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Chapter 5: Key Issue 2

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by

Janae Bracey

on 8 November 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 5: Key Issue 2

Chapter 5: Key Issue 2
How is English Related to other languages?
By Janae Bracey

Vocab
Language Family: Collection of
languages that share a common ancestor long before history was recorded
.

Language
Branch
: Collection of languages
within a family- they share an ancestor from many thousand years ago.


Language

Group
: Collection of languages

related by a common origin
in the
recent past
.

Indo-Iranian Branch

100
languages
Spoken by
1 billion +
people
Indic and Iranian

Balto- Slavic
Used to be a single language
(so all of the modern groups are very similar)
There are a lot of languages because it is a strong part of cultural identity.
Orgin/Diffusion of Indo European Languages
Exact
origin of Indo- European is unknown,
but
many believe
it evolved from the
Proto-Indo-European
speakers such as the
Kurgan people.
The
Kurgans
may have
developed words
from their
physical environment
, and d
iffused primarily by migration

Indo-European Language Family
The

Indo-European
language family is the worlds

most spoken language family

English
belongs to the

Indo- European language family
.

There are

8 branches

The Four
most important
are :
Germanic, Indo- Iranian, Balto -Slavic, and Romance.
2 groups within branch: West Germanic and North Germanic
English is in the
Germanic branch
, the
west germanic group
- the
common ancestor
of the many languages in this branch is
Germanic
Indo-European
Germanic
North Germanic
West Germanic
Scandinavian
Low Germanic
High Germanic
German
Dutch
Frisian
English
Flemish
Afrikaans
Swedish
Icelandic
Norwegian
Danish
Germanic Branch
Indic languages of the Indo- European family are mainly spoken throughout India- official language is Hindi.
Iranian languages are heavily spoken in Iran and through South Eastern Asia.
Indo-European
Balto Slavic
South Slavic
West Slavic
East Slavic
Russian
Belorusian
Ukraninan
Czech
Polish
Slovak
Serbian
Slovene
Croatian
Bulgarian
Language Branch Map: Balto-Slavic
Indic
Includes
India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
.
1/3
of Indians
speak Hindi
India
has
18 official
languages
Pakistan
speaks
Urdu
Iranian
Iran
and
neighboring
countries
Farsi
and
Kurdish
are
most spoken
Romance
Most
widley spread
languages are:
French
Portugese
Italian
Spanish
Romanian
(separated by slavic speakers)
Less wide spread
languages:
Catalan
( in

Andorra & Barcelona
)
Romansh
( in
Switzerland
)
Sardinian

(
mix of Italian, Arabic
, and
Spanish
)
Ladin
Friulian
Orgin/Diffusion of Romance languages
All evolved from Latin
Diffusion started with the importance of the city of Rome
Romans took Latin language with them everywhere, resulting in many words getting added to the language
After the fall of the Roman Empire, as connections within countries were weakened, many distinct languages were formed.
Latin
Classical
Vulgar Latin
Sardinian Languages
Continental Romance
Eastern Romance
Dalmatian
Balkan Romance
Albanian
Proto-Romanian
Romanian
Aromanian
Italo-Western Romance
Proto-Italian
Italian
Western Romance
Ibero-Romance
Portuguese
Spanish
Galio Romance
Occitano Romance
French
Catalan
Occitan
Romance Language Map
Full transcript