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The Federalist No. 10 Rhetorical Analysis

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Brianna Gibson

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of The Federalist No. 10 Rhetorical Analysis

The Federalist No. 10 Rhetorical Questions Rhetorical Questions "With equal, nay with greater reason, a body of men are unfit to be both judges and parties at the same time; yet what are many of the most important acts of legislation, but so many judicial determinations, not indeed concerning the rights of single persons, but concerning the rights of large bodies of citizens? And what are the different classes of legislators but advocates and parties to the causes which they determine? Is a law proposed concerning private debt?" Madison's usage of rhetorical questions is intended to cause the reader to answer the questions based on their own opinions. These questions force the reader to not only ponder the question itself, but the morality the individual has concerning the question. He appeals to the ethics of their readers to realize that the opinions of many are skewed; opinions that the individual themselves might have. Freight Train "A zeal for different opinions concerning religion, concerning government, and many other points, as well of speculation as of practice; an attachment to different leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power; or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been interesting to the human passions, have, in turn, divided mankind into parties; inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and each other than to co-operate for their common good." Madison uses freight train in such a way that his readers are somewhat out of breath by the end of his sentence. The ideas presented in the sentence are listed in a way that every new idea is connected to the previous one, building on the intensity of the topic being discussed. The commas and semi-colons are short breaks that plead for contemplation of one idea quickly before the idea is built upon with another idea. This gradual compilation of building blocks of one idea in one sentence urges the full understanding of Madison's opinion to be contemplated and asks the reader to formulate an opinion based on the idea presented. Madison's opinion is not one that is two-dimensional, staying merely on paper. His opinion is one that is thrust on his readers, asking them to not only understand his opinion, but determine if it is one worth agreeing with. This, through the usage of rhetorical strategies like that of rhetorical questions, freight train, and blank makes this Federalist Paper most effective. Moral “The inference to which we are brought is, that the causes of faction cannot be removed, and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects.”

Throughout the course of the Federalist Number Ten Paper, Madison is attempting to enlighten his audience as to this moral, or the evils and corruption that can often be brought about through faction. It may seem that there is no way to remove that influence from individuals' lives, it is a part of the very nature to join together with those of similar beliefs. But, Madison refutes this popular belief stating that we can control the effects that we allow such factions to have upon ourselves and our society. Through careful monitoring and examination we can decide what we will allow to affect us and what we will not. This moral contemplation allows the reader to examine their own lives and the relation they have to this idea, making this strategy very effective.
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