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Chicano Movement

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Social Movements

on 1 August 2013

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Transcript of Chicano Movement

A response to the manner in which Chicano students were experiencing poor schooling, 58% drop-out rate, and tracking away from college prep classes into the vocational.
Many Mexican American students were upset that they would be placed on vocational track
Mexican Americans made up 12% of the US population but 20% of the total casualties in Vietnam.
Formation of UMAS and the Brown Berets allowed for distribution of information.
What does Chicano/a mean?
What does it mean to be a Chicano/a?
Structural Frames
Resources Mobilization Theory-focuses on the assets and capacities (resources) of aggrieved groups to explain the rise, development and outcome of social movements.

-This movement rose and developed without economic resources or power.
UC Davis Student Community Center Mural

Malaquías Montoya
"It is my objective to educate and be educated by those persons whom I come in contact with daily. As an artist I feel it is my purpose to express to each individual the importance of developing that innate quality characteristic of all of us - that of creativity, and to show the relationship between that artistic creativity and community action, as both an educational tool and a catalyst for social change." - Montoya
"The Practice of Freedom"
By Malaquías Montoya

The term's meanings are highly debatable, but self-described Chicanos view the term as a positive self-identifying social construction. To call oneself a Chicano is a blatantly political act and serves to unify the movement nationally. Chicano can also be considered as a term to describe people of Mexican descent born in the United States. To some, it is interchangeable with �Mexican-American� and to others it still carries heavy political connotations.
RMT Critique
Farm Worker and Student MVTs
Emergence / Agency
Un / Available Resources
Movement Dynamics
Farm Workers Movement
César Chávez
March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993
Formed the NFWA --> UFW
Promoted Non Violence Tactics
Collective Identity
Chicanismo
Barrio Life
History (Annexation of Mexico)
Common language -Caló
Madres de la Raza
Culture
Catholic Church-role of mass
Growers vs. Farmers (culture and structure intersect)
Use of the Spanish language
Aztec culture-clothing
Cultural Icon / Anti War Movement
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzáles
June 30, 1928 – April 12, 2005
Influential in building CI within the movement through his art and poems
Formation of the Chicano Moratorium
Student Movement
Sal Castro
October 25, 1933 – April 15, 2013
Aided the organization and formation of the East LA Student Walkouts
Worked with UMAS and Brown Berets to gain support and build an insurgent consciousness within the student population
Grievances: Farm Workers
Inhumane Working and Living conditions
Exploited Child Labor Labor / Low Wage
No institutional protection
Dolores Huerta
April 10, 1930 - alive today
Mother of the Farm Workers Movement
Worked along side César Chávez
Women's Right Activist
Unequal conditions in educational system
High minority death toll in the Vietnam War

Grievance: Youth
Tactics: Farm Workers Movement
Committed to Non Violence
Strikes
Marches
Boycotts
Fasting
Tactics: Student Movement
Student Strikes
Sit -Ins
Utilization of Organization Influence to build a CI
Frame Transformation into the Anti-War Movement
An occupied land for Mexicans that was lost during the Treaty of Guadalupe that now stands as a home for Chicanos today.
Helped develop a cognitive liberation across the area
This occurs when individuals realize that their grievances are collective and can be changed through collective action. (McAdam, 1982)
Aztlán- Chicano Homeland
Emergence Student Movement / Anti War Movement
Historical Context
Failed efforts to mobilize
People were exploited with very low wages
Child labor
Begin boycotting and striking in the fields
Emergence Farm Workers Movement
PPT Critique
Emergence / Agency
Institutional Change
Political Support / Withdrawal
Subsistence / Decline
The Chicano Movement
SOC 156 SS1

Conclusion- today
The movement is still alive today
Focus on
Education
Immigration
Community outreach and enrichment
Farm workers Movement
By: Sulema Armenta
Xzanthnice Bourgeois
Robert Herrera
Diantha Patricia

Thank you

Resources
El Teatro Campesino

Outcomes
Better working conditions in the fields
Still a work in progress
Empowerment for the people
Chicano political party's
La Raza, Mayo, Maya
Ethnic Studies
MEChA
El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán
Plan de Santa Bárbara
More people of color are going to college today then in the past
On going Art and Music for the movement
Framing
Bridging
Displayed as a Civil Rights movement opposed to an economic one
Injustice / Boundary / Value Amplification
Displayed their grievances as legitimate, collective and in their power to change
Drew a distinct line between the workers and oppressors
Helped foster cognitive liberation

El Picket Sign
The picket sign, the picket sign. I carry it all day with me. The picket sign, the picket sign With me throughout my life. From Texas to California, farm workers are fighting. From Texas to California, farm workers are fighting And the growers a’-cryin, ‘a-cryin’, from the strike they’re knuckling under. A cousin of mine was out irrigating ditches A cousin of mine was out irrigating ditches On one day with Pagarulo, the next with Zaninoviches. The picket sign, the picket sign… There are some who don’t understand though favored with advice, There are some who don’t understand though favored with advice The strike is good for everybody but some play the stupid fool They tell me I’m too headstrong, yell too much and incite people They tell me I am too headstrong, yell too much and incite people But Juarez was my uncle, my father-in-law, Zapata The picket sign, the picket sign… And now organizing the workers in all of the fields And now organizing the workers in all of the fields Because some only eat tortillas with nothing else but chiles We’ve been many years, fighting in this strike We’ve been many years, fighting in this strike One grower bit the dust, another’s a granddaddy The picket sign, the picket sign…
Opposition
Police / FBI
School Boards
Agricultural Growers
Coachella
Delano
Salinas and many more
Safeway and other local markets
The men who rule this country today never learned the lessons of Dr. King, they never learned that non-violence is the only way to peace and justice. . . The same inhumanity displayed at Selma, in Birmingham, in so many of Dr. King’s battlegrounds, is displayed every day in the vineyards of California.
- Cesar Chavez
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