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Transcript of Argumentative Writing
Definition: is defined as presenting reasons and examples to influence action or thought. Effective persuasive writing requires a writer to state clearly an opinion and to supply reasons and specific examples that support the opinion.
Claims, Evidence, Reasoning
The Definition of Argumentation
The argumentative essay
is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.
Ethical LOGICAL Pathos
Claims and Counterclaims
Use an organizational structure that arranges
the argument in a way that will make sense to
<The Toulmin Method>
The overall thesis the writer will argue for.
A claim that disagrees with the thesis/claim.
It may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments.
It must establish
a clear thesis
and follow sound
Can You Convince Me?
"How does this support my claim?"
Subjective reasoning vs Objective reasoning
Debate vs. Argument
CER and Toulmin Method
5 BASIC RULES
- Know your audience
- Do your research
- Make it about you
- Make it about them
-Close with a punch
* Making sure your reader can count on you as a credible essayist
Investigating a topic
Generating and evaluating evidence
A clear thesis: establishing a position on a topic
Support position with clear, concise evidence
Involves lengthy and detailed research, including research on opposing positions
Evidence from relevant written sources
Tone is critical and reasoned
Anticipate readers' expectations
Relevancy in every area of study and vocation
The Toulmin Method
When learning written argument, it is always helpful to observe how others argue effectively or ineffectively. The Toulmin method, based on the work of philosopher Stephen Toulmin, is one way of analyzing a text that we read, with an eye toward responding to that particular argument (as in a writing assignment that asks us to respond) and, ultimately, toward analyzing and improving the arguments we ourselves make.
First paragraph: A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement
Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion
Body paragraphs: evidential support(whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal
Conclusion paragraph: readdressing it in light of the evidence provided
The Structure of the Argumentative Essay
Claim: Hybrid cars are an effective strategy to fight pollution.
Counterclaim: Instead of focusing on cars, which still encourages a culture of driving
even if it cuts down on pollution, the nation should focus on building and
encouraging use of mass transit systems.
This type of writing involves investigating a topic, collecting and gathering supportive evidence, and establishing a clear and concise position on the chosen topic. Argumentation is more than an explanation of a topic, it's an in-depth look at a specific stance with legitimate information to back it up.