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Transcript of Leishmaniasis
2nd period ( Leish- man-i-asis)
Abbrev. -L. Signs/Symptoms:
Abnormal Blood tests
Enlargement of organs
*Possible effect- Skin
Disease causing organism- Parasite Transmitted: 1.)
Infected Sandfly bites a human. 2.)
Uninfected sandfly bites infected human. 3.)
Blood transfusion. Drug users sharing needles Preventions:
Protect against Sandflies.
-Spray, nets, population
Minimize exposed skin.
Staying away from infected (animals, people).
Moving greenery away.
Keep distant and decrese time spent where disease is most common. Treatment-
Visceral:Liposomal amphotericin B( approved in U.S.)
Pentavalentantimony and Peromomycin(not approved in U.S.
(Can possibly heal on it's own.)
Mococutaneous: Not as common, no clear way to prescribe medicine.
No treatment to prevent the disease. There is no currect cure for Leishamaniasis.
Janovy, John, Jr., and Gerald D. Schmdit. "Leishmaniasis." Foundations of Parasitology. By Larry S. Roberts. 7th ed. N.p.: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2004. 60+. Print.
"MedicineNet -Leishmaniasis." MedicineNet - Health and Medical Information Produced by Doctors. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/hp.asp>.
"Medical Dictionary." Medical Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/>.
"Parasites Home/ Leishmaniasis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/>.
1.5 million people are affected by Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and 0.5 people are affected by Visceral Leishmaniasis.
Mucocutaneous Leismaniasis is rare. Fact #2
A pregnant mother can pass on Leishmaniasis to her fetus. Fact #3
Leishamniasis can live in a healthy human body for up to twenty years, and live in stored blood for thirty days. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
(Skin) Visceral Leishmaniasis (Organs) Picture #2 Picture #1 Mococutaneous Leishmaniasis
(Nose and mouth) Mouth Nose Picture #3 Fact #4
Normally transmitted by female Sandfly and are much smaller than regular mosquitoes. Morphology Characteristics:
Nucleus: largest organelle
Top is pointed
Sandfly makes no noise and the bites is unoticed and is either painfull or painless. It's most active at dusk. Fact #6
Leishmaniasis can be found in humans, dogs, and specific rodents. Fact #7
Visceral Leishmaniasis is a blood-borne transmission and is rare but possible. Fact #8
88 countires are affected because of this disease. Types of Leishmaniasis and where it's most common:
Cutaneous- Skin (Afghanistan, Algeria, Iran, Saudi, Arabia, Syria, Brazil, Columbia, Peru, and Bolivia.)
Visceral- Organs (India, Blangadash, Nepal, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Brazil.)
Mococutaneous- Mouth and Nose. (New World, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia.)