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Stephen Hawking

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Kian Marvi

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking Stephen William Hawking is a British theoretical physicist and author.He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts,a lifetime member of the Pontifical Acedamy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom On 19 December 2007, a statue of Hawking by artist Ian Walters was unveiled at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology, University of Cambridge.Buildings named after Hawking include the Stephen W. Hawking Science Museum in San Salvador, El Salvador, the Stephen Hawking Building in Cambridge, and the Stephen Hawking Centre at Perimeter Institute in Canada. In 2002, following a UK-wide vote, the BBC included him in their list of the 100 Greatest Britons. Hawking was born on 8th January 1942.His parents were living in North London but moved into Oxford shortly before his birth while London was under attack during the Second World War In 1950,Hawking and his family moved into St Albans,Hertfordshire when his father became the head of parasitology at the National Institude for Medical Research.Hawking attend St Albans High school for Girls from 1950 to 1953;at that time boys could attend the girls' school until the age of 10.At the age of 11,he then attended St Albans School. By 1974,he was unable to feed himself or get out of bed.His speech became slurred that he could be understood only by the people who knew him well. In 1963,When Stephen Hawking was 21,he suffered an Illness called motor neurone disease shortly before his first marriage.The symptoms first occurred when he was enrolled in the University of Cambridge,when he lost his balance and fell down a flight of stairs,hitting his head,and the doctors said he would not survive more than two or three years but then still survived. By 1985,his illness became worse and was fully unable to speak
so Cambridge built the speech generating device that enabled Hawking to operate the computer keyboard,and then have a voice synthesiser to speak what he typed Hawking's inaugural lecture was titled "Is the end in sight for Theoretical Physics" and promoted the idea that supergravity would help solve many of the outstanding problems physicist were facing. A Brief History of Time (1988)
Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (1994)
The Universe in a Nutshell (2001)
On The Shoulders of Giants (2002)
A Briefer History of Time (2005)
God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History (2005)
The Grand Design (2010) As a person of great public interest,Hawking has appeared himself on popular shows like Star Trek: The next Generation,Futurama and The Simpsons In the mid to late 70s were period of growing popularity and success for Hawking.His work was now much talked about; he was appearing in television documentaries, and in 1979 he became the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge,a position he held for 30 years until his retirement in 2009. In 2007,Hawking took a zero gravity flight called the "Vomit Comet",courtesy of Zero Gravity Corporation,during which he experience wieghtnessless eight times. o Hawking suggested that space is Earth's long term hope and indicated that he is almost certain that alien life exist on other parts of the universe.He had also warned that a few of these species might be intelligent and threaten Earth:
"If aliens visit us,the outcome would be much as when Columbus landed in America,which didn't turned out well for the native americans". Before the flight he said:"Many people have asked me why I am taking this flight.I am doing it for many reasons. First of all,I believe that life on Earth is at an ever-increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster such as nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus, or other dangersI think the human race has no future if it doesn't go into space. I therefore want to encourage public interest in space". In 1997, Hawking made a public scientific wager with Kip Thorne and John Preskill of Caltech concerning the black hole information paradox.Thorne and Hawking argued that since general relativity made it Thorne and Hawking argued that since general relativity made it impossible for black holes to radiate, and lose information, the mass-energy and information carried by Hawking Radiation ( a black hole named after Hawking himself). 1975 Eddington Medal
1976 Hughes Medal of the Royal Society
1979 Albert Einstein Medal
1981 Franklin Medal
1982 Commander of the Order of the British Empire
1985 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society
1986 Member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences
1988 Wolf Prize in Physics
1989 Companion of Honour
1999 Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize of the American Physical Society
2003 Michelson Morley Award of Case Western Reserve University
2006 Copley Medal of the Royal Society
2008 Fonseca Prize of the University of Santiago de Compostela
2009 Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in the United States Master of the Universe (Stephen Hawking documentary) Stephen Hawking isn't just a physicist but also a writer.His first popular science book,A Brief History of Time,was publish on 1st April 1988.It stayed on the British Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 236 weeks List of Hawking's books Hawking has taught us that no matter how bad your disability is it cannot stop you from making your future happen.

"Obviously, because of my disability, I need assistance. But I have always tried to overcome the limitations of my condition and lead as full a life as possible. I have traveled the world, from the Antarctic to zero gravity".

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