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How to Write an Essay

A Guide to a Five Paragraph Essay
by

Laura Wiebe

on 16 August 2015

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Transcript of How to Write an Essay

What is an Essay
What is a “Hook?"
“Hooks”
Here are different types of hooks:
-facts
-questions
-quotes
Purpose of an Essay
The purpose of an essay is to express an:
idea, claim, or concept
. The paragraphs in your essay back up your idea, claim, or concept with supporting statements.

Cil says:
"This is easy...We will follow a logical pattern: introduction (claim), body paragraphs (support) and a conclusion (summary of both)."

A Guide to a Five Paragraph Essay
How to Write an Essay
Structure of a Five Paragraph Essay
Formula of a thesis
statement
Practice thesis statements
How to write a paragraph
Structure of a paragraph
Paragraph Examples
A Well Written Paragraph
Transition Words
Transition Examples
By: Michelle Lawrence
& Laura Wiebe

An essay is a short piece of writing on a
specific topic.


Examples
fact:
The earth is round
question:
Why is the earth round?
quote:
“Look deep into nature, and then you will
understand everything better.” —Albert Einstein

A thesis statement:

• Reveals the main
idea

or
subject
of the essay

• Exposes the author's personal
opinion


• Follows the formula:
subject
+
opinion
=
thesis
Cil says "remember
subject
+
opinion
=
thesis statement
"
1.
TOPIC:

Drinking and driving
Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

2.
TOPIC
:
Smoking marijuana

Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

3.
TOPIC:

Animal testing
Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

4.
TOPIC:

Changing high schools

Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

5.
TOPIC:

Night clubs

Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

6.
TOPIC:
Nutritious foods

Thesis:
______________________________________________________________________

Step 1:
Pick
three
topics and practice writing a thesis statement for them.
Step 2:
find a partner and share your answers.
Purpose of the
Introduction

provides the
subject or topic

provides the
purpose
of the essay

provides the
author's opinion





Structure of the Introduction
Example of an Introduction
Purpose of Body Paragraphs
Structure of Body Paragraphs

Example of a Body Paragraph

Purpose of a Conclusion
Structure of a Conclusion

Example of a Conclusion
Putting the Essay Together
Referencing in your Essay
Introduction:
• “The Hook”
• Brief introduction of your main points
• Thesis statement
(subject +
opinion
=
thesis
)

Body Paragraphs:
• Topic sentence (including transitions)
• Supporting details
• Examples/ quotations

Conclusion
• Restate the thesis statement
• Summary of main details
• Final concluding statement (get your readers to think)






Cil Says:
"Use this structure below to start brainstorming for your essay. Once you have yours filled in, share your ideas with your partner!"

Opening Sentence or "Hook"
: must relate to the subject of your essay and “hook” the reader (fact, quote, statistic etc.)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thesis:

______________________________________________________________
(Remember:

subject
+
opinion
=
thesis
)

Main

supporting points

of my essay:
Point 1)_______________________________________________________________
Point 2)_______________________________________________________________
Point 3) _______________________________________________________________

















Meet Cil!


He is going to help guide us through the process of
"How to Write a Five Paragraph Essay."

See,
essays are easy!


The final bell rings. It’s the last day of school, and summer has finally arrived.

Students don’t have to think about school for at least another two months. That is the way it should always be.

Schools should continue

using the traditional calendar

and have an extended summer holiday
because:
it gives students a mental break, it gives teachers a mental break, and it allows kids to spend quality time with their families.

Cil Says:
"Please copy this example into your notes; you'll need it later! Make sure you also colour-code the different parts (just like the example)."
Red
= Hook

Orange
=Opinion

Green
=Subject

Blue
= Main Supporting Points
to present your main

supporting points


to strengthen your

argument

to

show examples

that prove your point


Supporting Point/

Topic Sentence
:____________________________________________________.

Detail 1
:
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________.

Detail 2
:
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________.


Detail 3
:
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________.

Cil Says:
"Remember, each of your details must relate to your topic sentence. Now copy this template out and create your first body paragraph- then share it with your group!"

