_Along_Measure
ST_Locate_Between_Measures 790+ Functions x y "POINT(-72.25099512 18.57358168)" Information captured and managed using Imogene Implementing database triggers, Imogene data captured in PostgreSQL is converted into geometry data type for use in GIS, using PostGIS spatial extension. PostGIS TMS, WMS, GeoJSON, WFS, KML, Google Image Charts
GeoExt
OpenLayers
GeoServer Web Mapping Application IOM - Port-au-Prince, Haiti 2. Objective Mar 2012 © IOM 2010 Pre-deployment in stable environement Configured Android GPS configuration to point to regional NTP servers
Mobile device GPS points (± 5m) compared to Garmin handheld GPS points (± 3m) Capture GPS coordinates using mobile device Network Time Protocol Stratum 1 Stratum 2 Stratum 3 north-america.pool.ntp.org Regional NTP servers points to the satellites that are within the region, resulting in a position fix within a shorter time frame FasterFix *Requires SuperUser permissions The NTP is a protocol and software implementation for synchronizing the clocks of computer systems over data networks In GPS, NTP is used to assist location by calculating an time offset from the GPS signal with the local time at the given location IOM - Port-au-Prince, Haiti 3. Objective Digicel WEB Access Point Name (APN) implemented with success Data transfer using EDGE mobile network Mar 2012 http://www.pool.ntp.org/en/ Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
Improvement for 2.5G GSM/GPRS
Supports mobile internet connections EDGE Network WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WAP gateways not based on HTTP (WP-HTTP, WML Script, etc.) Unsuccessful Transfer! WEB Standard HTTP requests Success! Name: digicel_ha
APN: web.digicelha.com
Proxy: 172.20.134.12
Port: 8080
MMS Port: 9201
MCC: 338
MNC: 050
MMSC: http://mmc.digicelhaiti.com/servlets/mms
Authentication Type: none Digicel APN for mobile internet access IOM - Port-au-Prince, Haiti 4. Objective DTM model revised to include a series of GPS points per camp
PostGIS functions implemented to process GPS points into polygon Record GPS boundary of a camp IOM - Port-au-Prince, Haiti 5. Objective Implemented Talend to create transfer of data from Imogene to IOM SQL Server Synchronize Imogene with existing reporting Results The follwoing phones captured GPS without configuration Blackberry Samsung Galaxy Note The following phones failed to capture GPS reliably with configuration LG P690 Motorola Motodefy iPhone 3G HTC Desire Name: digicel_ha
APN: wap.digicelha.com
Proxy: 172.20.134.12
Port: 8080
MMS Port: 9201
MCC: 338
MNC: 050
MMSC: http://mmc.digicelhaiti.com/servlets/mms
Authentication Type: none Digicel APN for mobile internet access Mar 2012 DTM Survey The DTM Survey was simplified Survey Camp Site Demographics, Population, Services, etc GPS Points Photos Series of GPS points Team p9 p10 p2 p1 p4 p3 p5 p7 p6 p8 p9 p10 p2 p1 p4 p3 p5 p7 p6 p8 GPS Points A series of GPS points are captured and relate to a single survey
Using the ST_Collect function in PostGIS, the series of points are aggregated into a single geometry s1 s1 p9 p10 p2 p1 p4 p3 p5 p7 p6 p8 s1 DTM Polygon Using the ST_ConcaveHull function in PostGIS, the aggregated geometry of the GPS points is converted into a concave polygon PostGIS 2.0 Available for download, PostGIS 2.0 implements a new function, ST_ConvexHull Mar 2012 Talend is a powerful open source middleware solution providing cross platform data integration and management Talend PostgreSQL SQL Server 2005 Talend successfully created a link to transfer data captured using Imogene to existing IOM database and reporting infrastructure Talend ODBC Reporting NOMAD is a consortium supported by the French space agency (CNES) that includes iMMAP, CartONG, WFP, MEDES, Auvea, ACAPS, IOM and MobileActive.org.

The NOMAD consortium provide expert advice on the implementation of integrated digital data collection & communication systems for rapid humanitarian assessment & monitoring. Since the inception of the consortium, two pilots have taken place as a test bed based on active operations; WFP Ethiopia and IOM Haiti. This Prezi explores the technical details of the second pilot, IOM Haiti Outcomes Outcomes Samsung is the most suitable Android device for the capture of GPS points The EDGE network is sufficient to transmit data that includes images and videos from the field Imogene is capable of capturing point and polygon features derived from a series of location coordinates Imogene models using location can implement very simple forms, with associated data derived at the database from the captured location (i.e. administrative regions) Transmission of Imogene captured PostgreSQL data into existing organisation server infrastructure has been confirmed Imogene can suit the needs of IOM Haiti and is production ready software Further investigation and confirmation is required to determine the reliable capture of GPS position using mobile devices If you are interested to learn more about how your organizations existing data capture requirements and infrastructure could be enhanced with digital data collection systems, feel free to contact Christophe Bois at iMMAP (cbois@immap.org) and Sandra Sudhoff at CartONG (s_sudhoff@cartong.org)

NOMAD visit http://humanitarian-nomad.org/ Go Digital A special thankyou to CNES, Medes, CartONG and IOM Haiti for the support that now can be used to benefit humanitarian operations everywhere around the world - and of course the participating partners in the NOMAD consortium Project supported by the French space agency Thankyou This prezi was prepared by iMMAP for the NOMAD workshop 2012
For more details please contact Patrick Fitzgerald pfitzgerald@immap.org Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
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