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How to Write an Essay
Transcript of How to Write an Essay
What is a “Hook?"
Here are different types of hooks:
Purpose of an Essay
The purpose of an essay is to express an:
idea, claim, or concept
. The paragraphs in your essay back up your idea, claim, or concept with supporting statements.
"This is easy...We will follow a logical pattern: introduction (claim), body paragraphs (support) and a conclusion (summary of both)."
A Guide to a Five Paragraph Essay
How to Write an Essay
Structure of a Five Paragraph Essay
Formula of a thesis
Practice thesis statements
How to write a paragraph
Structure of a paragraph
A Well Written Paragraph
By: Michelle Lawrence
& Laura Wiebe
An essay is a short piece of writing on a
The earth is round
Why is the earth round?
“Look deep into nature, and then you will
understand everything better.” —Albert Einstein
A thesis statement:
• Reveals the main
of the essay
• Exposes the author's personal
• Follows the formula:
Cil says "remember
Drinking and driving
Changing high schools
topics and practice writing a thesis statement for them.
find a partner and share your answers.
Purpose of the
subject or topic
of the essay
Structure of the Introduction
Example of an Introduction
Purpose of Body Paragraphs
Structure of Body Paragraphs
Example of a Body Paragraph
Purpose of a Conclusion
Structure of a Conclusion
Example of a Conclusion
Putting the Essay Together
Referencing in your Essay
• “The Hook”
• Brief introduction of your main points
• Thesis statement
• Topic sentence (including transitions)
• Supporting details
• Examples/ quotations
• Restate the thesis statement
• Summary of main details
• Final concluding statement (get your readers to think)
"Use this structure below to start brainstorming for your essay. Once you have yours filled in, share your ideas with your partner!"
Opening Sentence or "Hook"
: must relate to the subject of your essay and “hook” the reader (fact, quote, statistic etc.)
of my essay:
Point 3) _______________________________________________________________
He is going to help guide us through the process of
"How to Write a Five Paragraph Essay."
essays are easy!
The final bell rings. It’s the last day of school, and summer has finally arrived.
Students don’t have to think about school for at least another two months. That is the way it should always be.
Schools should continue
using the traditional calendar
and have an extended summer holiday
it gives students a mental break, it gives teachers a mental break, and it allows kids to spend quality time with their families.
"Please copy this example into your notes; you'll need it later! Make sure you also colour-code the different parts (just like the example)."
= Main Supporting Points
to present your main
to strengthen your
that prove your point
"Remember, each of your details must relate to your topic sentence. Now copy this template out and create your first body paragraph- then share it with your group!"
Summer holidays provide students with a necessary break.
After a long school year it is important for students to have
time to relax and unwind
students need to have time to socialize with friends.
This is important because it helps them strengthen their friendships and build new ones. In addition, students
need time to just be "kids."
The school year is busy and can be stressful, and in summer kids have a chance to do things they normally wouldn't have the time to do. Childhood doesn't last forever and so it is important for kids to enjoy it!
= topic sentence
= supporting details
"Copy this example down and underline the topic sentence and supporting details."
There are many types of essays, but we are going to learn how to write a
five paragraph essay
It's purpose is to:
the reader &
get their attention
about what the essay
A hook is an opening sentence
What is a thesis statement?
A sentence in the opening paragraph (introduction) of the essay which shows the
"Transitions are words (or phrases) that
to the reader how one idea
to the next. They make your writing easier for the reader to follow."
subject and opinion
in the essay
leaves the reader with a final statement:
why your opinion is important
Writing a conclusion is easy!
• Restated thesis
(subject + opinion
) statement: ___________________________________________________________________________
of your main points from your body paragraphs:
• So What? (End with a statement that
your thesis statement is worthwhile!)
Cil Says: "
Copy this conclusion template down and fill it in based on your own essay."
Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and have an extended summer holiday.
Summer holidays are important because they give students a mental break, they give teachers a mental break, and they allow kids to spend quality time with their families.
Having time to "be a kid" and enjoy your summer can
help a kid behave better in school
because they've had time to unwind.
Teachers also come back more refreshed
after holidays and are able to be better teachers. Finally, summer holidays
allow families to spend more time together and build stronger bonds
. For these reasons it would be very disappointing to for summer holidays to disappear and it would
create a negative impact
for everyone involved.
= thesis statement
= main points
= final concluding point
"Read over this conclusion with a partner. Discuss: Why do you think conclusions are so important to an essay?"
"Here is how your essay should look when it's all finished:"
brief overview of your subject
thesis statement (subject +
Body Paragraphs 1, 2, & 3:
examples and quotations
restate your thesis
summary of your main points
final concluding statement
Cil Says: "It is important to create a reference if you use a quote or idea that is not your own. Usually a reference just gives information, such as: the author, title, date, publisher etc. In our English class we will use MLA referencing."
A paragraph is made up of five or more sentences that are about one
that relates to
of the essay.
For example if an essay were about
, each paragraph could be about a different breed; such as
The sentence that starts off a paragraph is called a
and tells the reader what the paragraph will be about. Every paragraph needs a
, so the middle sentences of a paragraph are called the
are about the
; they explain the
with details such as
. The last sentence of a paragraph is called the
. It summarizes what the paragraph was about.
There are many different types of dogs in the world, but dachshunds (wiener dogs) are my favorite. They are my favorite dogs because they are so long and love to cuddle. They can be used as hunting dogs because they are excellent at sniffing and tracking scents. There are two types of dachshunds, a standard size or a mini dachshund. They can also have long or short hair. These are some of the reasons why wiener dogs are my favorite.
"Take a look at this well written paragraph. Does it have all the necessary parts? Choose a different colour for the topic sentence, the body, and the concluding sentence and highlight each of them."
Check your answers!
There are many different types of dogs in the world, but dachshunds (wiener dogs) are my favorite.
They are my favorite dogs because they are so long and love to cuddle. They can be used as hunting dogs because they are excellent at sniffing and tracking scents. There are two types of dachshunds, a standard size or a mini dachshund. They can also have long or short hair.
These are some of the reasons why wiener dogs are my favorite.
Create a topic sentence. (theme of your paragraph)
Add three or four more sentences that explain your topic sentence.
Create a concluding sentence that summarizes your paragraph.
Cil says: "It's time to practice writing a paragraph."
-my first pet -the best gift I ever got
-the worst/best day of school -my family
-my favorite sport -the best vacation I went on
= topic sentence
= body sentences
= closing or concluding sentence
Author Last Name, First Name. Title. City: Publisher, Year. Type of Text.
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
Author (Last Name, First Name) “Article Title.” Title of Website. Date of Access. Website URL
Dawe, James. “Jane Austen page.” Jane Austen Website. 14 March, 2014. <www.boston.com/bigpicture>
How to Reference using MLA
Cil Says: "
I hope you have a better understanding of how to write an essay. Remember, if you have any further questions please ask your teacher!