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The Dust Bowl
Transcript of The Dust Bowl
The Dust Bowl was the Great Plains in the 1930's. It got this name by having gusts of wind spewing dust everywhere. This expanded to Colorado, Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma. The worst drought in American History would last a decade and send many previously thriving families into ruin.
Life during the dust bowl
1931- Crops die because of the drought
1932- Dust storms increase dramatically, 14 this year and a predicted 38 dust storms next year
1933- FDR is elected into office where he came up with the Emergency Banking Act of 1933 (Now the federal government is behind our banking system). Next they passed the Farming Credit act which spit up 200 million dollars for the farmers who are facing foreclosure
1934- The drought spreads and affects 75% of the country and 27 states directly and severely.
1935- The Drought Relief Service was created to give back to those who were affected; offering $15 to $20 for cattle. The bad ones were destroyed, but the good ones were kept to give to families nationwide.
1936- Government allows farmers to set up their own districts to enforce soil conservation practices for five-year periods.
1937- Roosevelt says in his second inaugural address, stating, "I see one-third of the nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished . . . the test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little."
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BY: Liam, Amjid, and Sidney
"The Dust Bowl was the name given to the Great Plains region that was devastated by drought in 1930s depression-ridden America." (History.com)
In the early nineteenth and twentieth centuries when farmers and ranchers first settled the land they "aggressively exploited [it, setting] the [land] up for ecological disaster." Without grass and trees to anchor down the soil, winds easily picked up the loose topsoil effectively creating "dense dust clouds, [also] called 'Black Blizzards'."(History.com)
"Life After the Dust Bowl" Madison. The Dust Bowl. 1. University of Connecticut, n.d. Web. 2 December 2013.
"About the Dust Bowl" Nelson, Carry. Modern American Poetry. Illinois University, n.d. Web.
"The Dust Bowl" United States History. n.p., n.d. Web.18 November 2013.
"Dust Bowl" History.com. History. History.com, n.d. Web. 18 November 2013.
The dust bowl was the result of the worst drought in US History. It didn't only affect the southern plains region though, by the end of 1934 it had affected 27 states. Within the actual "Dust Bowl" region 1/3 of the population moved away. Most stayed though clinging to the hope that the rain would some soon. The dust was not only damaging to the crops but it as very dangerous to the health of people, young children especially. When the dust as bad people began to get "dust pneumonia" and many children who came down with this sickness died. One good thing that came out of this was the practice of soil conservation which hadn't been in use until now. People ere urged to use these new farming techniques so as to prevent something like this from ever happening again
Map of the Most Affected Areas
When the dust storms began, life became much harder for the people living in the southern plains region. It was necessary to always have your face covered so the dust wouldn't get into your lungs and make you sick. Because the crops were dying, farmers had no source of income making it very difficult to keep food on the table. Many families were surviving simply off of cornbread, beans, and milk. Those who didn't stay moved primarily to California in search of jobs. These people were not received kindly and lived in shacks with no floor or plumbing. There was no such thing as easy life during the depression and these people in the dust bowl suffered the most. Many were too proud to accept help from the government, when they did step in, making their lives even more
difficult than they could have been.