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E-Cigarettes

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Tonie Bangos

on 31 May 2014

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Transcript of E-Cigarettes

-Also known as E-Cigs and Vaporizers, are inhalants that emit doses of vaporized nicotine.
These devices come in rechargeable or disposable "pens"
They also emit non-nicotine vapor solutions
-Although containing over 4,000 various chemicals to human health found in universal cigarettes, manufacturers claim that electronic cigarettes are the solution and alternative to people who smoke cigarettes and tobacco
What Do Cartridges Contain?
The solutions are often referred to as e-liquid or e-juice, typically containing hundreds of possible flavors.
The solution contains nicotine dissolved in propylene glycol and/or vegetable glycerin, both of which are common food additives.
Experts say propylene glycol has had no serious known side effects since the 1950s when it was included in nebulizers and asthma inhalers.
The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) includes this ingredient as one of its GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) substances.
The solutions come in varying levels of nicotine concentrations, ranging from zero to extra-high (24-36 mg/ml).
Some flavors, such as tobacco/menthol combinations, try to resemble traditional cigarettes.
Components
The Mouthpiece
Watch this video from CBS Chigago illustrating the rise of Electronic Cigarettes in Middle and High School Children
What are E-Cigs?
Alternative to Smoking Sensation, or Gateway to Tobacco Products?
Facts about E-Cigs
Let's Take a Look at...
E-Cigarettes
What's So Attractive?
Laws and Regulations
Findings
Electronic Cigarettes
Also known as the
cartridge,
this fixed end of the pen contains varying levels of nicotine mixed with the users choice.
It can easily be filled, replaced, or thrown away.
The user also has the option to use drip tips, which contain the liquid nicotine and can easily refill the cartridge when it is low.
The Atomizer
This is the heating element which causes the liquid nicotine to vaporize, allowing it to be easily inhaled and exhaled as the smoke you see.
Battery Life and Electronic Components
A rechargeable lithium-ion battery is most common.
-Like all electronics, battery life depends on how often the user uses the e-cig.
Newer, more contemporary models have included
a sensor which activates the atomizer when the user presses and hold the button
-Emits light to let the user know it is on
1)
Nothing Burns
Only containing a vaporizing chamber and running on lithium battery, these devices don't burn tobacco, they do not emit smoke, carbon monoxide, or odor.
2)
E-Cigs Contain Liquid Nicotine
Although they are smoke and tobacco free, they do contain Nicotine, a powerful addicting agent.
The amount of nicotine depends on the user's preference of the type of dosage in each cartridges he/she purchases.
-Some cartridges contain 0 nicotine.
3)
They Are Toxic
Even a small amount of liquid nicotine extracted from tobacco can be extremely harmful, and possibly lethal if ingested or absorbed through the skin.
-Between the year 2010 and 2014, the amount of calls to poison control regarding nicotine intake rose from 0.3% to 41%
Some have been known to release metals from the pen into the user, promoting carcinogens and toxins into the body.
4)
No Quality Control
The amount of nicotine listed on a cartridge label may not match the actual amount in the cartridge.
-FDA testing has found cartridges under the same manufacturing label may release significantly different levels of nicotine, ranging from 26.8 to 43.2 micrograms nicotine per 100 milliliter puff.
5)
FDA wants to Regulate Them
In 2014,FDA proposed requirements for e-cigarettes, nicotine gels, and dissolvable tobacco under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.
-Under these regulations manufacturers are required to disclose all ingredients in their products, and have FDA approval before marketing them. Additionally, e-cigs can't be sold to minors
-All labeling must include health warnings; free samples and vending machine sales are also prohibited
6)
Affordable Fix
Smokers with a pack-a-day habit spend more than $1,000 per year.
E-cigarette devices come in a variety of shapes and sizes with an initial cost.
A typical starter kit, which contains the e-cigarette device, a battery and several cartridges, can cost anywhere from $30 to $100, depending on the manufacturer, model and style.
The cost of a year's worth of replacement cartridges for sustaining the equivalent of a pack-a-day habit will cost about $600
-To reduce those prices consumers also can purchase the liquid in bulk and refill the cartridges themselves.
7)
They Produce Second Hand Vapor
It's not only smokers who are impacted by the effects of cigarettes; as many as 2.5 million nonsmokers have died from the lethal effects of secondhand smoke between 1964 and 2014.
Despite the claims they're a safe alternative to regular cigarettes, e-cigarettes may not completely solve the problem of secondhand exposure to nicotine.
-Studies suggest that exposure is far less from e-cig vapors than from the smoke of regular cigarettes, as Nicotine emissions are 10 times lower than from burning tobacco, and the secondhand aerosol doesn't contain significant amounts of tobacco-specific toxins
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/04/us-usa-ecigarettes-california-idUSBREA2324920140304
Also, follow this article, which speaks about Los Angeles City Council choosing to ban the use of e-cigs from restaurants, bars and nightclubs, as well as other public spaces.
Posting of pictures and videos of young attractive teens doing "smoke tricks," which is manipulation of the smoke, lures kids with the competitive factor of wanting to copy that trick down for the sake of accomplishing it, for their own edification
Many are blinded by the risk factor of inhaling or absorbency of the liquid nicotine as a possible threat, and claiming that it is only water vapor, thus cannot harm them.
The devices are sold on the Internet and come in flavors such as blue jolly ranger and watermelon, making them attractive to kids.
Billboard images and television ads are making e-cigarettes look cool.
-Actor Leonardo DiCaprio smoked one at the Golden Globe Awards!
http://chicago.cbslocal.com/video/9277072-children-attracted-to-e-cigarettes/
The CDC reports that in 2012, about 10% of high school students had tried an e-cigarette, 5% higher than in 2011. The reason for the concern is that seven percent of those who had tried e-cigarettes said they had never smoked a traditional cigarette. Are e-cigarettes becoming a gateway to more dangerous habits?


The biggest concern is that their use among teenagers is going up while no change in conventional cigarette use has been detected. This suggests that e-cigarettes are drawing in new users towards nicotine addiction and possibly smoking.
On a personal study, I questioned a series of people who have and have not smoked an e-cig.

In this experiment, 15 people answered a series of questions put forth by myself. Their names will not be disclosed, but their ages varied from 20 to 35 years old. My questions were as follows:

1. Have you ever used an e-cig before, and if so, describe your experience. What did you enjoy about it? Not enjoy about it? What was the reason for it? How much money do you spend a year, month, or week on e-cigs?

2. If not, then how do you feel about e ciggs? Approve or disapprove? How many of your friends do you know smoke? And do you think it is a healthy alternative to cigarettes? Why?

Only 4 out of the 15 told me that they have not experimented with them. I wanted to did deeper. Asking questions such as how they were brought up, if anyone in there family has any hearth or lung condition, if they have a history of family members who smoke, and if they had ever been abused.
Just as I had previously predicted, they all replied no to th set of questions.

Others continued stating that they have tried it because it looks modern and because their friends were doing it at the time, feeling as if they had too as well.

Peer pressure is a huge contributing factor, as two members of the group said that their families participate in Hookah Sessions, and that is where they got influenced into the e-cig craze.
Full transcript