Summer holidays provide students with a necessary break.
After a long school year it is important for students to have
time to relax and unwind
. Also,
students need to have time to socialize with friends.
This is important because it helps them strengthen their friendships and build new ones. In addition, students
need time to just be "kids."
The school year is busy and can be stressful, and in summer kids have a chance to do things they normally wouldn't have the time to do. Childhood doesn't last forever and so it is important for kids to enjoy it!
blue
= topic sentence
red
= supporting details

Cil Says:
"Copy this example down and underline the topic sentence and supporting details."
There are many types of essays, but we are going to learn how to write a

five paragraph essay
.
It's purpose is to:

-
engage
the reader &
get their attention

-gives
a clue
about what the essay
is about
A hook is an opening sentence
What is a thesis statement?
A sentence in the opening paragraph (introduction) of the essay which shows the
subject
and
opinion
.
"Transitions are words (or phrases) that
signal
to the reader how one idea
relates
to the next. They make your writing easier for the reader to follow."
restates the
subject and opinion
(thesis statement)

summarizes the
main points
in the essay

leaves the reader with a final statement:
why your opinion is important
Writing a conclusion is easy!
• Restated thesis
(subject + opinion
) statement: ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________.



Summary
of your main points from your body paragraphs:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

• So What? (End with a statement that
proves
your thesis statement is worthwhile!)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________








Cil Says: "
Copy this conclusion template down and fill it in based on your own essay."
Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and have an extended summer holiday.
Summer holidays are important because they give students a mental break, they give teachers a mental break, and they allow kids to spend quality time with their families.
Having time to "be a kid" and enjoy your summer can
help a kid behave better in school
because they've had time to unwind.
Teachers also come back more refreshed
after holidays and are able to be better teachers. Finally, summer holidays
allow families to spend more time together and build stronger bonds
. For these reasons it would be very disappointing to for summer holidays to disappear and it would
create a negative impact
for everyone involved.
red
= thesis statement
blue
= main points
green
= final concluding point

Cil Says:
"Read over this conclusion with a partner. Discuss: Why do you think conclusions are so important to an essay?"
Cil Says:
"Here is how your essay should look when it's all finished:"


Introduction:
"hook"
brief overview of your subject
thesis statement (subject +
opinion
=
thesis
)

Body Paragraphs 1, 2, & 3:
topic sentence
supporting details
examples and quotations

Conclusion:

restate your thesis
summary of your main points
final concluding statement









Cil Says: "It is important to create a reference if you use a quote or idea that is not your own. Usually a reference just gives information, such as: the author, title, date, publisher etc. In our English class we will use MLA referencing."

A paragraph is made up of five or more sentences that are about one
topic
or
idea
that relates to
main

idea
of the essay.

For example if an essay were about
dogs
, each paragraph could be about a different breed; such as
Dachshunds
,
Labradors
,
Poodles
etc.
The sentence that starts off a paragraph is called a
topic sentence
and tells the reader what the paragraph will be about. Every paragraph needs a
body
, so the middle sentences of a paragraph are called the
body sentences
. The
body sentences
are about the
topic
; they explain the
topic
with details such as
who
,
what
,
where
,
why
, and
how
. The last sentence of a paragraph is called the
closing
or
concluding sentence
. It summarizes what the paragraph was about.
There are many different types of dogs in the world, but dachshunds (wiener dogs) are my favorite. They are my favorite dogs because they are so long and love to cuddle. They can be used as hunting dogs because they are excellent at sniffing and tracking scents. There are two types of dachshunds, a standard size or a mini dachshund. They can also have long or short hair. These are some of the reasons why wiener dogs are my favorite.
Cil says:
"Take a look at this well written paragraph. Does it have all the necessary parts? Choose a different colour for the topic sentence, the body, and the concluding sentence and highlight each of them."
Check your answers!
There are many different types of dogs in the world, but dachshunds (wiener dogs) are my favorite.

They are my favorite dogs because they are so long and love to cuddle. They can be used as hunting dogs because they are excellent at sniffing and tracking scents. There are two types of dachshunds, a standard size or a mini dachshund. They can also have long or short hair.

These are some of the reasons why wiener dogs are my favorite.
Step 1:
Create a topic sentence. (theme of your paragraph)
Step 2:
Add three or four more sentences that explain your topic sentence.
Step 3:
Create a concluding sentence that summarizes your paragraph.
Cil says: "It's time to practice writing a paragraph."
Possible topics
-my first pet -the best gift I ever got
-the worst/best day of school -my family
-my favorite sport -the best vacation I went on
green
= topic sentence
orange
= body sentences
blue
= closing or concluding sentence
Book Format:
Author Last Name, First Name. Title. City: Publisher, Year. Type of Text.

Example:
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.

Website Format:
Author (Last Name, First Name) “Article Title.” Title of Website. Date of Access. Website URL

Example:

Dawe, James. “Jane Austen page.” Jane Austen Website. 14 March, 2014. <www.boston.com/bigpicture>






How to Reference using MLA
Cil Says: "
I hope you have a better understanding of how to write an essay. Remember, if you have any further questions please ask your teacher!
Full transcript