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Scientific Discoveries and Explorations of the Renaissance
Transcript of Scientific Discoveries and Explorations of the Renaissance
-Sailing westward around the world brought Columbus to the New World in 1492.
-His original destination was aimed to be the East Indies.
-The Europeans finally realized, ten years later, that he had discovered new land. The Printing press was invented which is believed to have started the Renaissance
people were then able to read books and share information more readily
Allowed for an easier spread of knowledge "Amerigo Vespucci." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/vespucci.html>.
Columbia University, Press. "Nicholas Copernicus." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. History Reference Center. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
"Elizabethan Inventions." Elizabethan Inventions. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-inventions.htm>.
Johnson, Virginia. "Early Astronomers: Ptolemy, Aristotle, Copernicus, and Galileo." Kids.librarypoint.org. Central Rappahannock Regional Library, 28 May 2009. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. "Then read no more, thou has attained that end. A greater subject fitteth Faustus' wit." (Marlowe 24)
Faustus was constantly expanding his knowledge just as the thinkers of the time period were leading to the knew inventions that swept Europe during the renaissance
The inventors wanted to move forward just as Faustus wanted to expand his knowledge into Black Magic Ptolemy was the astronomer of ‘antiquity’
Geocentric Theory: that all celestial bodies orbited around the Earth
Supported the theories of the Roman Catholic Church in accordance with the bible Connections to Doctor Faustus Connections to Doctor Faustus “He views the clouds, the planets, and the stars…And mounted upon a dragon’s back…He now is gone to prove cosmography,” (Marlowe III.i.7-20)
Doctor Faustus depicts the desire to explore the universe and the thirst for knowledge, like Copernicus and Galileo. The telescope was invented in 1609 by Galileo
this changed the way that people saw the universe and increased the desire for exploration Inventions that Changed the World Hernando Cortez
-Discovered gold among the Aztecs (now known as Mexico)
-This led him and many other explorers to conquer most of Latin America and Mexico.-This led to silver mining in Mexico and North America.
-New crops were introduced to Europe; such as, corn, tomatoes, tobacco, and cocoa bean (chocolate). Explorers of the Renaissance Explorers of the Renaissance Marco Polo
-Traveled Asia -> Mongolia and China.
-In 1298, he was imprisoned (where he wrote his famous book) by the Genoese.
-Famous for his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, about his journey along the Silk Road to China.
-He traveled since he was 17 and only returned 24 years later. Explorers of the Renaissance Amerigo Vespucci (AKA Americus Vespucci)
-A skilled navigator.
-One of the first to understand that the New World was new land and not part of Asia.
-Traveled with Columbus. Quote #1 “…From Paris next, coasting the realm of France, we saw the river Main fall into Rhine, Whose banks are set with groves of fruitful vines; then up to Naples... whose buildings fair and gorgeous to the eye…” (54) Connections to Doctor Faustus Quote #2 -Faustus wants to explore the world.
-Learn new things such as astronomy.
-Traveled through Europe, First Germany to France, then Italy.
-Points out the beauty of the new land he is exploring.
-Anxious to find “new science”.
-Faustus accepts full Renaissance spirit by not putting limits on his quest for knowledge. Connections to Doctor Faustus Ptolemy and Aristole Great Thinkers During the Renaissance, the Heavens were investigated more strictly than ever
Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, and Tycho Brahe sought proof of the Geocentric Theory and came across new knowledge
Breach between science and religion was forming Changes in Thought Great Thinkers Spent a number of years in Italy studying various subjects, including medicine and canon law.
Heliocentric theory – belief that all celestial bodies revolve around the sun
Earth rotates on its axis daily and revolves around the sun once per year
‘Copernicans’ - people studied his theories in secret Nicholas Copernicus Great Thinkers Traveled widely throughout Europe and constructed a small observatory in Scania, Sweden
1572 - Discovered the star, Cassiopeia,
Devoted his life to accurate observations and measurements of the ‘heavens’ Tycho Brahe Great Thinkers Rejected the ideas of Ptolemy and Aristotle
Supported the Copernican System
Stated that angels did not push the planets around in an orbit about the earth.
Used the telescope to prove the Heliocentric theory
Published his discovery and was sentenced to life in prison by the Catholic Church
Led to studies by Sir Isaac Newton and Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilee Connections to Doctor Faustus “What might the staying of my blood portend? Is it unwilling that I should write this bill? (Marlowe II.i.65-66)
Doctor Faustus, like the astronomers of the Renaissance, goes against the teachings of the Catholic Church despite the warning of the Good Angel. He worries the congealing of his blood is a warning against selling his soul to the Devil, but has committed himself to gaining knowledge and power, and thus proceeds. "Marco Polo." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/polo.html>.
Mrs. Friedel. "Scheme of the Universe in the Renaissance: Science." Scheme of the Universe in the Renaissance: Science. St. John's College High School Department, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.stjohns-chs.org/english/Renaissance/Ren-univ.html>.
"Nicolaus Copernicus." Nicolaus Copernicus. A Virtual Journey into the Universe, 1999. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infocentral/space/html/exploration/people/copernicus.html>.
"Renaissance -- Exploration and Trade." Renaissance: Exploration and Trade. Annenberg Foundation, 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www.learner.org/interactives/renaissance/exploration_sub.html>. Great Thinkers Copernicus Brahe Galileo