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Transcript of Crow
Where did the Crow Tribe live?
The early Crow tribe lived in the Yellowstone River Valley in the U.S.A. (Southwestern part of Montana), but now reside in Billings,->
The Crow people were, for the most part, a hunting tribe. Some animals they hunted were deer, elk, buffalo, sheep, and bison. A few of the Crow locations grew corn, but others only grew tobacco. The women in the Crow tribe gathered things such as herbs, fruits, and many other plants.
In the Crow tribe, the men were the elaborately dressed ones, not the women. The women of the tribe, wore long deerskin dresses. The men of the tribe, wore breechcloths with leather leggings and buckskin skirts. (Bigorrin.com) Both men and women wore moccasins as their form of shoes. The clothing of the Crow people was always fringed and was decorated with beadwork, procupine quills, and elk teeth. They later shifted their style to the early European way. The Crow women usually kept their hair at about shoulder length, especially when mourning. The men on the other hand, intended to grow their hair out as long as it would grow. The tribe usually had their hair loose or in two braids, and the men usually put decorations in their hair. (feather, horse hair, fur, etc.)
The First Crow People
The first name gave to the "Crow" tribe, by their own people, was "Apsaalooke," meaning "children of the large beaked birds." (Montana.gov)
The first Crow people began to appear in the 18th century
The Crow mainly lived in Billings, Montana, but sometimes resided in Yellowstone counties in the Yellowstone River Valley (<- This region went between the southern Montana border, and the northern Wyoming border)
The Crow tribe was first recorded to be in contact with non-tribal people, when the Lewis and Clark Expedition took place in 1806
The early Crow warriors fought for the U.S. government, but were later moved onto their own private reservation
Arts and Crafts
The Crow tribe is famous for their artwork of quill embroidery, beadwork, and carving arts.
The Crow were very religious people they have mulitple spirits that they believed in. Some of these spirits were the Sun, Morning Star, High Thunder, the Thunderbird, the Seven Stars, dwarf spirits, buffalo, snake and chicken-hawk spirits, Eagle and Old Man Coyote. The Sun spirit was the most important spirit but, there was a god even more supreme, Akba'tat-di'a , the maker of everything.
The early Crow people spoke the sub language of the Missouri River, Siouan (Native Net)
The present day Crow people speak English for the most part. The one time that they most definitely dont speak English, is when they have ceremonial celebrations. Although, there are other sources that state that the Crow speak their own native language of "Crow"
Every year, the Crow tribe holds extravagant shows, festivals, parades, and other events. They used these celebrations to keep in touch with their Native American past.
Some of the traditional stories that the tribe told were legends and fairy tales. Story telling was one of the most important parts in the Crow tribe.
The technology of the Crow tribe is not like what we call technology in modern days. The Crow tribes "technology" included weaprony and tools. A few examples are strong and powerful bows and arrows, war clubs (ball-headed bar), spears, and shields.
The Crows lived in teepees, like alot of Native American tribes did.
They built the teepees out of long, sturdy wooden poles and were covered with animal hide, mostly Buffalo.
The Crow's built them to fit multiple families in one. The families would sleep on the perimeter of the teepees so that they would have room in the middle for a fire, when it got cold in the winter. When building the teepees, they left a hole at the top for ventilation for the fires.
The Crow's celebrations go back to their traditions. The Crow had spiritual celebrations, which kept them in touch with their roots. Now a days, the Crow tribe hold celebrations like what we think of when we think of celebrations. They hold parades, festivals, and many other events that are dear to them.
The Crow often worked aside other tribes during war times. When the Plains Native Americans fought against the Europeans, it wasn't a violent war, they fought to prove their courage and to fight for their existence. The Plains people rarely ever fought to the death or destroyed others villages. They mainly used something called "counting coup." This is where they would 'steal' the enemies objects, so they would harm the enemy, without physically harming them.
Although the Crow and their neighbors were Allies at points in time, they were also each others enemies. The main enemies out of the Crow's neighbors were, the Sioux, Shoshones, and Black Feet. When the Europeans first saw how much the neighboring tribes fought with the Crow, they were also shocked at how easily they made peace.
Children of the Crow
The early Crow children are just like children of today. They like to play together, they helped their parents out, and yes, they even went to school. The children played with dolls, toys and other games. There are, however, a few differences, unlike modern days, the children liked to go hunting with their fathers. The Crow children of the past were like the Colonial children when it came to work, they had many chores and not a lot of free time.
Running of the Tribe
In the Crow tribe, women were the powerful ones. Females of the past could easily become the Chief of the tribe, due to their 'high' ranking in life. When a woman married a man, the man would move in with her and her family.
The American Government has moved the Crow tribe onto their own private reservation in Billings, Montana. There is a Crow Tribal Council, now, that is the present governing body of the Crow tribe. This set-up is made up of three branches, the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial. There are many agencies in the U.S. that deal with the Native American tribes and their rights.
Chief Plenty Coups
"The ground on which we stand is sacred ground. It is the dust and blood of our ancestors."
-Chief Plenty Coups
Chief Plenty Coup was the last tribal leader. When he died in 1932, he left his land as a park.
Crow Indians." Www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Crow_Indians. N.p., 7 May 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Crow Indian Fact Sheet." Facts for Kids: Crow Indians (Crows). N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2013. <http://www.bigorrin.org/crow_kids.htm>.
"Crow Indians." Www.indians.org/articles/crow-indians.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.
Crow Indians." Http://native-net.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013. <http://native-net.org/tribes/crow-indians.html>.
"Crow Nation (Apsaalooke)." Http://www.tribalnations.mt.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.tribalnations.mt.gov/crow.asp>.
Wičháša na wíŋyaŋ otóiyohi iglúhapi na iyéhaŋyaŋ wówažapi. Tȟaŋmáhel slol'íč'iyapi na kičhíwičhowepi s'e kičhíčhuwapi kta héčha.
Translated into Lakota Sioux by Joe Bellman
Each and every man and woman is free and has equal rights to things. They are sure of themselves in their mind, and they should treat each other as if they were siblings.