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Assessing and Teaching Reading: Fluency and Comprehension

This presentation delves into what reading fluency and comprehension is and what strategies there are to teach and assess them.
by

Eric Lindner

on 10 May 2012

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Transcript of Assessing and Teaching Reading: Fluency and Comprehension

AssEssINg & TeAChing ReaDinG: FlUEnCy & CoMPReheNsioN Fluency Comp. Fluency Reading fluency is being able to read in a quick, accurate, and effortless manner while using the appropriate expression and understanding. builds comprehension
and the love of reading A key component of fluency is
successful reading instruction Students who have a low fluency level and engage
in repeated readings have a greater chance of
showing improvement in the three components
that make up fluency; Rate, Accuracy, and Expression. Sight Word practice will help build fluency. Thats cool and all but how do
we determine HOW well a child
can read??? WE MUST ASSESS!!!!! WE MUST ASSESS!!!!! Teaching Reading Fluency Guided Oral Reading 0 Teachers model fluent reading for students.

0 It provides background knowledge for students so that they can read a book by
themselves, with a partner, or while listening to an audio recording.

0 This exposes them to books that may be too difficult for them to read.

0 Many students with learning and behavior problems have listening comprehension
that is several years more advanced than their reading comprehension. 0 Students repeatedly read passages that range
50 to 200 words in length, until he and she
reaches a more fluent reading rate (90 to 100
per cent word recognition) 0 0 0 0 0 Repeated Short & Meaningful Passages (Students develop the concept of fluent reading through listening and watching others read aloud) Reader's Theatre Peer Supported Reading Helping Families Improve Their Children's Reading (Home Connection) 0 0 0 0 Students perform a play or a book to script form by reading it aloud to
an audience.
0 Students are not expected to memorize the text and props are minimal,
as the focus is on reading.
0 Students with different reading skills can use the same text, since
parts vary widely in reading level. 0 0 0 0 Pairing stronger readers with weaker readers.

0 Student reading levels should not be that different.

0 Reading materials should be at the lower-performing student's independent to
instructional reading levels. 0 0 0 0 Improving reading outcomes for children with special needs is to
incorporate wide reading
Have students read different types of genres.
Parents should read with child daily
Ask students about what they are reading.
Share what you are reading with your child, ex. recipes, magazines, leisure books. 0 0 Activity :) C
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n Two Quotes to Consider Comprehension
is “the
essence of
reading and
the ultimate
goal
of reading
instruction.”
(pg.312) “In one study of
fourth-
grade classrooms,
only 20 minutes of
comprehension
instruction
was observed in
more than
4,000 minutes of
reading
instruction.”
(pg. 316) What is
Comprehension? (Three Components) Reader Text Purpose For Reader Hold on. Before
we go
into that, ask
yourself if your
kids have.. ADEQUATE Decoding
and phonological
skills? ADEQUATE Fluency? ADEQUATE Vocabulary? and ADEQUATE background knowledge?? How do we
teach reading
comprehension? Sooooo now that we have that figured out Why through
self-monitoring
strategies,
of course! Hangtivity Time x x p Comprehension
Strategies Narrative Comprehension Cards Expository Question Cards Predict The Plot A "DUMB" game ;) Objective: To teach students to identify different
types of expository text structure and to ask comprehension questions appropriate to each text structure while reading text. Objective: To teach students to use narrative comprehension cards while reading text.
Example?? Objective: To provide students with practice in predicting the events and plots in stories.

Steps:
Select a cartoon strip and expose one frame at a time.
Have students predict what will happen in the next frames
After the story is completed, have students draw and write their own cartoons. Reading Time! ;) Questions??


Comments?


Concerns? The Ending Has Come... Comprehension
Instruction Why is this
important? This is by far the
most difficult aspect
of reading We need to know if students
are understanding, or are able to
understand, what they are reading One way to monitor reading comprehension is to have students retell what they have read. (With details) The most accurate way of learning more about what students' learn from text is to be able to score their oral retelling of the passage. Whats in YOUR
tool box?? Questioning Monitoring Summarizing Focus/Attention Motivation Vocabul;ary Instruction Ask questions before and after reading
predictions/prior knowledge activation
help guide understanding through in-reading questioning
check comprehension after reading to clear up misunderstandings Teach unknown words prior to reading text (formal or informal)
In-text vocabulary/define upon struggling
teach common roots, prefixes and suffixes that they can use to help understand new vocabulary used in a text
context clues Good readers constantly monitor their comprehension
Prior to reading, teachers should help students trigger prior knowledge about a given story’s content
must be taught this strategy (checking in with themselves while reading) and adjust accordingly
This can be taught through questioning and encouraging the student to use context clues, and other strategies, to understand the text
Students will begin to mold and be able to do these strategies independently So, as you all know, we rarely sit down to formally write out a step by step process of what we had just read, right? At least...I don't. This is because of our ability to memorize/store sequenced information and be able to recall it
Young readers do not have this fully developed ability.
Teach them how to summarize
encourages comprehension retention
practive makes perfect Reading flow is hindered by interuptions
ADD/ADHD
Must help foster good focus and attention
children dont realize how important it is
how do we teach this?
index card/pointer finger while reading
limit distractions
periodic breaks Readers must be motivated in order to be successful!
Enthusiasm is contagious - model it.
Talk about the benefits and what reading has to offer
Find out what interests the child - help them find texts that are right up their alley.
You arent gonna give a kid who hates fantasy a book on Star Wars - epic fail. Yeah I said that.
Please dont give a child a book that is too hard for them... yes, another epic fail. We don't want to push them away from reading! H
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? DRA 2 (among others) Acronym
Extravaganza Almost done!
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